Mediterranean Garden Society

The Mediterranean Garden

The photograph at the top of this page shows Adonis dentata seen blooming in Jordan (Photo Jorun Tharaldsen)

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Aalto, Alvar: 6 6
Aaron’s rod: 2 15; 84 26
Aaronsohnia factorovskyi: 65 44
abandoned plants: 89 20, 21
Abbotsbury Sub-Tropical Gardens: 28 66
Abd al-Raman III: 74 28
abelia: 12 9, 10; 29 43; 60 34; 89 16
Abelia: 1 8; 7 47; 8 4; 13 8; 19 47; 21 27, 28; 22 25; 46 19; 47 20; 55 26; 72 21; 77 12; 94 13
Abelia floribunda: 12 10; 32 56
Abelia schumannii: 22 25; 32 56
Abelia × grandiflora: 11 42; 12 10; 14 26; 19 47; 21 27; 29 17; 32 56; 47 53; 59 6; 62 48; 66 59; 71 36; 79 56
Abelmoschus manihot: 63 2
Abies: 6 17; 15 10, 39
Abies bracteata: 26 21
Abies cephalonica: 1 23; 3 30; 14 7; 15 39; 44 22; 51 42; 75 40, 42; 85 38; 86 46; 88 36
Abies cilicica: 73 48
Abies koreana: 44 23
Abies nebrodensis: 23 62; 26 21; 57 9
Abies nordmanniana: 76 43
Abies numidica: 76 42
absinthe: 30 35; 75 28
Abu I-Jair: 70 26
Abu-s-Salt Ummaya: 82 28
abutilon: 6 25; 13 8; 29 35, 36; 41 46, 47; 43 12; S(2) 13
Abutilon megapotamicum: 1 40; 11 44; 19 48
Abutilon pictum ‘Thompsonii’: 84 29
Abutilon spp.: 6 43; 8 7; 38 21; 55 14, 26; 59 6
Abutilon vitifolium: 1 12
Abutilon × hybridum: 11 44, 45; 17 34; 29 35
Abyssinian banana: 44 23; 70 63; 74 24
Acacia: 3 8; 5 5, 45; 15 40; 16 6; 18 69; 19 83; 21 28; 22 12; 49 50, 55, 61; 53 19; 54 16, 20, 24; 55 14; 56 71; 69 8; 72 9; 82 7; 83 23; 93 24, 25; 94 20, 21
Acacia abyssinica: 3 8
Acacia acinacea: 37 21; 73 57; 90 32; 92 24
Acacia adjunca: 52 43; 94 21, 23
Acacia argyrophylla: 1 24; 52 41; 73 57
Acacia baileyana: 1 24; 46 30; 47 18; 52 40; 73 57; 75 63
Acacia baileyana ‘Purpurea’: 63 17
Acacia bakeri: 82 6
Acacia beckleri: 30 28
Acacia boormannii: 91 59; 94 21, 23
Acacia brachybotrys: 1 24
Acacia calamifolia: 1 24, 25; 52 41
Acacia cardiophylla: 1 24; 4 39
Acacia cardiophyllodes: 33 22
Acacia covenyi: 94 21, 23
Acacia cliftoniana: 1 24
Acacia cognata: 74 26; 91 59
Acacia cognata ‘Limelight’: 92 33
Acacia cometes: 1 24
Acacia congesta: 1 24
Acacia cultriformis: 26 49; 47 18; 85 23; 94 21, 23
Acacia cyanophylla: 10 8; 16 6; 59 7; 70 23
Acacia cyanophyllodes: 25 8; 30 20; 45 18
Acacia dealbata: 4 12, 23; 6 14; 10 8, 25; 11 43; 16 6; 23 45; 26 16; 31 28; 37 42; 42 55; 47 18; 48 68; 49 47; 52 31, 39, 40; 34 49, 67, 68; 59 23, 28; 60 21, 57; 70 4; 71 33; 74 40; 78 11, 45; 82 26; 83 47; 94 20
Acacia dealbata 'Gaulois': 52 41
Acacia dealbata 'Mirandole': 52 41
Acacia decurrens: 83 62
Acacia decurrens 'Bon Acceuil': 52 41
Acacia drepanolobium: 73 46
Acacia drummondii: 1 24
Acacia farnesiana: 13 8; 16 6; 19 83; 47 10; 52 40; 63 62; 80 46
Acacia fimbriata: 94 21, 23
Acacia floribunda: 47 8
Acacia glaucoptera: 1 25
Acacia hemitales: 1 26
Acacia horrida: 16 6
Acacia imbricata: 94 21, 23
Acacia iteaphylla: 94 19, 21, 23
Acacia iteaphyllodes: 21 28; 30 29
Acacia juniperana: 10 8
Acacia karoo: 1 21; 52 41; 78 11; 85 24
Acacia lasiocarpa: 1 26
Acacia latrobei: 90 32; 92 24
Acacia leprosa: 69 6
Acacia leprosa 'Scarlet Blaze': 52 43
Acacia linifolia: 47 18
Acacia longifolia: 47 18; 49 53, 54
Acacia mearnsii: 52 41
Acacia meisneri: 1 24
Acacia melanoxylon: 11 43; 37 21; 38 16; 51 20; 77 87
Acacia paradoxa: 1 24; 37 21
Acacia podalyriifolia: 5 43; 18 69; 67 62; 82 26
Acacia pravissima: 1 24; 5 43, 44; 38 16
Acacia pycnantha: 37 21; 73 57
Acacia redolens: 23 75; 52 41; 57 17
Acacia retinodes: 1 24; 16 6; 52 40, 41; 70 23, 29; 75 63; 78 11, 13; 81 18
Acacia retinodes 'Four Seasons': 52 42
Acacia retinodes 'Imperialis': 52 42
Acacia retinodes 'Lisette': 52 42
Acacia retinodes ‘Quatre Saisons’: 71 33
Acacia rossei: 1 26
Acacia saligna: 39 22; 54 24; 56 71; 70 23; 78 11
Acacia semilunata: 94 21, 23
Acacia seyal: 40 64
Acacia spectabilis: 40 64; 52 41; 69 6
Acacia stenophylla: 4 18; 5 25; S(2) 38; 78 11, 13, 65
Acacia suaveolens: 1 23
Acacia terminalis: 1 23
Acacia truncata: 1 27
Acacia uncinata: 30 28; 94 22, 23
Acacia vestita ‘Sainte Hélène’: 94 22, 23
Acacia victoriae: 31 36; 52 43
Acacia × hanburyana: 82 26
Acacia, Pearl: 5 44
Acacia, Shoestring: 4 18; S(2) 38
acacias: 1 23, 24, 26; 3 10; 4 32; 5 43; 7 4; 10 8; 26 30; 28 15; 29 53; 30 20, 28; 37 14, 40 9; 44 35; 47 18, 20; 50 59; 51 2, 48; 52 39, 54; 57 23; 59 11; 62 13, 14; 66 27; 67 63; 69 10; 70 23, 44; 71 55, 58, 60; 72 34; 73 46; 74 27; 78 11; 80 46; 81 72; 92 21; 93 62
acacias, black: 49 34-37, 41
acacias, spring-flowering: 83 1
acacias, weeping: 42 25
Acaena caesiiglauca: 55 12
Acalypha wilkesiana: 47 52
Acanthaceae: 54 33; 82 60; 92 47
acanthus: 2 33; 5 40, 46; 6 52, 56; 9 1; 25 38; 26 46, 64; 33 53; 40 8; 41 6; 46 28; 48 68; 49 25, 44; 50 23; 55 43; 57 4; 58 49; 60 13; 69 49, 67, 68; 70 29; 72 68; 74 24; 80 13; 88 30, 36 Acanthus: 13 46; 17 55; 18 11; 19 83; 66 35, 37; 69 32, 67; 92 26
Acanthus arboreus: 75 50
Acanthus balcanicus: 14 7; 57 4; 69 49; 82 60
Acanthus dioscoridis: 8 53
Acanthus hirsutus: 8 53
Acanthus hungaricus: 82 60
Acanthus mollis: 1 49; 3 30; 9 1; 10 5; 14 6, 7; 17 34; 20 40; 26 29; 32 24; 33 1; 34 6; 36 28; 39 45; 50 7; 54 5; 57 4; 62 15; 64 36; 67 10; 69 49, 68; 72 50; 73 62; 81 41; 88 36; 92 4, 33
Acanthus spinosissimus: 8 53; 40 46
Acanthus spinosus: 3 30; 14 7; 20 40; 29 24, 27; 49 31; 64 36; 88 36
Acanthus syriacus: 8 53; 64 36
acca: 12 25
Acca: 9 34; 15 72; 18 24
Acca sellowiana: 13 46; 15 72; 18 24; 67 12; S(2) 14; 71 34; 80 11, 21; 85 18; 89 9
Acca sellowiana‘Apollo’: S(2) 15
Acca sellowiana ‘Coolidge’: S(2) 15
Acca sellowiana ‘David’: S(2) 15
Acca sellowiana ‘Gemini’: S(2) 15
Acca sellowiana ‘Mammoth’: S(2) 15, 16
Acca sellowiana ‘Robert’: S(2) 16
Acca sellowiana’Triumph’: S(2) 16
Acca sellowiana ‘Unique’: S(2) 16
acclimatization: 54 7, 8, 12
acequia: 48 45, 48, 49; 62 9; 67 16-19; 91 21
acer: 35 6; 51 48, 49; 52 54; 60 36; 90 29; 93 34, 35
Acer: 15 9, 10; 18 9; 21 3; 22 41; 57 41; 94 42
Acer buergerianum: 8 28
Acer buergerianum var. formosum: 8 28
Acer campestre: 6 15, 27; 22 41; 52 35; S(2) 13; 90 60; 92 55
Acer cappadocium: 82 24
Acer circinatum: 30 19; 74 7
Acer creticum: 8 31; 88 44
Acer grandidentatum: 8 27
Acer griseum: 33 12; 71 34
Acer hyrcanum: 8 32
Acer japonicum: 45 55
Acer japonicum ‘Vitifolium’: 90 28
Acer macrophyllum: 27 14; 74 7; 87 11
Acer monspessulanum: 3 30; 8 31; 14 25; 36 23; 49 7; 53 18; 57 39, 42; 63 60; 77 81
Acer morrisonense: 8 30
Acer negundo: 18 9; 82 27
Acer negundo ‘Flamingo’: 65 18
Acer oblongum: 8 28
Acer oblongum biauritum: 8 29
Acer obtusifolium: 76 7
Acer opalus: 8 32
Acer opalus ssp. obtusatum: 28 22
Acer orientale: 8 31
Acer palmatum: 34 13; 38 20; 76 45; 89 8
Acer palmatum 'Osakazuki': 21 3
Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Atropurpureum': 40 16
Acer paxii: 8 29
Acer pseudoplatanus: 73 48
Acer reginae-amaliae: 8 32
Acer saccharum: 8 26, 27
Acer ‘Sango Kaku’: 69 35
Acer sempervirens: 8 30, 31; 40 45, 46; 63 60
Acer syriacum: 8 32
Acer trifolium: 57 41
Acer truncatum: 8 29
Acherontia atropos: 71 73
achillea:  27 56; 34 5
Achillea: 26 53; 64 35
Achillea chrysocoma: 3 32
Achillea coarctata: 30 23; 50 11; 57 46; 67 68
Achillea crithmifolia: 74 46; 85 32
Achillea filipendulina: 11 42; 39 45
Achillea millefolium: 9 12; 21 30; 23 67; 36 27; 42 63; 56 65; 84 24; 87 9, 11; 91 60
Achillea millefolium ‘Cerise Queen’: 84 25
Achillea 'Moonshine’: 57 18
Achillea taygetea: 64 36
Achillea tomentosa: 11 7, 42; 74 46
Achillea umbellata: 74 46
Achilleion: 84 65; 87 52
achimenes: 4 40; 33 23
Achyranthes gilsoni: 46 31
Achyranthes lindeni: 46 31
acid rain: 56 62
acid soil: 1 7; 10 31, 38; 19 13; 22 28; 23 33, 36; 24 11; 30 28; 31 78; 33 26; 69 19; 71 49; 72 21; 74 21; 77 11
Acidanthera bicolor: 20 23
acidification: 83 56
acidity: 8 47
acid-loving plants: 10 1; 41 70; 64 49; 72 23; 76 44; 79 18
Acmadenia: 19 36, 39; 21 58; 55 53
Acmena smithii: 69 8
Acinos alpinus: 82 62
Acnistus: 3 55
Acnistus arborescens: 42 87
Acnistus australis: 2 20; 21 58; 33 21; 42 86, 87; 55 53
aconites: 78 55
Acorn Banksia: 74 26
acorn cups: 88 47, 49
Acorn Initiative: 88 49
acorns: 6 34; 25 1; 28 17; 41 26; 43 70; 44 43, 67; 59 47; 63 1; 74 4, 5; 75 58; 85 43; 88 44, 47-49; 89 72; 90 3, 71; 92 55; 94 26
Acorus calamus: 59 43, 44
Acorus gramineus 'Ogon': 57 19
Acrolophia cochlearis: 37 45
Acropolis: 27 66; 60 4; 62 1; 84 63, 66, 68; 87 25, 44, 51
Acropolis Museum: 75 42
acrylnitrile polymers: 61 41
Actinidia chinensis: 35 41; 56 33; 94 56
Actinidia deliciosa: 35 41; 56 33; 69 15; 70 15
actinomycetes: 56 62
Aculops fuchsiae: 94 41
adages: 80 26
Adams, Marina: 86 69; 87 61-64
adaptation to drought: 22 6; 25 47, 48; 27 21
adapted to Mediterranean conditions: 51 2; 54 2, 21
adaptive mechanisms: 48 14-22, 35
Adelaide Botanic Gardens: 21 30; 23 14-17; 37 3; 48 34, 67; 67 72; 68 65; 71 53; 92 39
Adenandra: 19 36, 37, 39; S(1) 37, 40
Adenandra fragrans: 19 39; S(1) 40
Adenandra uniflora: 19 37, 39; S(1) 39, 40
Adenium: 50 17
Adenium arabicum: 93 36
Adenium obesum: 18 49; 93 35
Adenostoma fasciculatum: 24 15; 87 16
Adenostoma sparsifolium: 31 58
Adiantaceae: 37 21
Adiantum: 53 34
Adiantum capillus-veneris: 19 66; 63 15; 82 46
Adonis: 64 4
Adonis aestivalis: 45 47
Adonis annua: 3 32
Adonis dentata: 65 44
Adonis vernalis: 3 32
Adopt A Plant: 80 65, 66
Adromischus maculatus: 30 53
adventitious roots: 50 42
adventive plants: 54 8, 24, 25
Aechmea fasciata: 4 5; 77 18
Aegean Garden: 47 4, 10, 13
Aegilops geniculata: 68 5
Aegypius monachus: 71 67
Aegithalos caudatus: 83 12
Aenaria: 83 55
Aeonium: 25 35, 36; 26 31; 30 53; 39 9, 12; 53 66, 67; 55 14; 57 61; 68 15; 77 68; 81 15; 91 61; 93 25
Aeonium arboreum: 25 35; 28 24; 52 51; 61 69; 92 38
Aeonium arboreum 'Atropurpureum': 28 24
Aeonium arboreum 'Schwarzkopf': 19 28; 24 11; 39 9; 64 36; 77 68
Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’: 90 2
Aeonium canariense: 67 39
Aeonium haworthii: 28 24; 59 9; 90 3
Aeonium 'Mint Saucer': 24 10
Aeonium nobile: 39 10, 12; 77 69, 71
Aeonium simsii: 57 21
Aeonium 'Sunburst': 57 21
Aeonium 'Zwartkop': 57 21
aeoniums: 18 1; 32 54; 33 30; 46 89; 51 31; 52 17; 55 66; 59 55; 67 21, 22; 69 42; 70 31; 71 52; 89 19, 46, 53
aeration: 24 11
aerial roots: 14 28, 29; S(1) 16, 18; 93 8, 60
Aeschylus: 23 18
Aesculus: 49 55, 56
Aesculus californica: 6 35; 30 18; 48 27; 74 5; 80 24; 84 24
Aesculus hippocastanum: 49 53, 54; 62 4; 82 62; 93 51
aestivation: 73 17; 75 45; 76 21; 79 43
Aethionema grandiflora: 3 32
Aethionema iberideum: 3 32
Aethionema saxatile: 3 32; 82 61; 86 47
Aethionema 'Warley Rose': 11 42
afforestation: 91 30-35
Afghan sage: 47 47
African box: 4 4; 77 17
African boxthorn: 45 43
African daisies: 6 20; 45 33; 91 63, 64; 93 25
African Iris: 76 13
African Mahogany: 71 21
African Milk Bush: 73 61
African Plant Initiative: 49 9, 10
African Sandalwood: 81 19
African sumach: 91 64
African violets: 3 47; 15 43; 23 37; 44 56
Afrocarpus gracilior: 70 63
Agapanthaceae: 91 63
agapanthus: 1 18, 19; 2 9, 10, 23-25; 4 8; 5 10, 13, 32, 47; 11 9; 13 8; 16 18, 20, 62-64; 17 1, 43; 18 42, 53; 26 50; 37 8; 42 81; 43 16, 17, 60; 49 15; 51 19, 31; 52 22, 54; 53 31; 55 28;  57 24; 62 5, 38; 64 19, 38; 65 1; S(1) 2, 4; 67 44, 46; 69 36; 71 20; 77 21, 86; 79 54; 84 12; 87 29, 30, 55, 56; 88 31; 89 32, 44, 46
Agapanthus: 1 19; 4 12, 23, 32, 47; 19 27, 28; 20 20, 26, 28; 21 27; 27 24, 58; 42 81; 49 31; 59 6, 54; 62 9, 23; 63 22; 64 24, 25; S(1) 2, 3, 5; 67 12, 29; 69 49; 87 26, 28; 88 43; 91 63; 92 28; 94 49
Agapanthus, dwarf: 85 22
Agapanthus africanus: 2 23; 11 39; 52 32, 33; S(1) 2; 71 60, 61; 82 8
Agapanthus africanus 'Albus': 27 24; 36 5
Agapanthus 'Baby Blue': 37 8, 9
Agapanthus 'Blue Baby': 2 25; 57 18; S(1) 3
Agapanthus campanulatus: 42 81; 59 17
Agapanthus campanulatus 'Albus': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus campanulatus 'Isis': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus caulescens: 2 10
Agapanthus coddi: 2 10
Agapanthus comptonii: 2 10
Agapanthus 'Flore Pleno': 27 24
Agapanthus ‘Glenavon’: 85 21
Agapanthus Headbourne hybrids: 71 71
Agapanthus inapertus: 2 10, 25; 28 17; 37 8; S(1) 4
Agapanthus 'Loch Hope': 2 25; 37 8, 9; S(1) 4
Agapanthus longitubus: 2 10
Agapanthus ‘Queen Mum’: 85 21
Agapanthus ‘Navy’: 83 22
Agapanthus orientalis: 2 23; 34 1; S(1) 2
Agapanthus praecox: 2 10; 28 17; 50 10; 79 55; 82 31
Agapanthus praecox 'Plenus': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus praecox ssp. minimus: 2 26
Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis: 2 32; 40 27; 43 32; S(1) 2; 73 62
Agapanthus 'Streamline': 42 81
Agapanthus ‘Timaru’: 64 38
Agapanthus × 'Adelaide': 2 23; S(1) 3
Agapanthus × 'Blue Giant': 2 25; S(1) 3
Agapanthus × 'Inky Tears': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus × 'Lilliput': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus × 'Loch Hope': 2 25; S(1) 4
Agapanthus × 'Storms River': 2 26; S(1) 5
Agapanthus × 'Swan Lake': 2 24; S(1) 3
Agapanthus × 'Wavy Navy': 2 26; S(1) 5
Agaricus campestris: 16 22
Agathea coelestis: 42 8; 59 17
Agathis moorei: 49 13
Agathosma: 16 17; 19 36, 37, 39; S(1) 38-41; 71 21
Agathosma betulina: 19 37; S(1) 39
Agathosma ciliaris: 19 39; S(1) 40
Agathosma crenulata: 19 37, 39; S(1) 39
Agathosma imbricata: 19 37; S(1) 39
Agathosma obovata: 19 37; S(1) 39, 40
Agathosma thymifolia: 19 39; S(1) 40
agathosmas: 59 25
Agavaceae: 36 65; 91 59, 60
Agave: 5 20; 15 20, 39, 40; 17 18, 24; 18 16, 49, 69; 19 26, 27, 32, 33, 62, 82; 20 72; 21 67; 22 61, 62; 28 24; 39 17; 47 77; 59 7; S(1) 24; 68 15, 41; S(2) 29-37; 75 67; 81 54; 91 60; 93 25
Agave albescens: 8 10; S(2) 30
Agave americana: 8 9, 10; 9 54; 10 22; 19 32, 62, 82; 35 12; 43 9; 47 8; 54 16; 55 15; 57 57; 59 54; 62 49; 66 32; 68 16, 51; S(2) 29, 30; 74 40; 79 55; 81 15, 21; 82 8; 83 22; 86 47
Agave americana 'Ingens Variegata': 8 10; S(2) 30
Agave americana ‘Marginata’: 68 16; 79 40
Agave americana 'Medio Picta' : 8 10; S(2) 30
Agave americana 'Mediopicta Alba': 8 10; 21 67; 59 56; 69 42; S(2) 30
Agave americana 'Variegata': 8 9, 10; S(2) 30
Agave americana ssp. americana: S(2) 29
Agave americana ssp. americanavar. variegata: S(2) 29
Agave attenuata: 19 26; 68 41; 79 55; 81 15; 82 53
Agave beauleriana: S(2) 30; 79 55
Agave bracteosa: 8 9; S(2) 29
Agave colorata: 8 10; S(2) 30
Agave desmetiana ‘Variegata’: 69 42; 81 53
Agave ferdinandi-regis: 8 15; S(2) 35
Agave filifera: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave filifera ‘Compacta’: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave fourcroydes: 8 17; S(2) 37
Agave franzosinii: 3 8; 4 2, 5; S(2) 30; 77 16, 19; 79 55
Agave ghiesbreghtii: 79 56
Agave kerchovei: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave kerchovei ‘Miniata’: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave kerchovei var. variegata: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave lechuguilla: 8 11; S(2) 31
Agave lophantha: 8 11, 12; S(2) 31, 32
Agave parryi: 8 12; 69 42; S(2) 32
Agave parviflora: 84 45
Agave potatorum: 8 9, 13; 69 42; S(2) 29, 33; 79 55; 86 8
Agave potatorum var. verschaffelti: 8 13; S(2) 33
Agave sisalana: 8 17; 10 22; S(2) 37
Agave striata‘Zuccarini’: 8 12; S(2) 32
Agave stricta: 18 49; 37 10; S(2) 29, 31
Agave stricta 'Minor': 8 9, 12; S(2) 29, 32
Agave tequilana: 94 6
Agave titanota: S(2) 31
Agave toumeyana: 8 14; S(2) 34
Agave toumeyana 'Bella': 8 14; S(2) 34
Agave univitata var. postlegarii ‘Harworth’: 8 12; S(2) 32
Agave utahensis: 8 14; S(2) 34
Agave utahensis ssp. kaibabensis: S(2) 34
Agave utahensis ssp. utahensis: S(2) 34
Agave utahensis var. discreta: 8 15; S(2) 34
Agave utahensis var. eborispina: 8 14; S(2) 34
Agave utahensis var. kaibabensis: 8 15; S(2) 34
Agave utahensis var. nevadensis: 8 14; S(2) 34
Agave variegata: 81 15
Agave victoriae-reginae: 4 7; 8 9, 15; 26 49; S(2) 29, 34, 35; 77 20; 79 56; 81 15, 53; 82 8
Agave victoriae-reginae ssp. victoriae-reginae: S(2) 35
Agave xylonacantha: 8 15; S(2) 35; 86 8
Agave xylonacantha var. latifolia: 8 16; S(2) 35
Agave xylonacantha var. macrantha: 8 16; S(2) 35
Agave xylonacantha var. torta: 8 16; S(2) 35
Agave xylonacantha var. vittata: 8 15; S(2) 35
agave, American: 41 51
agave snout weevil: 81 21
agaves: 2 15; 3 4, 8; 4 3, 7; 5 13; 7 3; 8 9-17; 13 34, 35; 23 21, 23, 28; 25 15; 28 6; 31 11, 49; 32 7, 8, 54; 33 30, 39, 60; 35 46, 48; 38 71; 40 14; 42 75; 43 21; 45 36; 46 82; 49 22, 25; 52 26, 34; 53 31; 55 8, 14; 57 14, 25; 60 64; 61 71; 62 14, 49; 63 22; 66 32; 67 21; 69 39, 40, 42, 44; S(2) 29, 32, 32, 36, 37; 70 31; 71 52; 74 40; 77 19, 21; 78 9; 79 55, 56, 62; 80 14; 81 12, 15, 21; 82 39; 83 16, 22; 84 45; 86 8, 10; 87 48; 88 23; 89 19; 91 60; 92 28, 38; 94 6
ageratum: 26 29; 46 57
Agia Triada Monastery, Crete: 65 27-29, 31
Agioi Anargyroi Primary School: 57 57, 68, 69; 60 70; 66 49, 51, 52
Aglais urticae: 64 44
AGM 1998 report: 15 47-51
AGM 1999 report: 19 61-69
AGM 2000 report: 23 60-62
AGM 2001 report: 27 53-56
AGM 2002 report: 31 49- 58
AGM 2003 report: 35 63-70
AGM 2004 report: 39 58-65
AGM 2005 report: 43 57-65
AGM 2006 report: 47 45-55
AGM 2008 report: 55 64-70
AGM 2009 report: 59 52-63
AGM 2010 report: 63 52-59
AGM 2011 reports: 67 36-59
AGM 2012 report: 7148-59
AGM 2013 reports: 75 40-57
AGM 2014 reports: 79 46-62
AGM 2015 reports: 83 54-63
AGM 2016 reports: 87 44-60
AGM 2017 report: 91 1, 47-58
Agonis: 21 2, 25
Agonis flexuosa: 21 5; 70 63; 88 8
Agonis flexuosa 'Jervis Bay After Dark': 55 69
Agonis flexuosa ‘Variegata’: 88 9
agricultural biodiversity: 70 71
agricultural practices, traditional: 78 59
Agricultural Research Institute, Nicosia: 79 27; 93 44
agriculture: 24 50
Agrostemma githago: 3 32
agrostis: 35 40 
Agrostis spp.: 43 28; 69 36
agrotourism: 42 82; 74 57
Aicardi, Domenico: 82 67
ailanthus: 74 38
Ailanthus: 46 28; 60 45; 75 34; 78 6
Ailanthus altissima: 10 25; 14 39; 26 60; 30 27; 36 28; 40 35; 43 61; 46 33; 54 3-5, 22, 67, 68; 55 80; 59 1, 7; 63 12; 64 30; 70 4, 5; 83 16; 92 29
Ain Kassimou: 62 7
air layering: 81 53
air pollution: 63 9; 82 32
air quality: 71 26
air-water exchange: 76 29
Aitchley, Shirley Clifford: 12 17; 14 54; 50 27, 28; 77 32
Aizoaceae: 91 63, 64
Ajania pacifica: 57 46
ajuga: 5 20; 28 44; 46 92; 81 41, 43
Ajuga orientalis: 82 62
Ajuga pyramidalis: 81 43
Ajuga reptans: 46 32; 82 62
Ajuga reptans 'Purpurea': 49 31
Ajuga 'Silver Carpet': 15 19
akebia: 35 36
Akebia quinata: 2 9; 11 43; 19 47; 35 36; 56 33; 75 34; 77 64
Al-Andalus: 41 56, 57, 59; 67 7
Al-Aqsa Mosque: 63 43
Al-Rusâfi: 82 28
Al Shouf Nature Reserve: 85 13
Alameda: 82 31
Alauda arvensis: 86 19
Albarda: 89 3, 70; 92 3, 4-10, 65, 66
Albayzin: 80 5
Alberti, Leon Battista: 70 28; 74 29
albizia: 7 4; 30 71 
Albizia: 19 6, 8, 10; 22 13; 61 34
Albizia julibrissin: 1 11; 5 4; 10 8, 25; 11 43; 18 52; 19 6, 8, 10; 22 13; 32 21; 36 28; 47 8; 49 70; 53 19; 62 4, 56; 64 70; 71 34, 36; 72 9; 73 64; 78 11
Albizia julibrissin ‘Summer Chocolate’: 63 17
Albizia lebbeck: 73 64
Albufeira Nature Reserve: 82 27
Albury Botanic Garden: 19 4
Alcazar: 40 31; 41 62
Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos: 79 9: 80 8
Alcea pallida ssp. cretica: 9 1
Alcea rosea: 22 16; 76 13, 17; 83 16
Alcea rugosa: 72 39
Alcea setosa: 40 35; 76 13
Alchemilla mollis: 7 48
Alchemilla vulgaris: 17 33
alchemillas: 71 57
Alchornea davidii: 71 34
alder: 85 43
alder buckthorn: 64 41
Aldobrandini, Cardinal Pietro: 84 52
alecost: 14 6; 88 36
Alectrolophus pubescens: 9 31
Alectryon excelsus: 80 68
Aleppo: 22 15, 17, 18; 30 9-12
Aleppo pine: 3 44; 8 18; 23 61; 25 57; 28 7, 8, 14; 29 35; 31 9, 11; 35 17; 36 30; 37 16; 39 2, 47; 51 11, 12; 58 17, 20; 60 9; 62 14, 15; 64 29; 65 49; 67 15; 68 36; 70 46, 48; 71 33; 87 27
Aleppo soap: 60 57, 58, 60
Aleurites moluccana: 4 2; 13 12
Alexander of Macedon/the Great: 12 13; 52 65; 77 28
alexanders: 18 14; 57 35; 82 46
Alfábia: 15 48; 17 7; 57 55; 67 40-42, 49
alfafa: 8 50; 50 45; 70 54
algae:  8 39; 26 33, 42; 30 49; 56 61; 70 21
algae, oxygen-producing: 50 43
Algarve: 68 4, 5, 7, 9; 70 71
Algerian fir: 76 42
Algerian iris: 4 29; 59 15; 76 12; 93 34
Algerian ivy: 59 20; 70 35
algicide: 25 49; 30 49
Alhambra: 5 8, 9; 13 15-17, 42; 15 39; 16 14; 22 60, 61; 29 55; 41 63, 65, 66, 68, 73; 42 37; 43 65; 70 27; 79 4-9, 66; 80 5; 81 51; 83 41
Alhazen: 74 30
Ali Ben Ahmad: 70 27
Alice Keck Park: 91 50
alien plants/species: 51 8, 10, 15
Aligone: 43 14
alizarin: 53 43
alkaline conditions: 7 23; 11 48; 12 26, 32, 46; S(1) 29; 75 47; 77 62, 66; 83 15
alkaline soil: 8 25, 27; 10 1, 29, 30; 15 28, 32; 16 34; 23 33; 25 7, 23, 51; 26 6; 29 25, 68; 30 30, 38; 33 26; 35 34; 69 19, 20, 23, 24, 40, 41; 71 69; 72 11, 23; 73 1; 74 21; 78 38; 81 28; 94 21, 53
alkaline water: 26 40; 30 49; 69 19
alkalinity: 8 47; 67 29; 70 35
alkanet: 45 48
Alkanna chrysanthiana: 61 65
Alkanna orientalis: 25 40
Alkanna sartoriana: 61 65
Alkanna strigosa: 65 46
Alkanna tinctoria: 45 48
allamanda: 34 33
Allamanda: 56 33
Allamanda cathartica: 64 69
allelopathy: 70 42; 92 29
Alleluia Plant: 73 72
Allen, James: 68 31
allergenic plants: 86 64
allergy: 3 1; 7 6; 10 30; 50 38, 43; 60 38; 65 37; 70 63; 94 44
Alliaceae: 54 63
allium: 27 53, 66; 29 37, 39; 34 7; 37 34; 38 81; 42 53; 55 28; 59 50; 62 49; 72 22, 23; 73 69; 75 3, 63; 87 33-35
Allium: 15 18, 34, 57; 17 34, 58; 18 15, 62; 20 40; 22 15, 43; 23 52; 25 4; 60 55; 63 17; 81 20, 41; 84 61; 87 33-35, 37
Allium amethystinum: 18 62; 72 23
Allium ampeloprasum: 37 34; 48 10; 76 16
Allium angulosum: 72 23
Allium ascalonicum: 29 37
Allium atroviolaceum: 82 63
Allium brussalisii: 75 42
Allium bulgaricum: 20 40; 72 23
Allium cristophii: 64 37; 75 63
Allium clevelandii: 60 52
Allium erdelii: 65 46
Allium fistulosum: 17 34
Allium flavum: 75 63
Allium giganteum: 15 18
Allium glaucum: 72 23
Allium moly: 27 83
Allium neapolitanum: 3 34; 17 58; 20 40; 22 43; 45 13; 56 56; 65 48, 49
Allium nigrum: 25 44
Allium oleraceum: 87 33
Allium pseudoflavum: 60 52
Allium qasyunense: 65 48
Allium rosenbachianum: 1 15
Allium roseum: 17 58; 45 13; 81 20; 85 2
Allium sativum: 20 40; 82 45
Allium schoenoprasum: 10 17; 43 31; 75 22
Allium schoenoprasum ssp. schoenoprasum: 72 23
Allium scorodoprasum: 56 47
Allium siculum: 72 23
Allium sphaerocephalon: 3 34; 27 37; 45 13
Allium subhirsutum: 45 13
Allium tel-avivense: 65 50
Allium triquetrum: 3 34; 87 34; 89 59
Allium tuberosum: 10 27; 56 47; 74 46; 75 63
Allium vinale: 60 52, 55
Allocasuarina littoralis: 69 5
Allocasuarina verticillata: 37 21
allotments: 48 45, 49; 51 60, 62; 58 41; 94 46, 47
Alloxylon flammeum: 83 33
alluvial soil/alluvium: 24 38; 73 29; 79 18
almond: 1 53; 3 44; 4 32, 45; 5 33; 6 12, 25, 40; 7 9; 8 45; 9 13, 19, 20; 10 14, 15; 12 9, 23; 14 6; 15 48; 16 28, 29, 54, 55; 18 6, 15; 19 59; 20 18, 21; 23 29; 24 38; 25 38; 26 30, 49, 54; 27 38; 28 6, 24; 39 45; 42 6, 8, 14; 44 51; 45 54; 46 51, 94; 47 3; 48 10, 69; 49 22, 41; 51 59; 52 34; 53 8, 38; 56 31; 57 5, 10, 29, 58; 58 57; 59 30-33; 60 9; 61 48; 63 20; 64 2, 9, 31, 32; 65 42, 47; 66 30, 65; 67 5, 43, 44, 58; 69 61; 70 22; 71 34, 43; 72 28, 30-32, 48; 73 30; 76 41; 79 40; 81 17, 24; 83 18, 23; 84 14, 60; 85 19; 86 36, 37; 87 24; 88 35; 90 10, 22, 46; 91 11, 12; 92 26, 27
almond blossom: 73 24, 30
Alnus glutinosa: 73 60
Alnus orientalis: 44 71
Alnwick: 41 52
Alocasia: 46 18; 89 21
Alocasia macrorrhizos: 40 16; 47 25; 53 33; 83 61
Aloe: 55 14; 57 61; 59 7; 63 22; 68 15; 79 55; 82 49; 91 63; 93 23
Aloe aculeata: 46 48
Aloe africana: 46 48; 69 42; 86 6
Aloe andongensis: 86 6
Aloe angelica: 46 48
Aloe arborescens: 1 7; 10 3; 13 8; 28 24; 36 65; 52 10; 77 11; 79 55; 81 14, 16, 21; 83 22; 86 5, 6; 94 13
Aloe arborescens × ferox: 86 6
Aloe aristata: 21 67; 25 9; 56 27, 30; 86 8
Aloe bainesii: 4 2, 7; 31 49; 46 48; 77 16, 21; 79 55
Aloe barbadensis: 4 7; 77 21, 112
Aloe barberae: 46 48; 79 55
Aloe bellatula: 19 62
Aloe branddraaiensis: 46 49
Aloe brevifolia: 28 24
Aloe buhrii: 46 48; 86 5
Aloe caesia: 21 67; 28 24
Aloe cameronii: 4 7; 77 21
Aloe camperi: 86 6
Aloe capitata: 86 5
Aloe chabaudii: 46 48
Aloe claviflora: 86 8
Aloe ciliaris: 28 24; 36 65
Aloe cooperi: 86 5
Aloe ‘Cosmos’: 86 8
Aloe cryptopoda: 46 48
Aloe dichotoma: 46 48; 86 6
Aloe distans: 36 65; 86 8
Aloe divaricata: 81 51
Aloe ‘Dorothea’: 69 42
Aloe dorotheae: 86 6, 10
Aloe elgonica: 86 6
Aloe erinacea: 56 30
Aloe falcata: 46 48
Aloe ferox: 36 65; 46 48; 69 42; 71 21; 72 9; 86 6
Aloe fosteri: 46 49; 86 5
Aloe grandidentata: 36 65
Aloe greenii: 86 8
Aloe helenae: 86 6, 8
Aloe humilis: 52 67; 56 27, 28; 86 8
Aloe jacksonii: 86 6, 8
Aloe kedongensis: 86 6, 9
Aloe krapohliana: 56  29
Aloe lindenii: 17 30
Aloe longistyla: 56 28
Aloe lutescens: 46 48
Aloe maculata: 36 65; 46 49; 81 16; 86 5
Aloe marlothii: 36 65; 46 48; 69 42; 72 9; 86 6; 94 23
Aloe marlothii hybrid: 86 8
Aloe mcloughlinii: 86 9
Aloe melanacantha: 56 27, 30
Aloe mitriformis: 3 8; 36 65
Aloe mitriformis hybrid: 21 67
Aloe nyeriensis: 86 6, 9
Aloe parvibracteata: 46 49
Aloe peckii: 86 8, 11
Aloe peglerae: 56 29
Aloe pendens: 28 24; 86 6, 8
Aloe plicatilis: 36 13; 37 9; 46 48
Aloe polyphylla: 56 26
Aloe pratensis: 25 9; 56 29
Aloe reitzii: 46 48
Aloe reynoldsii: 46 48
Aloe rigens: 17 29
Aloe rupestris: 46 48; 86 6, 8
Aloe saponaria: 17 19; 25 9; 81 16; 86 5
Aloe somaliensis: 86 9
Aloe speciosa: 36 65
Aloe spicata: 46 48
Aloe striata: 25 9; 46 48; 94 23
Aloe striatula: 36 65
Aloe suprafoliata: 86 5
Aloe swynnertonii: 46 49
Aloe thraskii: 46 48; 69 42; 86 6, 10; 91 51
Aloe vaombe: 86 6, 9
Aloe vaotsanda: 86 6
Aloe variegata: 25 9; 56 27
Aloe vera: 10 23; 25 9; 65 54; 78 42; 86 5; 94 6
Aloe × 'Tegelberg's Triumph': 56 30
Aloe zebrina: 36 65
aloes: 3 8; 4 2, 7; 5 33; 6 13, 73; 12 8; 13 10, 14, 35; 15 40; 16 47; 17 19, 27-30; 19 27, 62; 21 67; 23 24; 25 9; 28 6; 30 23; 31 56; 32 54; 36 65; 37 14; 40 9; 42 9; 43 21; 46 47-50; 52 26, 30; 53 31, 70; 55 8; 56 25, 26, 28, 30; 57 57; 59 11; 61 23; 62 7; 66 6, 32; 67 11, 22, 73; 69 39, 40, 42; 71 19; 75 59-61; 77 21; 78 11; 79 55; 80 14, 39; 81 16; 82 24; 84 45; 85 16; 86 5-11; 87 48; 88 23; 89 16; 91 28, 63; 92 38; 93 36, 66; 94 6
aloes, acaulescent: 94 23
aloes, dwarf: 56 25
aloes, grass: 86 5
aloes, hybrid: 86 6
aloes, Lace Aloe: 56 27
aloes, maculate: 86 5
aloes, pendulous: 86 6
aloes, shrubby: 86 6
aloes, stemless: 86 5
aloes, tree: 4 7; 77 16; 86 6; 88 51; 91 16; 94 23
Alonsoa: 22 26; 62 23
Aloysia citriodora: 67 74; 75 26; 85 23; 92 31
Aloysia gratissima: 43 61
Aloysia triphylla: 10 33; 17 34; 19 62; 31 45; 36 27; 47 18; 51 52; 60 23
Aloysia virgata: 35 24; 85 23
Alpine Botanical Garden, Cogni: 87 34
Alpine Garden Society: 60 54
alpine zones: 62 66
alpines: 27 67; 30 61, 61; 61 29; 62 19; 80 15; 87 34, 68; 90 32
Al-Ru garden: 71 57, 69
alstroemeria: 31 53; 43 12; 56 11; 76 40; 89 45, 53; 91 61
Alstroemeria: 91 61
Alstroemeria ligtu: 72 70
Altdorfer, Albrecht: 74 29
Alternanthera aurea nana: 46 31
Alternanthera latifolia: 46 31
Alternanthera paronychoides major: 46 31
alternate cropping: 34 42; 77 53
Althaea: 27 18
Althaea cannabina: 40 46
Althaea officinalis: 59 47
Althen, Jean: 53 41
Alum Root: 6 35; 30 14, 16, 18
Alupka Palace, Yalta: 76 42
Alyogyne: 41 47; 56 10
Alyogyne hakeifolia: 1 12; 78 23
Alyogyne huegelii: 2 18; 38 68; 74 26; 78 22; 90 49
Alyogyne huegelii 'Santa Cruz': 1 12
Alyssoides cretica: 18 62
alyssum: 34 6; 53 56; 62 53
alyssum, golden: 64 51
Alyssum: 4 60; 82 61
Alyssum argenteum: 14 22; 17 32
Alyssum cypricum: 40 35
Alyssum 'Easter Basket': 25 17
Alyssum montanum: 11 42
Alyssum saxatile: 1 16; 3 32; 11 42; 20 40
Alytes muletensis: 71 67
Alyxia buxifolia: 79 50
Amanita aminoaliphatica: 83 69
Amaranthaceae: 37 22; 46 12; 79 35
amaranthus: 81 56
Amaranthus caudatus: 9 23; 56 46
Amaranthus cruentus: 46 12
Amaranthus gangeticus: 46 12
Amaranthus hypochondriacus: 46 12
Amaranthus spinosus: 56 46
Amaranthus tricolor: 46 12; 56 46
Amaranthus tricolor gigantea: 46 31
Amarilli: 70 33
Amaryllidaceae: 21 21; 27 23; 37 21; 51 6; 68 31; S(2) 17; 75 15; 77 40; 82 60; 88 58; 90 61, 62; 91 62, 64
amaryllis: 15 18; 16 18; 31 53; 79 54 
Amaryllis: 2 43; 20 26; 22 70; 25 51; 50 17; 72 22; 90 61
Amaryllis belladonna: 16 18; 20 26; 22 70; 25 51; 27 24; 28 47; 30 25; 35 38; 45 26; 49 15; 59 57; 64 24; 71 7, 8; 72 9; 77 66; 82 36; 89 16; 90 37
Amaryllis belladonna blanda: 20 26
Amaryllis belladonna 'Bold Pink': 25 51
Amaryllis belladonna 'Hathor': 25 51
Amazonian water lily: 4 8; 79 61
Ambelopsis: 22 55
Ambrosia artemisiifolia: 54 67; 70 6
ambrosia beetle: 24 42
amelanchier: 35 39, 65; 77 66
Amelanchier ovalis: 5 44; 73 48
American gardens: 64 59
American Ivy Society: 70 40
Amiandos mines: 61 65
amlou: 65 42
Ammanthus filiformis: 63 13
Ammobium alatum: 9 25
ammonia: 84 45
ammonium bicarbonate: 47 28; 50 69
ammonium carbonate: 50 69, 70; 81 48
ammonium phosphate: 50 69, 70
Ammophila arenaria: 41 18, 20
Ammophila littoralis: 21 41a
Amomyrtus luma: 18 23
Amorphophallus titanum: 7 24
Ampelon Garden: 91 16
Ampelodesmos mauritanicus: 51 15; 66 23; 89 57
Ampelopsis: 22 25
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata: 38 22
amphibians: 59 52, 66; 60 4; 63 58; 70 60
Amphilophium buccinatorium: 76 23; 83 74
Amphilophium laxiflorum: 76 23, 27; 78 65; 83 74
Amphithalea: 59 26
Amsonia tabernaemontana: 15 18; 73 64; 75 64
Amygdalus communis: 48 10
Anacamptis boryi: 88 46
Anacamptis coriophora: 61 51
Anacamptiscoriophorassp. fragrans: 93 58
Anacamptislaxiflora: 93 59
Anacamptismorio: 82 55, 63; 85 4
Anacamptis morio ssp. caucasus: 54 58
Anacamptispapilionacea: 85 3, 4
Anacamptispyramidalis: 70 48; 78 69; 81 20; 82 55, 58, 63
Anacamptis quadripunctata: 83 36, 39
Anacardiaceae: 91 61, 64
Anacardium occidentale: 74 71
Anacyclus radiatus: 18 6
anaerobic decomposition: 71 39
Anagallis: 14 35
Anagallis arvensis: 3 32; 22 44
Anagallis foemina: 22 44
Anagallis monellii: 3 32; 10 19; 18 62, 68
Anagyris foetida: 14 7; 19 52; 29 24, 27; 40 45; 63 6
Ananas comosus: 69 15
Anapalina caffra: 59 25
Anas platyrhynchos: 68 25
Anchusa: 6 33; 21 23, 26; 69 26
Anchusa azurea: 3 32; 65 46
Anchusa capensis: 21 23; 77 42
Anchusa crispa: 85 4; 86 4
Anchusa undulata: 82 61
Anchusa variegata: 16 27; 50 27
anchusas: 57 23
ancient trees: 63 12; 65 59, 60
Andalucian Plant Germplasm Bank: 43 57
andesite: 87 39
Andresen, João Henrique: 94 4, 6
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 49 9
Androcymbium: 21 20
Androcymbium burchellii: 21 20; 77 40
Androcymbium burchellii ssp. pulchrum: 77 40  
Androcymbium gramineum: 23 52; 73 66; 81 57
Androcymbium pulchrum: 21 20
Andromeda: 21 12
Androsace kochii: 60 52
Androuet du Cerceau: 74 29
Andryala: 39 71
Anemone: 1 8; 19 30, 78; 20 15; 77 12; 94 14
Anemone appenina: 80 16; 85 4
Anemone blanda: 2 16; 3 34; 19 30; 20 40; 42 7, 84; 61 50; 62 49; 80 16, 55
Anemone coronaria: 1 42; 2 32; 8 41; 12 34; 19 30; 20 40; 36 46; 57 3; 58 58; 59 56; 63 34; 65 47, 48; 66 6; 68 37; 70 9, 11; 71 71; 76 15; 77 103; 80 6, 55; 83 3
Anemone hortensis: 3 34; 64 54; 70 10
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica: 41 44
Anemone palmata: 16 29
Anemone pavonina: 8 22; 20 40; 39 55; 58 58; 66 6; 70 10; 83 1; 84 26
Anemone ranunculoides: 73 48
Anemone × fulgens: 30 9; 42 7
Anemone × hybrida: 19 65, 68; 42 7; 75 8
anemone, crown: 76 15
anemone, wood: 74 61
anemones: 8 41; 23 30; 27 65; 28 49; 35 51; 42 14, 71; 45 16; 47 3; 49 21, 31, 34, 40; 56 12; 57 56; 58 58; 65 48, 51; 72 22; 75 3; 76 14; 78 62; 80 16; 81 44, 72; 83 1; 84 54; 86 43; 88 44; 89 10, 44; 91 61
anemones, Japanese: 5 10; 14 18; 19 65, 68; 47 47; 75 8; 78 33; 83 59; 89 16
Anethum graveolens: 20 40; 75 22; 83 70
angelica: 6 33; 42 64; 64 40
Angelica archangelica: 20 40; 42 64
Angels’ Fishing Rods: 33 28
Angels’ Trumpets: 8 4; 29 16; 31 22; 46 14; 53 50, 52; 93 13
angiosperms; 92 63
Anigozanthus: 43 14, 15; 51 6; 89 19
Anigozanthus 'Bush Lantern': 24 11
Anigozanthus 'Bush Pearl: 24 12
Anigozanthus flavidus: 3 52; 21 29, 67; 57 21; 91 59
Anigozanthus manglesii: 58 47
Anigozanthus 'Red Cross': 21 67
Anigozanthus rufus: 21 6
animal behaviour: 47 79
animal life: 51 45
animal pests 18 3
animal species: 51 46
animals: 8 48, 51; 27 11, 15; 44 58; 47 51; 63 58; 66 42, 43, 64;70 6, 24, 34; 71 9, 36, 57; 73 33; 78 45; 79 45;83 7, 12, 70; 87 20, 23, 25, 34, 76
animals – antelope: 21 21; 58 48; 77 41
animals – asps: 25 1
animals – baboons: 59 24; 70 63; 89 34
animals – badgers: 24 70; 28 25; 44 30; 63 24, 55; 87 75; 92 56, 57
animals – Barbary macaques: 81 56, 57
animals – bats: 5 40; 6 1; 7 7; 38 43; 83 6; 85 45
animals – bears, brown: 82 56, 60
animals – beech marten: 46 103; 63 55
animals – blindworms: 7 26
animals – browsing: 80 57
animals – bulls, fighting: 41 67; 43 64
animals – bushbuck: 59 24
animals – bushpigs: 59 24
animals – cats: 5 40; 7 27; 9 28; 10 20; 28 19, 44; 29 44, 45;30 32; 31 47, 48; 32 8; 34 37; 36 34, 38;41 47-50, 70; 43 47, 79; 46 101; 48 76-78;49 20, 32, 33; 51 60; 55 54; 56 11; 58 55, 71;60 4, 11, 43; 63 24; 68 52; 69 15; 70 2, 16;71 26; 72 36; 77 48; 79 41; 80 14, 43; 85 8, 27, 52;89 5; 90 36; 91 67. 77; 92 10; 93 49, 53
animals – cattle: 44 6, 8; 50 43; 57 26; 58 69; 60 40; 63 8; 66 62;67 55, 68; 70 46; 72 47; 83 70; 84 40; 85 5; 88 10
animals – chameleon: 16 19; 31 48; 78 45
animals – chipmunks: 34 15
animals – cows: 9 22; 26 12; 28 19; 43 51; 47 79; 58 14; 60 15;71 31; 72 47; 77 111; 87 40; 90 36
animals – coyotes: 24 1; 30 13; 44 8; 46 101; 47 77; 84 22;90 15
animals – deer: 7 20; 15 2; 17 5; 18 3, 55, 70; 21 17; 22 48;24 1; 27 60; 29 46; 30 13, 16; 34 15; 42 49;44 8, 30; 59 24; 63 7, 8; 65 1; S(1) 11; 72 60;74 5, 12; 75 40; 81 45; 84 22, 25; 86 34; 87 75;90 58
animals – dogs: 26 37; 28 42, 44; 29 42-44; 32 69; 34 15;40 19; 42 53, 54; 43 47, 48, 51, 79; 44 59; 45 48;47 79; 49 34, 37; 50 24; 53 23; 54 47; 56 65;58 55; 59 25, 30, 33; 60 4, 18; 61 17; 62 55;63 8; 66 72; 67 32; 68 16, 52; 72 23, 28, 36;73 49; 81 18; 83 30; 84 26, 42; 85 36, 37;86 37, 42-47; 87 3, 14, 35, 37, 47; 90 27, 28, 58;91 40; 93 49
animals – donkeys: 24 33; 26 52; 30 52; 31 5, 48; 41 41; 46 77;49 23; 53 57; 58 8; 62 15; 64 33; 79 20; 81 55;83 63, 70
animals – dormouse: 83 16
animals – duiker: 21 18; 77 38
animals – echidnas: 71 57; 92 38
animals – eland: 21 18; 77 38
animals – elephants: 63 6; 88 57
animals – elephants, dwarf: 54 1
animals – elks: 50 45
animals – fieldmice: 30 16; 36 38
animals – foxes: 6 1; 19 59; 28 25; 29 47; 30 13; 32 69; 34 15;44 8; 47 77; 59 1; 65 44; 90 58; 92 56
animals – foxes, bat-eared: 21 18; 77 38
animals – frogs: 4 14; 5 40; 6 1; 7 26; 8 39; 23 30; 25 32; 28 25;38 43, 80, 85; 39 2; 42 78; 44 52, 70; 46 62, 63;49 23; 54 55; 70 21; 75 35; 78 45, 55; 82 21;85 45; 92 4; 94 38
animals – frogs, banjo: 71 51
animals – frogs, tree: 4 14; 5 19; 30 6; S(2)11
animals – gazelle: 30 6
animals – geckos: 5 40; 6 1; 40 41, 65; 78 45; 92 32
animals – goats: 1 4; 8 45; 16 24; 17 40; 18 25, 28, 70; 20 37;23 23, 29; 24 30, 31; 26 12; 31 31, 59; 36 46, 52;40 41; 42 70, 76; 43 8; 44 6; 45 16, 17, 19, 53;47 51; 50 43; 52 53; 56 55, 57; 57 9, 29;58 8, 38; 61 10; 63 8, 23, 26, 55, 60; 65 40, 41;S(1) 30; 66 6, 43; 67 61, 62; 70 46; 72 47; 73 34;74 45, 53; 75 54; 77 8, 119; 78 36; 80 39; 86 48, 49; 88 30, 45; 91 10, 32, 53; 92 26; 93 30; 94 10
animals – gophers: 7 20; 17 5; 44 8; 65 1; S(1) 11; 66 71
animals – grass snake: 25 32; 42 39
animals – hares: 29 45, 46; 44 30; 63 24; S(1) 30; 83 16
animals – hedgehogs: 5 40; 6 1; 23 30; 24 70; 25 32; 28 25; 48 54; 58 71; 60 4; 63 24; 85 45
animals – hippopotamus: 63 7, 8
animals – hogs: 50 43
animals – honey badgers: 59 24
animals – horses: 31 5; 44 6, 25; 40 19; 41 51, 67; 44 6, 25; 46 77; 50 43; 67 25, 41; 70 46; 72 47; 83 70; 90 63; 92 26
animals – horses, wild: 89 59
animals – jackals: 28 25; 84 9
animals – kangaroos: 32 69; 37 2; 66 62; 68 65, 67; 71 51, 57, 58; 93 52
animals – koalas: 68 67; 71 55, 57, 58; 92 41; 93 52
animals – kri-kri: 63 60
animals – leopards: 58 48; 88 54; 89 40
animals – lizards: 4 14; 5 40; 6 1; 7 6, 26; 8 18; 20 47; 30 52; 31 48, 58; 36 38, 45; 38 43, 44, 80; 41 49; 46 62; 47 80; 48 5, 8; 61 52; 66 19; 67 53; 71 74; 78 45, 69; 85 40, 42, 43; 86 36; 87 41; 89 54; 91 55; 92 32
animals – lizards, green: 83 11
animals – lizards, ocellated: 79 19
animals – lizards, wall: 83 11
animals – llamas: 58 8
animals – loggerhead turtle: 40 44
animals – martens: 9 31; 28 25
animals – mice: 9 28; 16 19; 20 47; 28 44; 34 37; 41 50; 47 77, 79; 63 7; 78 45; 94 38
animals – Mississippi map turtles: 41 46
animals – moles: 6 54, 55; 7 26-28; 24 70; 29 46; 58 54-56; 59 56; 60 43; 82 34; 87 75
animals – mongooses: 16 19; 21 18; 59 24; 70 2; 77 38
animals – monkeys: 89 53; 91 45
animals – mountain gorillas: 66 64
animals – mountain lions: 24 1; 30 13; 44 8; 84 22
animals – mules: 26 13; 30 52; 31 18; 46 77; 56 7; 58 38; 64 33; 83 63; 86 43
animals – Nubian ibex: 65 44
animals – opossums: 46 101; 47 77
animals – otters: 59 24
animals – oxen: 81 55; 83 70
animals – pandas: 41 51; 66 64
animals – pigs: 8 45; 28 11; 33 48; 47 50; 50 43; 54 51; 56 65; 61 10; 62 12; 72 47; 88 47; 89 72; 90 4
animals – pine marten: 33 64; 36 38
animals – polecats: 63 24
animals – pollinators: 21 22
animals – ponies, Exmoor: 57 26
animals – pony: 86 39
animals – porcupines: 16 19; 33 80; 36 34; 59 12, 24; 60 32; 71 71; 88 58
animals – possums: 74 25, 27; 75 16; 78 14; 83 30; 88 3, 9, 11, 25; 89 34; 92 24
animals – rabbits: 4 43; 9 23; 18 3, 70; 29 45, 46; 41 71; 42 70, 76; 43 47, 79, 80; 44 30; 45 21; 48 31; 51 82; 54 51; 57 25, 58; 58 38, 40, 41; 65 1; S(1) 30; 68 65; 69 41; 70 52, 54; 81 18, 21, 22; 87 75; 90 13; 91 10; 94 38
animals – raccoons: 15 2; 38 44; 44 8; 46 101; 47 77
animals – rats: 25 53; 27 34; 28 15, 19; 36 38; 47 78; 48 53; 72 37, 47; 78 47; 91 10
animals – rhinoceros: 89 54
animals – rock hyrax: 65 44
animals – salamander: 82 58
animals – sea lions: 55 64; 71 58
animals – sea otters: 46 101; 47 77; 55 64
animals – seals: 55 64; 71 58
animals – sheep: 1 4, 5; 5 53; 6 23; 7 7; 8 45; 9 22; 10 33; 19 52, 56; 20 16; 21 19, 21, 23; 23 3, 23, 29, 49, 51; 24 38, 58; 26 12, 54; 31 59; 36 44; 38 32, 35, 50; 40 41, 42; 42 70, 76; 43 8; 44 8, 29; 45 16, 53; 47 79; 48 20; 50 43; 52 53; 55 19, 22; 57 26-29; 58 33, 49; 61 10; 62 71; 63 8, 26; S(1) 30; 6 62; 67 31, 41, 68; 70 46; 72 47; 73 34, 39, 40; 74 43, 45; 77 8, 39, 41, 43; 78 36; 83 14, 35, 70; 84 40; 85 72; 88 30; 91 53; 94 10, 11, 32
animals – shrews: 7 26; 24 70
animals – skinks: 60 4
animals – skunks: 38 44
animals – small: 48 8; 59 24; 62 15; 74 5; 75 35; 84 23, 25
animals – snakes: 4 14; 20 31; 23 30; 28 25; 30 52; 31 3, 47; 41 49; 50 69; 53 23; 69 5; 70 2; 71 45, 50, 74; 72 52; 78 45; 81 72
animals – snakes, green whip: 83 12
animals – snakes, horned vipers: 83 16
animals – squirrels: 6 34; 25 1; 27 14; 30 13, 17; 44 55; 60 11; 71 38; 74 5; 85 43; 90 58; 94 38
animals – steenbok: 21 18; 77 38
animals – tadpoles: 29 48
animals – terrapins: 8 39; 41 46; 60 4; 89 63
animals – tigers: 66 64
animals – toads: 4 14; 5 40; 6 1; 28 25; 56 63; 60 4; 75 35; 85 43, 45
animals – tortoises: 1 48-51; 4 14; 5 40; 15 73; 16 19, 22; 21 18; 24 70; 29 44; 30 6, 27; 35 28; 40 41; 46 62; 48 53; 51 45, 46; 54 4; 58 71; 60 4; 61 17; 62 27; 71 44; 72 35; 77 38; 79 41; 83 2; 84 26; 87 44
animals – tree rats: 27 38
animals – turtles: 31 49; 40 45; 58 15; 90 15; 93 22
animals – vervet monkeys: 16 19
animals – voles: 7 26; 60 43; 83 12
animals – wallabies: 32 69; 37 2; 69 5; 71 57, 58
animals – water snakes: 7 26; 8 39
animals – whales: 44 8
animals – wild animals: 50 44
animals – wild boar: 19 13; 25 38, 39; 29 46, 47; 33 80; 34 15; 37 31; 38 32; 40 47; 49 16; 50 22; 55 24; 56 20; 58 54; 85 4; 87 75; 88 6; 90 58; 92 55, 56
animals – wildcat: 82 57
animals – wild dogs: 27 17
animals – wild pigs: 44 43
animals – wolves: 90 58
animals – wombats: 93 48
animals, invasive: 70 6
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii: 85 28
anise: 81 21; 82 44, 45
Anisodontea capensis: 1 12; 6 27; 11 44; 66 32; S(2) 13
Anisodontea malvastroides: 59 6
Ankyropetalum gypsophiloides: 59 43
Anomatheca laxa var. alba: 20 26
Annan, Kofi: 46 70
Annona: 59 21
Annona cherimola: 13 14
Annona reticulata: 69 15; 70 14; 74 71
Annona squamosa: 74 72
annual crops: 64 32; 84 40; 93 40
annuals: 4 17, 28, 42, 44; 6 44; 8 7, 44; 9 23; 10 1; 15 7; 19 56; 20 16, 27, 38, 43; 21 26, 48; 22 12, 15, 59; 25 12, 17, 19; 28 29; 35 34; 44 35; 45 14, 16, 24, 27, 44, 62, 64; 46 9-11, 13, 14, 16, 21, 35, 37, 73, 83, 99; 47 2, 6, 9, 13, 20, 41, 62; 48 14; 50 1; 51 12-15; 53 37, 38, 66; 54 61; 56 42, 55; 57 4; 58 20; 59 2, 4, 25; 61 2, 9; 62 31, 57; 63 6; 64 37; 65 22, 24-26; S(1) 17, 19; 67 9, 11; 68 2, 5, 27; 69 26, 57, 65; 71 29, 34, 56; 73 66; 74 3, 4, 34, 40, 51, 68; 75 1, 25, 62; 76 10-12; 77 36, 62, 116; 78 43, 45, 60, 65, 69; 79 14; 80 39, 42, 54; 83 28, 46; 84 23, 26, 29, 31 57; 85 20, 27, 43; 86 43, 45; 87 39, 41; 88 39, 41; 89 40, 55; 90 6, 39, 49, 67
annuals, spring: 84 26, 28, 34
Anomatheca: 56 9
Anomatheca laxa: 88 15
Anomatheca laxa var. alba: 20 26
Anredera cordifolia: 4 15
anthemis: 12 8
Anthemis: 7 36; 56 55
Anthemis arvensis: 69 43; 79 14
Anthemis chia: 45 16; 56 55; 65 8; 84 28
Anthemis cotula: 18 6
Anthemis maritima: 41 20
Anthemis nobilis: 43 31; 56 55
Anthemis tinctoria: 3 32; 18 6
Anthemis × 'Susanna Mitchell': 30 23
Anthericum liliago: 3 32; 20 40; 54 54; 72 70; 87 68
Antholyza aethiopica: 13 14
Anthriscus cereifolium: 20 40
Anthurium andraeanum: 83 61
Anthyllis aurea: 82 62; 87 68
Anthyllis barba-jovis: 21 42; 22 37, 38; 29 24, 27; 43 44; 50 11; 59 7; 62 16; 73 16; 74 34; 75 11; 76 21, 22; 85 32; 88 41; 89 72; 91 39
Anthyllis flos-jovis: 1 16
Anthyllis hermanniae: 2 31; 87 41
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. praepropera: 73 43; 83 38
antibiotics: 56 62, 65
anti-desertification: 67 15
antidotes: 55 58, 60
anti-flooding system: 70 17
antioxidants: 58 37
antirrhinum: 9 1; 51 60; 42 8; 59 13; 79 8
Antirrhinum: 4 28; 6 13, 26; 21 57; 49 70
Antirrhinum barrelieri: 74 48; 78 65
Antirrhinum elatine: 57 40
Antirrinum glutinosum: 74 48; 86 26
Antirrhinum hispanicum: 74 46; 86 26, 29
Antirrhinum majus: 3 32; 20 40; 28 39; 54 24; 67 62; 70 26, 29
Antirrhinum siculum: 45 14; 76 22
antiseptic: 42 64
anti-weed fleece: 23 58
ants: 4 44; 5 28-30; 8 18; 10 48; 27 26; 60 42; 63 33, 36, 45; 65 45; 77 102, 105; 79 68; 83 4; 93 55
aphid repellent/concoction: 63 72; 87 32
aphids: 1 9, 53; 4 10, 11; 5 28; 6 22, 57; 7 41, 42; 8 37; 10 20, 54; 11 52; 13 28; 14 28; 16 39, 54, 55; 17 48, 49; 26 27; 28 27, 49; 33 31; 49 70; 54 6, 68; 60 5, 42, 43, 46; 61 37 S(1) 17, 21; 72 34; 74 21; 75 33; 80 29; 85 53; 89 31; 90 46; 94 16
aphids, root: 72 43
Aphis nerii: 60 42; 75 33
aphrodisiac: 75 28
Aphrodite's Mirror: 56 55
Aphrodite's Spurge: 59 53; 93 44
Aphyllanthaceae: 73 2
Aphyllanthes: 50 6, 7; 57 41
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis: 5 45; 49 7; 50 7; 57 5, 42, 48; 73 2; 77 81; 79 22; 80 22; 86 28
Apiaceae: 5 41; 70 70; 82 60; 91 61
apical buds: 62 58, 59
apical dominance: 62 59
Apocynaceae: 25 32; 34 33; S(2) 24, 25; 91 61
Apollonias barbujana: 39 69
Aponogeton distachyos: 8 37; 41 71; 45 20; 56 3; 69 49
apple, Bull's Muzzle: 56 53
apple, Convent: 56 53
apple, Golden Delicious: 56 6
apple, Granny Smith: 25 51
apple, Red Delicious: 56 6
Apple Box: 69 6
apple mint: 10 42, 43; 40 17; S(2) 27, 28
Apple of Sodom: 65 45; 76 9
apples: 6 15, 29; 9 16; 10 12; 24 55; 25 51, 52, 60; 29 12; 32 8; 34 42; 42 79; 43 49; 44 29, 43; 46 79; 47 22; 48 49; 49 24, 44; 50 68; 51 80; 53 24, 38; 54 38, 46; 56 5, 42, 49, 52, 53; 58 32; 60 65; 62 58, 61, 62; 64 15, 19, 24, 70; 65 45, 47; 66 41; 67 58; 70 12, 25; 73 27, 32, 35; 77 53; 79 49; 80 28; 85 9, 12; 88 53, 61; 89 53; 91 11; 92 27; 93 5, 49
apples, crab: 47 33; 49 22
Apricot Mallow: 31 52
apricots:  5 29; 6 26, 40; 8 45; 10 14; 12 23; 17 55; 19 6, 8; 20 1; 22 11, 13, 23; 23 30; 24 38; 26 54; 28 11; 30 51; 45 54; 48 41; 49 22, 24; 52 15; 53 38, 56; 57 29; 60 65; 62 33, 58, 59; 63 24; 65 28; 70 22; 71 60; 73 27; 80 28; 81 18; 85 9, 12; 89 8; 92 27
aptenia: 10 22; 23 24
Aptenia: 43 31
Aptenia cordifolia: 2 28; 8 23; 11 39; 12 30; 23 75; 28 24; 30 53; 39 30; 43 32; 54 19; 61 69; 63 22, 25; 65 8; 84 38
Aptenia lancifolia: 3 39
aquaculture: 84 42, 43
aquatic plants: 4 46; 8 36-38; 9 1; 15 6; 23 61; 40 19; 41 13;
69 49; 72 8; 77 21, 35; 82 7; 84 43
aquaponics: 84 42, 43
aqueducts: 28 4, 8, 51; 29 10, 14; 70 25; 84 45, 46; 85 45, 46; 87 25
aquifers: 6 17; 53 3; 67 7; 85 57; 87 24; 92 52, 54
aquilegia: 11 30; 15 18; 17 56; 34 13; 43 13; 51 60; 55 28; 56 9; 57 51; 65 33; 70 32; 78 62; 91 14
Aquilegia: 20 46, 69; 21 26
Aquilegia discolor: 20 69
Aquilegia formosa: 6 35
Arab Bath, Palma de Mallorca: 69 69
Arab gardens: 28 37
Arabidopsis thaliana: 57 40
Arabis alpina: 25 41
Arabis kennedyae: 68 56
Arabis thaliana: 57 40
Araceae: 52 61; 82 60; 91 64; 93 60
Arachis hypogaea: 57 33
aralia: 29 69
Araliaceae: 70 35; 82 60
Aranjuez: 15 68; 18 60
Arar: 21 48
araucaria: 18 7, 9; 26 65; 37 14
Araucaria: 6 17
Araucaria angustifolia: 71 33
Araucaria araucana: 21 58; 36 32; 44 38; 71 33; 89 22, 23
Araucaria bidwillii: 21 58; 37 14
Araucaria columnaris: 18 7; 36 32; 58 25; 62 29; 64 25
Araucaria cunninghamii: 3 7; 13 12; 71 52; 83 31
Araucaria excelsa: 18 7; 19 22; 64 25
Araucaria heterophylla: 18 7; 83 31; 88 16; 92 9
Araucaria rulei: 21 15
Araucaria, Cook: 36 32
Araucaria, coral reef: 36 32
Araujia sericifera: 11 43; 19 47; 35 40; 38 30; 56 33; 65 8; 75 34
arbor/arbour: 9 16; 24 8, 10; 27 10; 35 36; 58 25; 62 29; 67 41; 77 64; 93 25, 26
arboretum: 53 19; 61 66; 76 41, 42, 59, 68; 82 25, 26; 94 7
Arboretum of Los Angeles County: 21 54; 22 68; 27 79; 28 1, 31, 58-61; 29 63; 31 59; 87 9
arboretum, archaeological: 56 49
Arboretum, University of California at Santa Cruz: 52 69; 55 69
Arboretum, University of California, Davis: 29 66
Arbor-Vitae: 21 47, 48; 27 6
arbuscular mycorrhizae: 64 48
arbutus: 10 8; 28 13; 34 7; 40 47, 64; 44 42, 43; 46 53, 60; 49 25, 68; 50 9; 51 23; 53 12, 23; 60 9; 62 14; 66 10; 72 6, 39; 77 90; 79 51, 62; 82 25; 86 25
Arbutus: 4 50; 5 33; 6 14, 24; 9 18; 18 2, 6, 22; 19 6, 68; 20 39, 40, 71; 21 28, 46; 22 38, 39, 41, 52; 40 46; 49 48; 61 34; 72 7, 8; 86 28
Arbutus andrachne: 3 30; 7 49; 10 8; 20 71; 24 30, 32; 29 24, 27; 33 40; 39 16, 55; 40 34, 40, 42; 49 68; 68 39; 76 42; 80 22; 85 36
Arbutus andrachne 'Marina': 24 11
Arbutus andrachnoides: 19 6; 20 71
Arbutus canariensis: 33 39; 52 17
Arbutus canariensis× andrachne: 48 23
Arbutus × reyorum ‘Marina’: 91 49, 60
Arbutus 'Compacta': 33 39
Arbutus glandulosa: 29 24, 27; 31 10; 82 25
Arbutus 'Marina': 33 40
Arbutus menziesii: 27 14; 29 24, 27; 36 25; 79 8; 82 25
Arbutus 'Quercifolia': 33 39
Arbutus 'Red Elf': 33 39
Arbutus 'Rubra': 18 22; 33 39
Arbutus unedo: 1 5, 16; 3 30; 6 14; 11 25; 14 25, 26; 18 6, 23; 20 40, 71; 21 28; 22 38, 39, 41, 70; 27 14; 28 13; 32 6; 33 39; 35 6; 36 8, 25, 28; 39 16; 44 41; 45 53; 47 3, 8, 51; 49 44, 68; 51 41; 52 40; 53 17, 19; 59 31; 60 57; 62 43, 56; 63 15; 64 46; 66 35; 67 58; 71 30, 39, 50; 73 43; 75 42, 56, 71; 77 9, 97, 110; 78 36; 80 1, 22; 81 17, 18; 82 53; 83 62; 84 13, 56; 85 31; 87 45; 89 8; 90 60; 92 8; 93 11; 94 11
Arbutus unedo 'Marina': 45 57
Arbutus unedo ‘Rubra’: 18 22; 29 24, 27
Arbutus × andrachnoides: 22 70; 33 40; 71 34
Arbutus xalapensis: 33 41; 82 25
Arcadia: 44 19, 25, 33
archaeobotany: 63 58
archaeophytes: 42 69; 79 34
architectural plants: 69 44; 85 31, 50; 86 56
architecture, neoclassical: 46 4
Archontophoenix: 80 13
Archontophoenix alexandrae: 33 54; 83 61
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana: 4 2; 32 30; 77 16
Arcimboldo: 78 49
Arctanthemum arcticum: 74 46
Arctium lappa: 57 35
Arctostaphylos: 24 15, 16, 19; 28 29, 69; 30 18; 35 21; 36 70; 44 16; 45 61; 74 5; 84 24; 91 60
Arctostaphylos denisflora 'Sentinel': 24 16; 81 45
Arctostaphylos densiflora: 6 35; 81 44
Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Emerald Carpet': 24 16; 27 6
Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Howard McMinn': 35 21; 81 45
Arctostaphylos 'Emerald Carpet': 35 22
Arctostaphylos edmundsii: 82 16
Arctostaphylosglandulosassp. crassifolia: 91 49
Arctostaphyloos glauca: 91 49
Arctostaphylos hookeri: 35 22
Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Wayside': 24 16
Arctostaphylos manzanita: 35 21; 36 71
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Dr Hurd': 24 16; 36 25
Arctostaphylos 'Monterey Carpet': 35 22
Arctostaphylos nummularia: 35 22
Arctostaphylos otayensis: 91 49
Arctostaphylos pajaroensis: 86 32
Arctostaphylos pajaroensis ‘Paradise’: 69 38
Arctostaphylos patula: 24 15
Arctostaphyloos pringlei: 91 49
Arctostaphylos pungens: 31 58
Arctostaphylos 'Sunset': 48 27
Arctostaphylos uva-ursis: 35 22; 57 17
Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora: 72 8
arctotis: 19 28; 20 26; 21 18   
Arctotis: 91 63
Arctotis aspera: 1 20
Arctotis hirsuta: 21 18; 77 38
Arctotis stoechadifolia: 36 13
Arctotis × hybrida: 71 70
Ardryalain integrifolia: 16 32
Areca catechu: 68 51
Arecaceae: 68 41
Arecastrum romanzoffianum: 13 14; 32 30; 33 54
Arenga engleri: 33 55; 40 3, 25; 41 15; 81 12
Arenga pinnata: 68 51
argan oil: 65 40-42
argan trees: 61 10; 65 39; 73 65
Argania spinosa: 65 39; 81 55
Arge berberidis: 94 41
argemone: 6 52 
Argemone: 93 3
Argemone ochroleuca: 59 3, 70
Argynnis adippe: 64 41
Argynnis aglaja: 64 41
Argynnis paphia: 64 41
Argyranthemum: 39 13, 71; 50 12; 69 37; 77 72
Argyranthemum adauctum ssp. jacobaefolium: 39 70
Argyranthemum broussonetii: 39 9, 71; 77 68
Argyranthemum callichrysum: 39 10, 13; 77 69, 72
Argyranthemum foeniculaceum: 39 9; 77 68
Argyranthemum frutescens: 4 23; 11 39; 26 30; 39 9, 71; 40 25; 77 68; 86 26
Argyranthemum maderense: 39 13; 77 72
Argyrocytisus battandieri: 77 112; 94 54
Argyroupolis Seconday School Environment Group: 2 1, 29-33
Argyropoulou, Katy: 88 35, 36
Arid Lands Botanic Garden: 91 13
Aridaria: 39 13; S(2) 22
Ariosto: 51 66
Arisarum proboscideum:63 34; 77 103
Arisarum simorrhinum: 16 29; 23 49
Arisarum vulgare: 3 32; 15 26; 22 43; 23 49; 56 56; 70 9; 81 20; 88 12
Aristea confusa: 16 18
Aristea ecklonis: 1 16
Aristea ensifolia: 59 25
Aristea macrocarpa: 59 25
Aristea pusilla: 16 18
Aristea thyrsiflora: 59 25
Aristolochia: 1 21; 31 53
Aristolochia altissima: 3 30
Aristolochia californca: 84 24
Aristolochia elegans: 75 50
Aristolochia fontanesii: 82 60
Aristolochia gigantea: 75 3
Aristolochia hirta: 56 57; 61 51
Aristolochia littoralis: 67 40; 75 50
Aristolochia longa: 82 60
Aristolochia paecilantha: 84 7
Aristolochia rotunda: 17 58; 93 37
Aristolochia scabridula: 84 7
Aristolochia sempervirens: 25 44; 79 55
Aristolochiaceae: 82 60
Aristotle: 12 13; 30 35; 77 28; 79 35; 86 16
Arizona ash: 28 31
Arizona Citrus Growers' Association: 48 56
Arizona cypress: 28 31
Arlington Garden: 46 100; 88 64; 91 53, 72
Armenian Academy of Sciences Institute of Botany: 54 63
Armeria arenaria: 74 46
Armeria canescens: 82 63
Armeria corsica: 3 32
Armeria fasciculata: 18 62
Armeria hirta: 78 65
Armeria maritima: 3 32; 30 18; 38 28; 43 31; 49 31; 55 1; 66 31; 73 12; 91 60
Armeria plantaginea: 3 32
Armeria pungens: 18 62; 72 14; 73 12; 89 62
Armeria soleirolii: 18 62
Armillaria gallica: 64 48
Armillaria mellea: 64 48
armyworms: 7 29; 77 23
armyworms, beet: 7 29; 77 23
arnica: 82 47
Arnica montana: 82 45, 48
aromatic oils: 67 23
aromatic plants: 1 43, 48; 2 29; 4 11, 24, 26, 53, 56; 5 16, 36; 10 1, 19, 28-30; 13 19; 14 6, 16; 21 23; 27 13;  30 16; 40 32; 41 15; 43 40, 54, 67; 46 87; 47 6, 10; 48 20, 21, 49; 49 34, 37; 51 24, 52; 52 63; 58 2, 3; 59 9, 10, 13, 17, 18, 37, 38, 45, 50, 56, 58; 60 58, 71; 61 10, 66; 63 40, 41, 60, 61, 62, 69; 64 29, 67; 67 51; 69 43; S(2) 6; 73 7, 10; 74 52; 75 21-26, 32, 38; 77 42, 48; 78 5, 36, 60, 69, 72; 79 72; 81 71; 82 7; 83 14, 15, 17, 69; 85 10; 87 14, 46, 76; 88 18, 35, 67; 91 49; 93 13; 94 72
Aronia melanocarpa: 63 62
arsonists: 51 26, 29
Art Deco: 59 31, 32; 62 12; 79 7
Art Nouveau: 79 7; 82 7
art work: 89 47
Artemidorus Aristophanius: 47 33
Artemis: 75 27, 29
artemisia: 29 44; 30 16, 22, 24, 25; 34 7; 39 6; 44 47; 48 20; 57 28; 67 12; 74 52, 53; 75 27, 30; 77 76; 78 36; 81 24; 89 46
artemisia tea: 1 9; 77 13; 94 15
Artemisia: 1 8; 5 33; 6 22; 8 4; 9 19; 14 6, 40; 65 8, 36; 85 56; 88 36; 91 60; 92 31
Artemisia abrotanum: 22 26; 39 6; 88 41
Artemisia absinthium: 3 32; 20 40; 22 14, 25, 31; 82 59, 60; 85 56
Artemisia absinthium 'Lambrook Silver': 22 32
Artemisia afra: 1 22
Artemisia annua: 75 30
Artemisia arborescens: 22 26, 32, 37; 25 11; 36 8, 13, 27; 39 44; 40 24; 45 20, 65; 50 11; 57 48; 59 7; 79 58; 86 26, 28, 30; 88 40
Artemisia arborescens ‘Carcassonne’: 85 32
Artemisia arborescens 'Porquerolles': 37 10; 50 11; 86 26
Artemisia arborescens 'Powis Castle': 1 16; 19 50; 37 10; 39 6, 44
Artemisia armeniaca: 39 44
Artemisia californica: 24 14; 29 24, 27; 48 27; 57 5; 59 7, 70; 65 8; 67 12; 74 24; 80 65, 66; 87 11, 14, 16; 88 41
Artemisia canariensis: 72 13; 85 56
Artemisia canescens: 38 44
Artemisia ‘Canescens’: 74 46
Artemisia caucasica: 36 27; 38 28; 39 6, 45; 45 64
Artemisia caulescens ssp. gallica: 74 48
Artemisia douglasiana: 30 35
Artemisia dracunculus: 3 32; 63 62; 75 23, 31
Artemisia 'Faith Raven': 18 50
Artemisia frigida: 39 45
Artemisia herba-alba: 50 11
Artemisia lanata: 38 28; 39 6, 45; 48 24; 50 11; 67 12; 85 32; 86 28; 88 40
Artemisia lloydii: 39 6
Artemisia ludoviciana: 22 32; 39 6, 45; 85 56, 57
Artemisia ludoviciana 'Silver King': 22 26
Artemisia ludoviciana 'Valerie Finnis': 39 45
Artemisia pedemontana: 85 32; 86 28; 88 40
Artemisia pontica: 22 25; 74 46
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana': 55 12
Artemisia splendens: 36 13
Artemisia stelleriana: 36 13
Artemisia thuscula: 72 13; 85 56
Artemisia tridentata: 30 37
arthropodium: 89 19
Arthropodium: 13 9
Arthropodium cirrhatum: 6 55; 11 30
Arthropodium strictum: 37 21
artichokes: 5 47, 49; 6 15, 46; 7 27; 35 66; 36 16; 48 49; 49 24; 53 28, 38; 57 29; 58 37, 41; 60 15; 61 47; 62 39; 63 23; 67 15; 78 48-51; 89 19, 34
artichokes, globe: 94 45, 47
artichokes, Jerusalem: 94 45, 47
artificial grass/lawn: 65 37, 38; 66 71, 72; 91 53
arugula: 49 42; 62 56
Arum: 2 53; 22 12; 27 18; 79 25-27
Arum creticum: 31 25; 52 52
Arum dioscoridis: 3 30; 31 25; 56 56
Arum dracunculus: 3 30; 7 24, 25; 11 20
Arum hygrophilum: 65 48
Arum idaeum: 25 43
Arum italicum: 3 30; 16 31; 20 40; 39 17; 81 41; 82 60
Arum maculatum: 4 39; 20 40; 33 22; 84 32
Arum orientale: 93 40
Arum pictum: 15 26; 31 25; S(1) 27; 78 69
Arum purpureospathum: 32 20
Arum sintenisii: 79 26; 93 40, 42, 43
Arum vulgare: 20 45
arum, arum lilies: 1 18, 21; 7 24; 16 19; 18 43; 34 6; 53 33-35; 59 25, 29; 82 52; 84 54; 91 64; 93 42, 60
Arum, Autumn: 78 69
Arum, Dragon: 20 39
arum, wild: 74 51
Aruncu: 40 9
arundo: 59 11
Arundo: 73 28-33
Arundo donax: 10 5; 21 41; 28 3; 31 7, 10; 44 15; 46 21; 47 8; 53 32; 54 18; 62 41; 73 28, 30-33; 74 72; 75 34, 70, 71; 77 95, 119; 91 19, 20
Arundo donax ‘Aureomarginata’: 73 32
Arundo donax 'Variegata': 46 25; 73 32
Asarina: 20 26
Asarina antirrhiniflora: 65 23
Asarina barclaiana: 2 20, 21
Asarina procumbens: 6 26; S(2) 12
Asarum caudatum: 30 19; 38 21
asbestos mining: 40 33; 59 61, 62; 63 69; 75 36
Asclepias: 15 73; 20 40; 75 63; 84 24
Asclepias curassavica: 13 14; 14 42; 23 40; 44 45; 72 34; 77 74; 90 48, 49
Asclepias fruticosa: 20 40; 23 40
Asclepias physocarpa: 1 21; 14 42; 31 79, 80; 85 17
Asclepias tuberosa: 14 22, 42
Asclepidaceae: 23 40; 40 45; 60 42
ash (substance): 1 9; 23 40; 51 3, 20, 21, 33, 43, 47, 79; 52 12
ash, manna: 85 5; 90 60
ash die-back: 78 55; 88 61; 92 17; 94 43
ash tree: 9 32; 40 45; 41 13; 51 20; 52 34; 53 19; 71 38; 73 24, 26, 44; 76 40; 77 87; 83 31, 32; 88 61
ash, bonfire: 46 103
ash, wood ash: 1 9; 52 12; 61 37; 69 66; 77 13; 80 28; 94 16
Asian gypsy moth: 46 103
Asio flammeus: 83 12
Aspalathus linearis: 88 56
Asparagaceae: 71 6; 82 60
asparagus: 45 54; 46 29;  55 12; 60 15; 61 38; 70 51
asparagus fern: 91 63
asparagus, wild: 1 4; 50 6, 7; 56 3; 60 10; 71 43; 77 8; 78 36; 80 19; 81 19; 83 2; 86 38; 87 20; 88 46; 92 26; 94 10
Asparagus: 91 63
Asparagus acutifolius: 48 11; 57 2; 81 19; 88 46
Asparagus albus: 15 26; S(1) 27; 81 19
Asparagus densiflorus 'Myersii': 57 18
Asparagus falcatus: 70 23
Asparagus officinalis: 48 11
Asparagus scandens; 81 41
Asparagus stipularis: 15 26;  S(1) 27
Asparagus tenuifolius: 41 4
asparagus fern: 4 6
Asperula aristata: 16 31
Asperula elonea: 25 42
Asperula taygetea: 87 41, 42
asphodel: 12 14; 18 15; 23 29; 24 55; 26 31; 27 24; 32 20; 34 7; 36 46, 48; 39 55; 43 7; 45 17; 48 14; 57 3; 59 13; 63 9, 34; 65 47; 70 10, 49; 72 16; 75 3, 47; 77 29, 103; 81 20, 24, 58; 86 13
Asphodelaceae: 91 63
Asphodeline liburnica: 74 46
Asphodeline lutea: 3 30; 19 52; 20 40; 42 54, 57; 53 20; 57 1, 4; 59 57; 65 48; 82 59, 64; 88 54
Asphodelus: 55 8; 56 55
Asphodelus acaulis: 30 70
Asphodelus aestivus: 2 32; 20 40; 24 55; 36 46; 39 55; 45 11; 57 3; 66 6; 70 10, 11, 49; 88 44
Asphodelus albus: 3 34; 18 62; 20 69; 63 22; 81 20; 82 64
Asphodelus fistulosus: 45 13; 50 10; 59 54; 66 6; 74 46; 86 26
Asphodelus liburnica: 82 64
Asphodelus luteus: 63 22
Asphodelus microcarpus: 3 34; 40 42; 74 47
Asphodelus ramosus: 65 46; 87 41
Asphodelus ramosus ssp. ramosus: 74 47
aspidistra: 40 65; 41 43, 48; 46 23   
Aspidistra elatior: 32 25; 79 58; 92 7
Asplenium: 76 44
Asplenium nidus: 26 27; 79 58
Asplenium trichomanes: 59 10
Association Fruits Oubliés: 46 65
Astelia chathamica: 3 20; 46 21
aster: 6 13; 19 68; 35 69; 64 19, 40, 41; 66 25
Aster cyllenaeus: 9 31
Aster novae-angliae 6 13
Aster novi-belgii: 6 13
aster, stink: 19 83, 84
Asteraceae: 37 21, 22; 40 44; 41 19; 51 6; 64 41, 42, 44, 51; 71 6; 72 26; 82 60; 89 51; 91 59-64
Asteriscus: 9 45
Asteriscus maritimus: 68 9; 74 46; 76 13; 81 21; 85 2
astilbe: 21 12; 55 8
astragalus: 57 39, 41
Astragalus: 40 46; 57 39, 41; 65 46; 82 62
Astragalus caprinus: 65 46
Astragalus cruentiflorus: 84 5
Astragalus gummifer: 84 5
Astragalus lusitanicus: 61 50
Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. lefkarensis: 68 57
Astragalus monspessulanus: 57 39, 42
Astragalus nebrodensis: 23 62
Astragalus taygeteus: 86 47
Astragalus thermensis: 89 62
Astrantia: 6 33
ASTRO: 24 42
astrological clock: 4 4; 77 17, 18
Astrophytum myriostigma: 4 2; 77 16
Atacama Desert: 83 2
Athanasia: 89 41
Athene noctua: 85 46
Athens 2004 Olympic Games: 23 19
Athens Centre of Ekistics: 74 63
Atholl tree: 91 16
Athyrium filix-femina: 82 63
Atlantic ivy: 46 45; 70 38
Atlas cedar: 27 7; 35 17; 71 21; 77 19
Atlas Mountains: 51 55, 56
atmospheric aridity/dryness: 8 25, 30, 32; 88 39
atmospheric pollution: 84 26
Atriplex: 39 6; 48 41; 79 37
Atriplex canescens: 37 32; 39 44
Atriplex halimus: 1 16; 21 42; 22 38; 26 30; 36 21, 27; 39 5, 44; 41 18; 44 61; 47 20; 58 52; 59 7; 65 46; 85 31; 93 11
Atriplex hortensis: 57 35
Atriplex semibaccata: 37 21; 57 35
Atriplex suberecta: 37 21
Attica: 58 1, 2, 57, 59
aubergine 'Lista de Gandia': 62 35
aubergine 'Violette di Firenze': 62 35
aubergines: 1 53; 3 48; 4 45; 6 2; 48 49; 49 20, 24; 53 50; 56 38, 39, 42; 57 29, 72; 61 47; 62 35, 37; 64 15; 70 52, 55; 89 31
Aubriet, Claude: 76 18
aubrieta: 57 1; 79 45
Aubrieta: 16 22; 17 32; 19 50, 52; 20 40; 25 17; 76 18
Aubrieta deltoidea: 3 32; 11 42; 19 50, 52; 20 40; 57 1; 80 22; 82 61
Aubrieta mixed hybrids: 14 23
Aubrieta pinnardii: 60 52
Aubrieta scandica: 54 55
Aubrieta thessala: 60 52
aucuba: 89 8
Aucuba: 76 45
Aucuba japonica: 15 40; 71 39; 90 19
Auden, W.H.: 61 7; 74 57; 82 24
Audouinia capitata: 58 44
Audubon: 49 9; 58 44; 77 82
Augustus: 64 24
Auldern: 89 46
auriculas: 43 19, 24; 91 17
Aurinia cyclocarpa: 82 61
Aurinia moreana: 86 47
Aurinia saxatilis: 20 40
Australian Bluebell Creeper: 91 59
Australian Christmas Tree: 5 24; 6 54
Australian County Fire Service (CFS): 51 18, 20; 77 85, 87-89
Australian Dreamtime: 80 34
Australian flora: 90 32
Australian flora, threatened: 65 67
Australian frangipani: 76 40; 83 34; 89 42
Australian Fuchsia: 24 11, 12; 91 59
Australian Garden History Society: 20 57; 21 3, 4
Australian heathland/bush: 15 58
Australian Landscape Conference 2013: 80 47
Australian Landscpe Conference 2018: 93 1
Australian marsupials: 24 38
Australian Mint Bush: 92 24
Australian Moss: 91 60
Australian National Herbarium, Canberra: 70 42


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