Mediterranean Garden Society

The Mediterranean Garden

The photograph at the top of this page shows Banksiae coccinea flowering in the Stokes Bay Bush Garden, Perth, Western Australia (Photo Alisdair Aird)

B
Babiana: 21 21; 27 22; 57 18; 91 63
Babiana ambigua: 28 47
Babiana disticha: 27 23
Babiana dregei: 28 47
Babiana minuta: 21 21; 77 41
Babiana mucronata: 28 48
Babiana patersoniae: 28 48
Babiana plicata: 2723
Babiana sambucina: 21 21; 77 41
Babiana vanzyjliae: 21 21; 77 41
babianas: 5 37
Babingtonia virgata 'Howie's Dwarf': 55 69
Baboon Flower: 91 63
Babylonstoren: 89 51
Bac, Ferdinand: 79 60
Baccharis halimifolia: 54 67
Baccharis linearis: 78 65
Baccharis pilularis: 22 14; 48 27; 55 2; 87 9
Baccharis pilularis 'Twin Peaks': 30 18
Bacillus thuringiensis: 5 27; 7 29; 17 52; 58 57; 60 43; 64 29; 77 23; 94 44
Bacon, Francis: 19 58; 80 26
Bacopa: 20 26; 91 64
Bacopa 'Snowflake': 57 18
bacteria:  56 62, 63
bacteria, nitrifying: 84 43
bacterial canker: 62 61
bacterial disease: 62 61
bacterial pathogen: 94 43
Baghurst Gardens: 68 64; 71 52
Bahá’i Gardens, Haifa: 65 49
Baja fairy duster: 91 49
Baja Trunk Dudleya: 82 16
Balaka seemannii: 1 32
balance of nature: 75 32, 33, 35
Balantium antarcticum: 73 24; 79 10; 80 15; 81 11; 83 61
Balboa Park: 70 62
balconies: 43 17, 24; 62 44; 77 98; 89 20-24
Balkans Botanic Garden: 41 17, 20
Ballarat Botanic Gardens: 21 3; 93 51
ballota: 2 15; 29 22; 39 22
Ballota: 6 33; 8 4, 41, 43; 40 44; 66 36; 69 37; 71 39; 83 20
Ballota acetabulosa: 1 32; 8 41; 25 8; 27 4; 29 23, 26; 30 22; 32 18; 36 8, 27; 39 22; 45 13, 20, 22; 59 7; 65 8; 85 20; 86 28, 29; 87 41; 92 33
Ballota africana: 1 22
Ballota hirsuta: 32 18
Ballota nigra: 85 20
Ballota pseudodictamnus: 1 15; 3 30; 13 46; 18 62; 19 52; 22 31; 29 20; 32 18; 39 45; 63 60; 74 53; 84 20; 85 31
Ballota saxatilis ssp. brachyodonta: 59 43, 44
Balsan, Consuelo Vanderbilt: 42 5, 6, 8-10; 46 77
balsam: 19 30
Balthus: 85 15
bamboo: 12 24; 13 9, 12; 17 65; 18 8, 54, 58; 19 66; 20 52; 22 12; 24 22; 28 6; 29 52, 53; 31 56; 33 12, 31; 35 18; 36 66; 38 22, 28; 40 9, 14, 19; 41 51; 42 27; 45 54, 55; 47 50, 52, 62; 48 8; 52 20; 55 47; 64 26; 66 36; 67 27, 42, 47; 71 51; 74 2; 76 24, 27, 42; 79 51; 81 28, 41; 84 12, 53; 87 7; 89 7, 8; 90 28; 91 77
bamboo, black: 33 51; 64 26; 89 45
bamboo canes: 74 72
bamboo, dwarf: 38 28; 47 53; 38 28; 47 53
bamboo, giant: 47 54
bamboo, sacred: 21 28
bamboos, tropical: 79 60
Bambouseraie: 36 66
Bambouseraie de Prafrance: 47 50
Bambusa: 59 54
Banbusa glaucescens: 87 7
Bambusa multiplex: 87 7
Bambusa oldhamii: 87 7
banana: 4 1; 5 9; 9 9, 20; 12 24; 19 17, 18; 26 51; 29 52; 40 9, 15; 42 79; 46 17, 21, 22, 24, 33; 47 25; 50 59; 52 30, 31; 53 31; 55 14, 15, 40; 59 21; 62 8; 69 15, 19-21; 70 12; 77 15; 80 72; 81 52; 87 15
banana, Abyssinian: 70 63; 74 24
bancals:81 18, 20
Banks, Sir Joseph: 29 56, 57; 52 31, 37; 61 30; 63 29; 69 54, 55; 71 63, 68; 81 61; 86 71; 89 23
Banksia: 2 19; 21 2; 22 51; 60 55; 72 7; 75 63
Banksia ericifolia: 15 10; 16 72
Banksia integrifolia: 2 19; 71 70; 89 19
Banksia marginata: 2 19
Banksia menziesii: 17 18
Banksia montana: 44 36
Banksia praemorsa: 91 50
Banksia prionotes: 74 26; 79 53
Banksia serrata: 24 9; 44 36
Banksia spinulosa: 69 6
banksia: 43 14; 49 14; 51 5; 69 10; 71 58; 74 27; 91 50; 92 42; 93 62
banksia, coastal: 89 30
Banksia rose: 5 10, 41; 12 7, 20; 13 8; 16 23; 17 57; 19 6, 69; 27 38; 30 68; 38 70; 39 66; 45 3, 11; 49 20; 59 30; 64 24; 71 43; 81 61, 63; 92 24; 93 29
Banned List (Australia): 60 48
banyan tree: 9 9; 21 60; 30 66
baobab: 64 70; 88 58; 89 53
Baptisia australis: 75 64
Barbarea: 72 70
Barbarea vulgaris: 82 61
Barbary figs: 23 61
Barbary nut: 16 30; 18 48; 58 33; 63 22; 65 46
barberries; 4 25
bare-rooted plants: 64 35, 38, 49
bare soil: 59 55; 94 10, 12
Baret, Jeanne: 46 39
Baretia: 46 39
bark: 2 7, 44; 10 18; 20 47; 24 16, 40, 41, 48; 25 24, 26; 27 50; 57 29; 65 19, 39; 67 22, 42; 73 25, 46; 74 5, 7; 75 46, 58; 82 25, 26, 31; 83 30, 70; 84 30, 70; 92 37, 51; 94 21, 23, 43, 50, 51
bark chips: 22 8; 26 36; 55 16; 58 53; 62 52, 53
bark, composted: 74 17, 20; 76 56
bark, fir: 15 6; 24 11; 77 35
bark mulch: 79 47
Barklya syringifolia: 83 31
barley: 48 39; 55 4, 71; 57 29; 62 7; 65 40; 67 57; 72 44; 88 44
Barlia: 60 12
Barlia robertiana: 59 43, 44
Baroni, Paolo: 81 62; 82 67
Baroque: 82 3, 5, 6
Barosma: 19 37; S(1) 39
barrel cactus: 37 14
Barreto, António Viana: 92 11
Barrier Range Wattle: 30 28
Barrocal Botanic Garden: 89 4; 94 70
Barrock Station: 91 16
Barossa Bushgardens: 71 56, 69
Barrundi Acres: 91 12
Bartos, Mark: 45 32, 38
Bartram, John: 69 51-54
basal buds: 62 59
basalt: 65 47; 83 56, 57, 62
basalt, Spartan: 87 39
basella: 4 15
Basella alba: 4 17
Basella alba 'Rubra': 4 17
Basella rubra: 4 17
basil: 7 6; 9 16, 42; 10 26; 11 13, 30; 12 37; 20 16, 17, 48; 22 19; 23 22; 28 43; 29 39, 41; 30 5, 53; 43 49, 51-54; 46 57; 47 6; 53 30; 56 45; 57 18; 58 31, 32, 34; 60 24; 62 56; 63 72; 64 15; 72 19; 75 21, 23, 25; 76 41; 79 72; 80 29; 85 10; 87 30; 89 24; 90 41; 93 12
basil, Greek: 75 25
basil, Indian: 75 26
basket grass: 74 7
basket-grown vines: 72 43
Bassani, Giorgio: 24 55, 56
bat boxes: 83 9, 12
Bataille, Georges: 85 15
bathing pool: 10 4
bats: 83 6
Battersea Park: 46 28, 30, 32
Battle of Marathon: 23 18
Batumi Botanical Garden: 76 45
Bauer, Ferdinand: 12 14-16; 50 26-28, 70; 76 18, 20; 77 29-31; 84 69
Bauera rubioides 'Trailing White': 21 67
Bauera sessiliflora: 21 67
Bauhin, Caspar: 47 11; 49 6; 50 13, 23; 77 80
Bauhinia: 7 49; 26 16; 55 1; 56 9; 66 46; 67 63
Bauhiniaaculeatassp. grandiflora: 82 31
Bauhiniaforficata: 80 3
Bauhiniagalpinii: 76 10
Bauhinia grandidieri: 81 51, 54
Bauhinia purpurea: 45 64
Bauhinia variegata: 4 12; 5 24; 19 82; 20 71; 59 70; 62 3; 66 46; 67 62; 78 13; 82 31
Bauhinia variegata 'Candida': 5 24; 20 71
bauhinias: 83 33
Baumgartner, Sydney: 45 36, 37
Bay Biscayne Creeping Oxeye: 72 26
bay/bay laurel: 4 18, 23, 26; 6 12; 7 6; 8 18; 10 27. 33; 15 40; 16 52; 17 32, 61; 20 19, 29; 21 33, 34; 26 12, 52, 65; 27 4, 13, 38, 52; 29 39; 30 14, 41-43, 54; 31 9; 32 6; 34 6; 36 8, 24; 38 43, 58; 39 24; 41 4, 5; 43 17, 39; 46 52, 53; 47 11; 48 11, 25, 30, 34, 35, 41; 50 13, 23; 51 60; 52 55; 53 10, 12, 32, 34, 36; 55 33, 35, 64; 56 14; 58 31, 32, 34; 59 17, 18, 31, 47; 60 15, 57, 59; 62 2, 46, 56; 64 67; S(2) 38; 71 28, 32, 72; 72 16; 73 6; 75 23, 28; 77 100; 78 19; 79 72; 81 18; 82 7; 86 32; 88 30; 89 15, 16; 91 51; 92 17, 27, 31; 93 11
bay, California: 26 1; 74 5
bay oil: 60 57, 58, 60
Baynton, Barbara: 76 37, 40
beach strawberry: 55 1
bead tree: 62 4; 76 7
bean seeds: 61 47
beans: 5 37; 8 49, 50; 48 49; 55 4; 56 37, 41, 42; 58 39, 40, 70; 61 47; 62 71; 63 11, 67; 76 51; 89 31
beans, broad: 2 44; 6 46; 35 56; 49 20, 22; 52 34; 53 38, 59; 58 33; 69 34; 75 33; 94 47
beans, fava: 35 56; 57 29; 58 33; 72 44; 91 11
beans, French: 56 41; 94 47
beans, ganxet: 74 72
beans, garbanzo: 57 34
beans, green: 49 24; 58 35; 62 34, 37
beans, haricot: 57 34
beans, kidney: 1 48
beans, lima: 57 34
beans, long: 69 34
beans, maloga: 56 48
beans, mung: 56 48
beans, runner: 56 2, 41; 94 47
beans, scarlet runner: 59 2
beans, soya: 57 31-33; 65 47
beans, string: 62 34
beans, tepary: 57 34
bearded iris: 1 58; 2 10; 5 20; 6 52; 14 6; 39 22; 70 10
Bear’s Breeches: 69 68
beaten earth: 82 24
Beaucarnea: 22 62; 46 25; 64 25
Beaucarnea recurvata: 4 5; 58 4; 77 18; 79 56; 81 15
Beauharnais, Josephine de: 52 39
Beaumont Common: 71 55
Beaumontia: 3 8
Beaumontia grandiflora: 49 16; 57 44
Beaumontia recurvata: 4 5
bed and breakfast: 4 37; 24 2, 64; 58 1
bedding out/bedding plants: 24 46; 27 17; 46 21, 23, 26, 29, 30, 32, 57; 49 61; 54 2; 62 48; 65 33; 76 48; 93 7
bedding, carpet: 46 25, 29
bedrock: 1 4, 7; 52 4, 8, 9; 62 19, 25; 63 20; 64 33; 71 43; 77 8, 11, 36; 83 16, 20, 26; 87 41; 94 10, 12
beds: 31 26, 49; 32 4; 33 28, 30, 53, 61, 63; 34 36
beds, formal: 5 10
beds, raised: 8 23; 10 30; 19 10; 20 22, 28; 22 12; 25 17, 55; 28 27, 43; 29 65; 32 7; 33 20; 45 34; 46 29; 55 40; 58 41; 59 55; 64 34; 67 47; 70 50, 52; 71 54; 76 50, 56; 77 99; 90 28, 29
beds, rose: 34 55; 86 25, 31; 89 61
beds, vegetable: 22 46
bedstraw: 64 46
bee balm: 49 40
bee house: 89 14
bee orchis/orchid: 59 16; 65 49; 93 59
beech: 22 53; 30 66; 40 64; 44 19; 49 16; 58 1; 76 43; 78 1, 2; 89 43
beech, copper: 48 7l; 71 49; 79 39; 89 54
beehive: 91 40
beekeeper: 63 12; 87 17
bees: 4 14, 27; 6 25; 7 5; 8 49; 23 53, 54; 25 25, 38; 27 11, 14; 28 44; 30 51; 38 25, 43, 44; 42 87; 43 61; 45 50, 71; 48 31; 49 34; 51 61; 54 2; 55 11, 13, 28; 56 12; 58 58, 71, 72; 60 4, 40; 62 33, 53, 65; 63 32, 40; 64 30, 51, 52, 54; 66 64; 67 69; 69 11, 25; 71 74; 72 2, 25, 36; 74 33; 75 34; 76 29; 77 44, 45, 101, 109; 80 29; 81 43; 83 12, 32; 84 18; 85 40, 41, 43; 86 32, 36; 89 14; 92 10, 38; 93 71
bees, bumblebees: 29 38; 42 31; 78 55
bees, carpenter bee: 64 53
bees, honeybees: 83 11; 84 40
bees, leaf cutting: 10 20
bees, solitary: 83 11; 85 42; 88 46
bees, toxic to: 88 70
bees, wild: 89 14
beet armyworm: 7 29; 77 23
beetle larvae: 5 54
beetle, brassica: 60 42
beetle, chafer: 47 70
beetle, cockchafer: 43 28
beetle, Colorado: 50 46
beetle, dung: 56 62; 66 64; 88 44; 89 54
beetle, lily: 5 26; 6 55; 94 41
beetle, palm: 68 40, 44-48
beetles: 4 51; 5 26; 6 1, 55; 7 26; 10 20; 21 22; 51 82; 56 15, 16, 18; 57 58, 71; 64 51; 65 44; 77 42; 92 19 50
beetroot: 79 35, 37; 94 47
beets: 74 11; 79 33
beets, sea: 79 35, 37
beets, sugar: 79 35
begonia: 15 43; 16 50; 18 49; 35 70; 42 55, 56; 43 47; 45 36; 46 92; 49 22; 55 8; 56 25; 80 40; 84 12; 94 48
begonia, shrubby: 43 22
Begonia: 8 7
Begonia dregii: 3 39
Begonia semperflorens: 4 43; 16 50; 46 14; 58 20
Belamcanda: 6 24
belladonna: 29 71; 89 16
Bella Vista: 91 14
Belleval, Pierre Richer de: 48 67
Bellevalia dubia: 16 26
Bellevalia flexuosa: 65 46
bell-fruited mallee: 25 24
Bellini, Gentile: 60 18
Bellis: 47 20
Bellis perennis: 3 32; 28 42; 62 55; 69 43, 44; 70 26; 81 43; 82 60; 91 41
Beloperone californica: 30 70
belvedere: 49 3; 60 26
Benakio Phytopathological Institute: 68 48, 50, 51; 73 56
Benakis, Antonis: 73 56
Benakis, Emmanuel: 73 56
beneficial insects: 16 54; 17 58; 55 11, 13; 67 71; 70 53
beneficial soil fungi: 64 48
beneficial wildlife: 70 52
Benguela ocean currents: 92 50
Berberidaceae: 52 61
berberis: 23 56; 29 5; 49 61; 57 24; 75 42; 89 16
berberis sawfly: 78 55; 94 41
Berberis: 21 3, 28; 42 69; 45 61; 74 39; 94 41
Berberis aquifolium: 76 42
Berberis aristata: 23 58
Berberis darwinii: 21 28; 23 58
Berberis iberica: 72 39
Berberis thunbergii: 21 28; 94 41
Berberis thunbergii f.atropurpurea: 14 23, 26
Berberis vulgaris: 14 25
berberis sawfly: 55 12
bergamot: 29 17; 74 51; 83 65, 66
Bergengruen, Werner: 51 58
Bergenia: 27 65; 39 17; 41 4; 42 24
Bergenia 'Abendglocken': 27 66
Bergenia cordifolia: 19 48
Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea': 27 66
Bergenia crassulifolia: 4332
Bergenia pacumbis: 90 28
bergenias: 626; S(2) 12; 70 29; 90 70
Berger, Alwin: 79 54
Bergzabern, Jakob Theodor von: 73 63
Berkeley sedge: 30 14, 18
Berlin Botanical Gardens: 12 11; 77 26
Bermuda buttercup: 16 29, 48; 19 56; 20 28;  28 16; 40 28; 84 3, 39, 40; 92 28
Bermuda clover: 42 70
Bermuda grass: 18 17; 38 27; 60 44; 65 35
Bern Convention: 68 56, 57; 79 27; 93 44
Bernini: 28 36
Beronica syriaca: 22 8
berries: 1 5; 15 7; 44 45; 47 2, 3, 77; 54 27-29; 55 37; 71 34, 60; 72 3, 33; 74 4-6, 14; 75 34; 77 9, 36, 74; 78 9, 10; 79 48; 80 43; 82 17, 48; 83 34; 84 72; 86 29; 88 10, 11, 51; 94 11
berry bushes: 63 72
Berzelia: 90 55
Berzelia abrotanoides: 16 17
Berzelia lanuginosa: 16 17
berzilia: 37 43; 59 25
Beschorneria: 19 27; 22 62
Beschorneria yuccoides: 29 5; 42 80; 49 14; 85 18
beschornerias: 55 8
bessera: 55 8
Beta maritima: 79 35
Beta vulgaris: 46 12; 79 35, 36
Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima: 79 35
Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla: 57 35
Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla var. flavescens: 56 42
Beta vulgaris var. cicla : 79 35
Beta vulgaris var. escuenta: 79 35
Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris: 79 35
Beth Chatto Garden: 2 12, 13-16; 42 81; 64 35; 79 42; 80 55; 90 70
Beth Chatto’s Shade Garden: 76 30
Bethlehem: 30 66, 67
Betonica macrantha: 72 40
betony: 64 42; 72 40
Betula: 15 10
Betula pendula: 12 21; 55 70
Betulaceae: 82 61; 91 60
Bewick, Thomas: 74 29
Bhagwat, Aniket: 80 47, 48, 58
Biarum angustatum: 65 47
Biarum bovei: 23 49
Bible: 55 71, 72; 78 5
Biblical gardens: 19 15
Bibliothèque Inguimbertine: 75 6
bidens: 4 23 
Bidens ferulifolia: 1 14; 11 39
Biehn, Michel: 75 8; 76 67; 79 48
biennial bearers: 62 60
biennials: 21 48; 22 16; 47 6, 9; 75 64, 64; 76 13; 84 31; 87 20; 90 68
bietola: 79 35-37
Big Bend Silverleaf: 12 27; S(1) 14
Big-leaf maple: 27 14; 74 7
Bignon, Jean-Paul: 70 68
bignonia: 3 11; 7 7; 16 42; 18 13; 28 46; 33 51; 38 18; 64 17
Bignonia: 3 7; 19 8; 20 22, 52; 22 55; 70 68
Bignonia capreolata: 70 68
Bignoniaceae: 16 1, 38; 35 41, 42; 45 65; 52 55; 66 71; 70 68; 82 23; 83 74; 91 59, 64
Bilberry cactus: 82 8
billabongs: 69 62; 91 16
Billardiera: 91 59
Billardiera heterophylla: 71 70; 82 23; 85 18
Billbergia nutans: 2223; 28 44; 73 62; 91 26-29; 92 72
Bimbi, Bartolomeo: 83 65
bindweed: 15 45; 60 44; 72 25; 81 20
binomial system: 71 63
bioconservation: 71 68
biocontrol agent: 50 44
biodiversity: 20 72; 21 42; 23 8-11; 41 11; 42 20, 60; 46 69; 48 39; 49 5, 7, 10; 51 29; 53 11, 14; 54 9, 14, 20; 57 6; 59 35, 38; 61 5, 7; 63 76; 65 5, 7, 39; 66 51, 64; 67 71; 68 24; 71 23, 24, 67, 69; 75 40, 54; 77 79, 81, 84; 78 59, 60; 79 22, 46, 53; 83 7, 16; 85 62, 63, 65; 89 47, 48; 92 9, 51; 93 14, 15, 18, 19; 94 6, 38, 39
biodiversity, global initiative: 93 16
biodiversity hotspots: 65 5, 7; 72 38; 89 48; 93 14
biodiversity, local: 85 62
biodiversity, loss of: 93 15
biodiversity, reduction of: 53 11
biofertilisers: 62 72
biofuel; 73 34; 78 16
biogeographical barriers: 54 22
Biograd na Moru: 58 19
biological control: 6 3; 54 71; 63 45; 76 63; 84 23
biological insecticides: 68 51
biological invasion: 70 3, 6
biological pest control: 60 4
biomass: 51 11, 14; 78 16
biomes: 54 15; 71 18
Bioriza Nursery: 66 23, 24
Biosphere Reserve: 65 40
bio-swells: 82 15, 16; 84 71
birch: 15 39; 42 73; 43 17; 44 25; 64 45; 72 9; 85 43; 88 23
birch, paper: 69 56
birch, silver: 43 17; 44 25; 72 30, 32; 73 24
bird boxes: 29 44; 88 51
bird hunting: 86 20, 21
bird lime: 5 29
bird migration: 84 72; 85 43, 60; 86 16-23
bird mortality: 85 41
Bird of Paradise: 88 60; 91 64
Bird of Paradise, Red: 82 16
Bird of Paradise tree: 19 57; 23 30
bird reserve: 65 47
bird sanctuary: 64 64; 67 53, 54
bird trade: 86 21
bird trapping: 86 20, 21
bird watchers: 93 52
bird-attracting plants: 7 21; S(1) 12
birdbath: 23 26; 29 44; 30 17; 49 34, 41; 57 21; 83 9; 85 45; 89 19
birdfeeder: 47 79; 49 41; 54 3; 71 74; 83 9; 87 75; 90 46
bird-friendly: 45 43; 83 10
birdhouse: 5 10
birdlife: 21 18; 91 16
BirdLife Australia: 83 9
birds: 2 5; 4 14; 5 26, 29; 6 1, 2, 22, 34; 7 2, 20, 26; 8 39, 48, 49, 51; 9 28; 10 10, 20; 15 2, 35, 73; 16 19, 24, 51, 54, 55, 71; 17 3, 40, 49, 72; 18 10, 18, 26, 52, 54, 64, 69; 19 33, 59; 20 21; 21 18, 19, 27; 22 5, 14, 21; 23 24, 26, 53, 54, 61; 24 1, 18, 58, 70; 25 33, 37; 26 52; 27 11, 14, 15; 28 19, 37; 29 8, 51; 30 6, 13, 16; 32 69; 33 29; 34 5, 49; 35 64; 36 33, 39, 40-45, 49, 50, 52; 38 25, 43, 85; 40 9, 21; 41 49; 44 52, 55; 46 60-63; 48 1, 5, 8; 49 8, 41, 42, 48; 51 61; 52 34; 53 4; 54 3, 57; 593, 24, 28, 29, 32, 66; 58 69; 59 3, 24, 28, 29, 32, 66; 60 4, 11; 61 3, 23, 46; 62 15, 33, 60, 65, 69; 64 22, 28, 51; 66 42, 47, 51; 67 23; 68 24, 52-54; 69 49; 70 58, 60, 65, 72; 71 57, 67; 72 3, 4, 38, 40, 52, 61; 73 26, 34, 45; 74 5, 22, 27, 33, 57, 61; 75 35, 37, 41, 42, 54, 71; 77 38, 44-46, 60, 82; 75 45; 80 46, 48, 49; 81 17, 18, 41, 71; 82 17, 21, 40; 83 6-10; 84 12, 22, 23, 25, 31, 72; 85 37, 39, 40-43, 45, 49; 87 34, 68, 75; 88 6, 18, 60, 70: 89 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 19, 54, 59; 90 4, 32, 46; 91 10, 55; 92 4, 10, 15, 32, 36, 38, 40, 51; 93 50; 94 4, 38
birds, Australian: 71 52
birds – bee eaters: 72 40; 83 12; 85 5, 44; 86 17
birds – birds of paradise: 44 56
birds – birds of prey: 36 40; 71 67; 79 23; 86 19
birds – black redstart: 22 14; 83 3
birds – black vulture: 71 67
birds – blackbirds: 4 14; 10 20; 16 70; 18 5, 18, 69; 20 21; 23 22; 28 19, 44; 36 42; 43 8, 21, 26; 68 52; 78 32; 82 36; 85 39, 44; 86 17
birds – blackcap: 36 41; 83 12; 85 44
birds – black-winged stilt: 42 74
birds – bluethroats: 86 18
birds – bluetits: 19 34; 23 26; 36 41, 42; 49 34; 83 12; 85 44
birds – bobwhite quail: 47 78
birds – bramblings: 86 18
birds – brown falcon: 32 69
birds – brown thornbills: 74 27
birds – brush turkeys: 83 30
birds – bulbuls: 51 55
birds – bulbuls, white-spectacled: 65 45
birds – bullfinches: 23 54; 77 45
birds – buntings: 23 54; 77 45
birds – buzzards: 7 7; 23 61; 28 25; 85 46
birds – canaries: 30 6; 87 15; 89 21
birds – Cape sugarbird: 88 60
birds - cavity-nesting: 68 25
birds – chaffinch: 36 42
birds – chickadees: 83 8
birds – chickens: 3 54; 8 45; 30 10; 33 48; 38 54; 47 79; 57 29; 58 38, 39, 41; 86 36, 37, 50; 88 22; 91 53
birds – cockatiels: 87 15
birds – cockatoos: 37 1, 7; 83 30; 92 36
birds – cockatoos, black: 71 57
birds – cockatoos, sulphur-crested: 71 51
birds – cockatoos, white: 73 26
birds – collared doves: 49 34; 60 4
birds – cormorants: 44 8; 59 28
birds – cranes: 65 47; 84 31; 86 16
birds – crested larks: 35 47
birds – crows: 49 34; 83 30; 84 31
birds – crows, hooded: 68 53
birds – cuckoos: 38 43; 68 53; 84 31; 86 17
birds – Dalmatian pelicans: 87 68
birds – dodo: 42 61
birds – doves: 44 55; 47 49; 49 41; 68 54: 87 15
birds – ducks: 8 39; 19 64; 44 55; 48 31; 59 28; 62 25; 68 25; 70 30; 79 8; 86 18, 37-39; 88 53; 92 14
birds – ducks, Indian Runner: 26 47
birds – dunnocks: 23 54; 77 45
birds – eagles: 28 25; 72 40
birds – eastern rosellas: 73 26
birds – eastern spinebills: 74 27
birds – egrets: 21 57; 75 55
birds – Eleonora’s falcon: 64 64; 67 53; 71 67
birds – emus: 48 30; 66 62; 71 57
birds – exotic: 49 61
birds – fairy wren: 70 31; 71 52; 89 19; 92 38
birds – falcons: 68 53; 85 46
birds – fantail doves: 42 8
birds – finches: 4 14; 21 28; 23 54; 35 31; 68 54; 71 52; 77 45; 85 45; 87 15
birds – fish eagles: 71 67
birds – flamingos: 21 18; 29 5, 6; 48 23; 49 61; 75 55; 77 38; 87 59, 67; 89 57
birds – fledglings: 7 26
birds – flycatchers: 23 26; 33 63; 36 41
birds – galahs: 73 26; 92 36
birds – geese: 42 74; 62 25
birds – golden oriole: 4 14; 22 14; 25 32; 55 49; 86 23
birds – goldfinches: 23 54; 77 45; 85 43; 86 19
birds – great egrets: 87 59
birds – great tits: 49 34; 83 8, 12; 85 44
birds – greenfinch: 10 20; 36 42
birds – guinea fowl: 53 33
birds – gulls: 36 42; 49 34
birds – gulls, yellow-legged: 49 34
birds – hawks: 16 19; 36 42; 83 30; 84 31
birds – hens: 26 12; 27 38; 28 11; 46 63; 53 23; 58 8; 61 37; 62 25; 71 57
birds – herons: 21 57; 45 15; 59 28; 75 35; 84 31
birds – honey-eater: 21 27, 28; 22 27; 56 26; 71 52; 74 22, 27; 82 40; 83 8; 85 39, 43; 89 19
birds – hoopoe: 4 14; 8 43; 19 34, 59; 22 14; 36 42; 42 74; 55 49; 58 40; 66 42; 68 53; 71 45; 72 52; 83 4; 86 12
birds – house martins: 49 34; 85 41; 86 17
birds – hummingbirds: 7 20; 27 14, 59; 29 2; 30 14, 16; 31 51; 43 67; 55 69; 60 67; 65 1; S(1) 11; 70 60, 61; 74 5; 81 45; 83 8; 84 24; 85 43; 86 32, 33; 91 50, 56
birds – jackdaws: 23 54; 77 45
birds – jays: 49 34; 85 43
birds – kestrels: 18 18; 23 61
birds – kingfishers: 48 1; 53 23
birds – kites: 65 51; 92 32
birds – Knysna woodpecker: 59 32
birds – kookaburras; 71 49, 51, 52; 73 26; 74 27; 83 30; 92 38
birds – king parrots: 73 26
birds – kurrawongs: 83 30
birds – lammergeiers: 72 40
birds – long-tailed tits: 83 12
birds – lorikeets, rainbow: 71 54; 74 27
birds – lyrebirds; 71 49
birds – magpies: 4 14; 43 70; 53 4; 68 54; 71 38; 83 30; 92 32
birds – mallards: 42 74; 44 8; 51 61; 68 25; 82 21
birds – migrating/migratory: 35 32; 42 74; 43 39; 46 69; 61 64; 64 22; 75 54; 82 27; 86 16-23
birds – mistletoe bird: 32 69
birds – mockingbirds: 38 43; 91 56
birds – Nerina trogon: 59 29
birds – nightingale: 22 14; 27 38; 28 19; 36 41; 37 61; 38 10, 14, 43, 44; 45 50; 61 3; 62 15; 66 42; 68 54; 83 12; 85 5; 86 16, 23; 87 75; 92 4
birds – nightjar: 7 7; 60 11
birds – noisy miner: 85 39
birds – northern bald ibis: 58 48
birds – nuthatch: 19 34; 68 25; 85 6
birds – nuthatches, rock: 25 40
birds – olivaceous warbler: 36 42, 44
birds – orioles: 85 43
birds – ospreys: 71 67
birds – owls: 4 14; 9 28; 10 20; 16 19; 25 32; 27 38; 28 25; 46 62; 49 34; 55 49; 60 4; 83 12
birds – owls, barn; 85 46; 88 51
birds – owls, Eurasian scops: 83 12
birds – owls, little: 85 46
birds – owls, short-eared: 83 12
birds – owls, tawny: 19 34
birds – Palestinian sunbirds: 65 45
birds – parakeets: 71 49, 52
birds – parakeets, rosella: 71 51
birds – parrots: 22 27; 37 7; 83 30, 34; 91 54; 92 36
birds – partridges: 58 39
birds – peacocks: 29 44, 51; 44 55; 45 47; 53 34; 79 8; 81 52
birds – pelicans: 44 8; 55 64; 75 55
birds – peregrine falcons: 23 61; 86 24
birds – pheasants: 18 10; 29 51; 43 8; 84 32
birds – pheasant coucals: 83 30
birds – pigeons: 23 54; 29 45; 41 71; 77 45
birds – poultry: 50 43; 51 45, 55; 56 65; 58 40; 72 47
birds – quails: 34 11, 12; 35 64; 58 39; 74 5; 75 28; 87 15
birds – quelea: 75 35
birds – raptors: 86 19
birds – ravens, fan-tailed: 65 44
birds – redstart: 22 14; 86 17
birds – red-tailed hawks: 30 16
birds – red kites: 85 6
birds – ringed plovers: 86 19
birds – robins: 19 59; 22 14; 36 42; 56 63; 63 30; 64 41; 68 52-54; 83 9; 85 39, 44, 45; 86 16, 23
birds – rock thrushes: 72 40
birds – rock thrushes, blue: 19 34; 72 40; 79 19
birds – rollers: 72 40
birds – rooks: 23 54; 77 45
birds – rose-coloured starlings: 72 40
birds – rosy finches: 72 40
birds – sand martins: 56 63
birds – Sardinian warblers: 23 26; 36 41; 59 65; 83 12; 85 6, 44
birds – scrub jays: 25 1; 30 17
birds – seagulls: 46 62; 62 17
birds – serin: 19 34
birds – shore birds: 86 19
birds – skylarks: 45 48; 86 19
birds – snake eagle: 74 37; 79 19; 85 46
birds – songbirds: 71 25; 86 23
birds – southern boobook owl: 74 27
birds – sparrows: 22 14; 23 54; 36 41; 38 43; 43 24; 49 34,41; 51 56; 63 30; 68 52, 53; 71 74; 77 45; 80 46; 83 8; 85 43
birds – spoonbills: 87 59
birds – spur-winged plovers: 71 51
birds – starlings: 4 14; 28 20; 85 43; 90 63
birds – stock doves: 36 42
birds – storks: 36 40; 43 57; 54 59; 65 48, 51; 75 55; 84 31; 86 19
birds – straw-necked ibises: 71 51
birds – subalpine warblers: 85 44
birds – sunbirds: 16 16; 21 22; 59 25; 77 42; 88 54
birds – swallows: 1 4; 4 14; 7 7; 9 28; 10 20; 20 47; 24 22; 25 2; 38 43; 44 52; 46 62; 49 41; 56 63; 68 53; 71 44; 77 8; 85 41; 86 17, 19, 20, 23, 40; 94 10
birds – swans: 31 49; 44 54
birds – swifts: 7 7; 33 65; 36 41; 49 41; 85 6
birds – tawny frogmouths: 83 30
birds – thrushes: 4 14; 36 42; 60 13; 66 42; 85 44
birds – titmice: 68 25
birds – tits: 17 49; 19 34; 22 14; 23 54; 49 41; 60 11; 68 54; 77 45; 83 8
birds – treecreepers: 10 20; 48 5, 6; 68 25
birds – Tristram’s grackles: 65 45
birds – turkey vultures: 48 27
birds – turkeys: 53 2; 65 54
birds – turtle doves: 43 8; 59 31, 32
birds – wagtails: 4 14; 68 52
birds – warblers: 23 54; 60 11; 77 45; 83 9; 84 72; 86 19, 20
birds – white-browed scrub wren: 7427
birds – wild pigeons: 51 56
birds – wood pigeons: 36 42
birds – woodpecker: 31 49; 78 45; 85 40
birds – woodpeckers, green: 68 25, 54
birds- woodpeckers, middle spotted: 68 25
birds – wrens: 36 41; 60 11; 83 9; 85 45
birds – wryneck, Eurasian: 85 40
birds – yellow wagtails: 36 44; 86 16
birds, native: 83 10
Bird’s Eye: 53 57
bird’s-eye speedwell: 84 32
bird’s-foot trefoil: 60 32; 84 32
birdsong: 22 9; 26 47; 30 6; 34 8, 65; 40 8; 45 6; 51 45, 55; 53 4; 58 10; 62 15; 64 22; 65 45; 68 60; 70 48; 74 31, 33; 78 45; 79 30, 54; 82 21; 83 2; 85 3; 86 12; 87 50
Birregurra Landscape Group: 91 3
Bismarkia nobilis: 33 55; 83 61; 92 8
bistort: 72 40
biting stonecrop: 78 38
bitter cherry: 24 15
bitter cress: 60 45
bitter orange: 23 21; 26 29; 27 33; 48 55, 56, 59; 53 37; 79 5, 40; 80 43
Bituminaria bituminosa: 82 62
Black Bean Tree: 83 31
black beetle larvae: 87 32
Black Box: 71 55
black fly: 78 55
black hellebore: 27 83
black mondo grass: 92 14
black nightshade: 60 51; 78 42
black oak: 24 40; 27 14
black pine: 39 47; 73 45, 48; 76 41
Black Sapote: 92 48
Black Sea: 76 41, 43-45
black sheoaks: 69 5
black spot: 5 41; 7 36; 28 49; 33 31; 60 43, 44; 70 68; 76 31; 78 55; 85 35; 89 42
black vine weevil: 94 44
blackberry: 6 47; 18 42; 28 21, 22; 30 14; 50 1; 53 24; 65 32; 81 45; 87 15; 89 16
Black-Eyed Susan: 65 23; 90 39, 41
Blackstonia perfoliata: 73 44
bladder campion: 51 68; 53 56; 91 62
bladderpod: 29 67
Blaikie, Thomas: 29 55-58
Blake, William: 89 21
Blanc, Patrick: 55 1; 58 63
Blanes Botanic Garden: 66 23
Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente: 82 27
Blastophagus: 33 82; 43 5
Blastophagus psenes: 10 10, 11; 33 42; 66 65
Blechnum ‘Silver Lady’: 90 28
bleeding canker of horse chestnuts: 88 62; 94 43
Blepharocalyx cruckshankii: 44 32
Bligh, Beatrice: 44 60
Bligh, William, Captain: 69 55
blight: 53 14; 80 69
Blood Flower: 23 40
blood lily: 75 46; 76 46
Bloomeria: 28 31
Blue Chalk Fingers: 91 64
Blue Chalksticks: 91 64
Blue Gum: 54 19
blue Hesper palm: 87 8
Blue Honeywort: 57 18
Blue Marguerite: 43 33
Blue Mountain Lupin: 76 12
Blue Sage: 515; 82 16
Blue Spurge: 24 28
Blue Star: 15 18
Blue Star Creeper: 91 60
Blue Trumpet Vine: 90 40
Blue Weed: 57 27
bluebell: 10 54; 21 26; 38 21; 44 54; 70 29; 71 49, 63; 74 61; 81 41; 89 10; 90 37
Bluebell Creeper: 63 30
blueberries: 64 49
Blue-Eyed Grass: 6 36; 30 16, 18
Blue-Leaved Wattle: 10 8; 39 22; 45 17, 20
Boat’s End: 71 52
Boboli Gardens: 29 55; 52 33- 35; 78 48, 50
Bocaccio: 51 64; 57 51; 64 16, 17
Boccanegra: 76 68; 79 61, 62; 82 67
Boddy, E. Manchester: 87 10
Bodnant: 17 21
Boehmeria nivea: 13 13
Boer-Bean Tree: 71 21
Boerhaave, Herman: 69 53
Boeri, Stefano: 90 58
bog area, bogs: 70 21; 91 30
bog plants: 86 60, 61
Bog Sage: 3 19; 63 40; S(2) 7
bog-loving plants: 2 12
Boissier de Sauvages, François: 49 5, 6; 57 40, 41, 43; 73 2; 77 79, 80; 86 71
Bokbaai vygies: 27 21
Boletus edulis: 7 8
bolting: 89 31
Bolton Parks Department: 89 65, 66
Bolusanthus speciosus: 78 12
Bomarea lancifolia:44 31
Bomarea ovallei: 83 2
Bomarzo: 58 16
Bombus: 64 52
Bombus sandersonii: 64 53
Bon, Ottavio: 64 5
Bonaparte, Napoleon: 45 46, 49, 51; 49 9; 52 39
bonemeal: 3 48; 49 51; 77 13
Boneseed: 37 16
bonfires: 1 51; 22 23; 28 15; 51 27; 62 20, 27; 67 27; 71 43; 87 59
bonsai: 22 59; 29 55; 50 16; 61 26; 72 9, 41; 80 45
boobialla: 51 20; 77 87
Boojum Tree: 90 13
Boophone: 90 61
Boophone haemanthoides: 21 21; 77 40
borage: 23 30; 43 31; 49 20, 34, 40, 58; 53 24, 56; 55 36; 57 27, 50; 58 36; 66 11; 69 26; 72 17; 84 31, 32
Boraginaceae: 6 33; 39 71; 73 1; 82 61; 91 61, 62
Borago: 6 33
Borago officinalis: 20 40; 43 6, 31; 49 58; 72 17; 84 31 33; 92 26
Borago pygmaea: 72 17
Borassus flabellifer: 68 51
borax: 70 17
Bordeaux mixture: 4 44; 6 47; 54 38; 58 72; 60 44
boreholes: 6 17; 26 28, 38, 59; 47 10; 48 38; 51 68; 53 3, 69; 59 32; 60 3; 62 18; 67 7; 71 57; 87 24; 88 29; 89 43
Borgia, Lucrezia: 55 60
Borgias: 55 57
Bornmuellera tymphaea: 82 61
Boronia: 60 55
BOROUME: 85 69
bosco: 84 52
BoscoVerticale: 90 58
Bosco della Ragnaia: 61 21-24
Bosea amherstiana: 93 44
Bosea cypria: 44 61; 59 55; 93 44
Bosea yervamora: 137; 93 44
Boston Ivy: 22 55; 43 18; 51 19; 62 46; 77 86, 100
Boswellia: 91 16
Botanic Garden of Brest: 23 13
Botanic Garden of Cordoba: 43 57; 80 10
Botanic Garden of Leiden: 69 53
Botanic Garden of Naples: 64 21; 84 45
Botanic Garden of Padua: 79 66
Botanic Garden of the University of Pisa: 23 10; 93 15
botanic gardens: 23 8-13, 15-17; 55 58; 58 4, 6; 65 44
Botanic Gardens Conservation International: 23 8, 13; 75 37
Botanic Gardens of Caixa de Gerona: 47 18
Botanic Institute of the University of Neuchâtel: 90 32, 33
Botanical Garden and Horticulture Eisenhut, San Nazarro: 29 50
Botanical Garden of Palermo: 72 54
Botanical Gardens, Cagliari: 89 60
Botanical Gardens, Florence: 82 67
Botanical Gardens, Singapore: 79 66
Botanical Garden, St Vincent: 69 55
Botanical Garden Troodos 'A.G. Leventis': 61 65
Botanical Gardens of the Georgian Academy of Sciences: 72 38
botanical hotspots: 60 62; 92 8
botanical illustration/drawing: 12 11-18; 76 18, 20, 63; 77 26-33, 82, 83; 83 68; 93 72
botanical nomenclature: 15 40; 17 70; 71 62; 85 52
Botanical Park of Crete: 59 67; 63 62, 65
botanical pharmacopeia, Elba: 93 18
Bothriochloa barbinodis: 48 27
Bothriochloa macra: 37 22
Boti, Cesar Cort: 59 32
botrytis: 76 58
Botticelli: 57 50, 53
bottle tree: 36 30; 83 31
bottlebrush: 5 45; 7 13, 47; 12 22; 13 9, 25; 17 47; 50 18, 72; 51 22; 62 46; 69 9; 72 7; 77 89, 100; 88 31; 91 59; 93 62
bottlebrush, coastal: 88 25
bottlebrush, weeping: 82 13, 16; 85 23
bottom-end rot: 58 32
Bougainville de, Louis-Antoine: 46 37-40
bougainvillea: 7 4, 36; 9 54; 10 4, 19, 20, 23; 12 7, 23, 25; 16 23; 17 33, 54; 18 13, 16, 26, 28, 53; 19 32, 33; 20 48, 52; 21 11, 17, 19, 55, 71, 72; 23 21, 30, 59, 75; 25 33; 26 27, 30, 48, 51, 54, 60; 27 34, 35; 28 6, 19, 47; 30 26, 71; 31 57; 32 7, 57; 35 49; 38 24; 39 6; 40 28,38; 42 58; 43 14, 15, 51; 44 45-47; 46 37, 53; 47 18, 77; 48 69; 49 25, 26; 50 17, 72; 53 31, 39; 58 25; 62 9, 56; 63 58; 66 47; 68 6, 36; 71 42; 77 74-76; 80 12, 43; 81 13, 53; 82 6; 83 3; 84 12; 85 12; 87 49, 59; 88 22, 29; 89 21; 90 51; 91 12; 92 14
Bougainvillea: 4 12, 23; 59 7, 56; 67 42; 69 49; 93 26
Bougainvillea ‘Coconut Ice’: 93 34
Bougainvillea glabra: 1 39; 18 53; 22 72; 55 50; 59 54; 66 47
Bougainvillea glabra 'Sanderiana': 10 4
Bougainvillea hybrids: 4 12
Bougainvillea ‘Mini Thai’: 76 10
Bougainvillea sanderiana: 9 44; 47 20
Bougainvillea 'Sanderiana': 1 39
Bougainvillea spectabilis: 17 33; 19 32; 22 72; 47 9; 66 47; 92 14
Bougainvillea ‘White Cascade’: 92 34
bouillie bordelaise: 86 27, 31
boulders: 25 14; 66 33; 83 21; 85 12; 86 44, 45, 47
Bounty, The: 69 55
Boussingaultia baselloides: 4 15
Bouteloua: 69 36
bower plant: 16 38; 20 24; S(11) 21
Bower Vine: 91 59
Bowles, E.A.: 46 29; 68 26
box/boxwood: 1 5; 2 12; 4 25; 5 11, 48; 6 9, 24, 53; 7 15; 9 32, 33; 15 29; 16 45; 19 25, 66; 20 22; 22 12; 23 22; 26 48, 65; 27 4, 7, 37, 38, 45, 52; 29 20, 52; 31 9; 35 63, 65, 69, 70; 36 25; 38 27, 58, 76; 39 7, 65; 41 4, 5; 42 7, 24, 25, 54, 75; 43 17, 60, 65; 47 47, 49, 51, 54; 48 12, 13; 49 3, 25, 30-32, 44, 61; 50 13, 15, 56; 51 1, 69; 52 33, 34, 36; 53 22, 24, 28; 54 26; 58 8; 61 14; 62 38; 65 14; S(1) 30; 66 1, 10, 12, 36, 37, 57, 59; 67 29; 69 8; 70 47, 48; 71 56, 72; 72 41; 74 31, 41, 56; 75 8, 32; 76 44; 79 8, 18, 47, 49; 80 3, 8, 9; 81 28, 72; 82 23; 84 12; 85 16; 87 20; 90 18; 91 50, 54; 93 28; 94 10, 40
box blight: 55 12; 78 55; 82 23; 94 40
box tree moth: 94 40
box, African: 4 4
box, dwarf: 44 35
box, edging: 46 58
box, Japanese: 6 11
boxleaf azara: 91 61
Brachyscome ‘Country Lights’: 71 58
brachyscomes: 71 58
brachychiton: 16 47; 19 32; 37 12, 14; 45 22; 80 45, 46; 83 31
Brachychiton: 3 8; 7 47; 26 15; 47 19; 49 55, 56; 61 17; 79 55; 83 23
Brachychiton acerifolius: 25 31; 62 2; 80 13; 83 31, 34
Brachychiton bidwillii: 83 31
Brachychiton discolor: 80 13; 83 31; 85 23; 90 68
Brachychiton gregorii: 28 19
Brachychiton populneus: 28 19; 39 22, 55; 49 53, 54; 56 14; 59 22; 62 2; 78 31; 80 40, 45; 83 31; 85 23; 89 16
Brachychiton populneus trilobus: 43 65
Brachychiton rupestris: 80 45; 83 31; 91 52; 92 34
brachycome daisy: 21 27
Brachyglottis: 23 56; 29 43
Brachyglottis greyii: 19 50; 41 19
Brachyglottis 'Sunshine': 39 45
Brachylaena glabra: 16 17; 59 26
Brachypodium retusum: 2 32
bracken: 27 17; 49 63; 55 15; 64 22, 42; S(2) 10
Bracteantha bracteata 'Cockatoo': 24 11
Bracteantha viscosum: 37 14
Bradypodion taeniabronchum: 59 24
brahea: 31 29
Brahea: 80 13; 81 12; 93 26
Brahea armata: 4 19 24; 32 30; 33 55; 36 64; 62 14; 68 51; 71 33; 77 19; 78 13, 65; 81 9; 87 8
Brahea brandegeei: 47 54; 87 8
Brahea dulcis: 5 5; 31 30
Brahea edulis: 26 15; 32 30; 33 55; 68 51; 87 8
Brahea glauca: 4 5
bramble: 1 5; 5 53; 6 20; 9 32; 15 45; 19 59; 20 69; 29 69; 44 41, 42; 52 5; 53 24; 59 1, 2; 60 11, 31; 62 47; 64 42, 44; 72 28; 77 8; 79 33; 80 20; 87 20; 94 10
Brassica balearica: 52 16; 78 69
Brassica campestris: 64 51
Brassica juncea: 56 46
Brassica napus: 64 51
Brassica oleracea: 56 46
Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra: 56 46
Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis: 56 46
Brassicaceae: 64 51; 73 7; 80 54; 82 61; 91 62
brassicas: 56 42, 46; 57 25, 31; 61 60; 64 49
Bravo, Claudio: 81 54
Brazilian Pepper Tree: 76 7
Brazilian Red Cloak: 92 47
breadfruit tree; 69 55
Breath of Heaven: 19 38; S(1) 40; 91 63
breeding stock: 23 48
Breton, André: 85 15
Breyne, Jacob: 80 71
briar: 91 20
brick: 43 18, 31, 57, 62; 75 8, 49
Brillat-Savarin: 91 69
brine: 83 50
briony: 54 30
brise-soleil: 94 36
Bristlecone: 26 21, 22; 63 13
bristly hollyhock: 40 35; 76 13
British Clematis Society: 53 48
British Library: 79 72
British Museum: 65 67
Brittlebush: 24 14; 28 69
Briza: 68 5
Briza media: 9 25
broadleaf wild leek: 76 16
broccoli: 49 24; 58 37; 67 15; 70 50, 55
broccolini: 58 33
brodiaea: 29 43
Bromeliaceae: 23 14
bromeliads: 4 3, 5, 9; 18 49, 59; 38 74; 43 25; 64 24; 73 62; 77 16, 19, 22; 80 13; 83 33, 57, 60, 61; 88 57; 89 59; 90 28; 91 26; 92 39
Bronze Age: 72 42; 85 2, 5; 87 67
broodboom: 88 56
brook: 93 40-42
broom: 4 31; 6 25; 10 25; 18 16; 19 22; 22 14; 35 38; 43 44; 47 20; 53 18, 24, 56; 57 48; 62 31; 64 45; 70 3, 48; 77 66; 89 16, 19; 91 64; 92 28; 93 13
broom, bridal: 89 16
broom, common: 90 60
broom, French: 54 19
broom, Montpellier: 57 38
broom, Portuguese: 54 19
broom, Scotch: 54 19; 90 60
broom, Spanish: 54 19
broomrape: 17 53; 54 56; 83 38
broomrape, scalloped: 52 64
Broussonet, Pierre Marie Auguste: 49 7; 77 81; 86 71
Broussonetia papyrifera: 13 14, 40; 39 44; 50 7
brown rot fungus: 60 44
Brown, Capability: 6 6, 9; 17 13; 20 55; 47 66; 49 2; 58 5; 69 32; 79 65
Brown, Robert: 74 15; 81 61
Browning, Robert: 60 14, 17
browse line: 84 25
browsing: 63 7-10; 70 43; 80 57
brugmansia: 27 50; 29 16; 31 22, 23; 35 70; 41 23; 42 26, 28; 43 39, 41; 44 46; 46 13, 18, 28; 53 35, 51, 52; 66 27; 71 54; 77 75; 79 61; 89 19
Brugmansia: 8 4; 18 9, 67; 19 47, 49; 20 23, 25; 26 51; 41 47; 46 14, 19; 51 55; 53 50; 55 40; 82 39; 93 13
Brugmansia arborea: 32 57; 53 51; 54 61; 71 60
Brugmansia aurea: 53 33, 51
Brugmansia sanguinea: 18 9; 31 24; 53 50, 51
Brugmansia sanguinea ssp. vulcanicola: 75 50
Brugmansia suaveolens: 18 9; 19 47, 49; 28 48; 53 50, 51
Brugmansia versicolor: 53 51; 70 62
Brugmansia vulcanicola: 53 51
Brugmansia × candida: 20 23; 53 51
Brugmansia × candida ‘Grand Marnier’: 72 33
Brugmansia × candida 'Knightii': 20 23; 31 23
Brugmansia × candida 'Variegata Sunset': 31 23
Brugmansia × insignis: 32 57; 53 51
Brunfelsia americana: 56 9
Brunfelsia australis: 55 53
Brunfelsia latifolia: 92 33
Bruniaceae: 51 6
brunnera: 57 23
Brunsvigia: 90 61
Brunsvigia josephinae: 19 62; 91 13
brunsvigias: 21 20; 77 40
brush cutter: 92 43, 44
brush pile: 85 45
Brussels sprouts: 58 33, 38; 63 72
Brutinel Gardens: 84 10-14
Bryant, Susan Bixby: 90 11
Buchloe dactyloides: 55 70; 65 36
Buchner, Giorgio: 83 57
buchu: 16 17; 19 35; S(1) 37; 71 21; 88 57; 89 51
buck brush: 49 63
buckeye: 27 14; 30 13, 14; 55 64; 74 5; 80 24, 25; 84 24
Buckinghamia celsissima: 83 31, 34
Buckley, Declan: 46 21
buckthorn: 6 20; 15 26; 22 1; 37 16; 39 22; 53 24; 62 14, 43, 46; 64 41; S(1) 27; 76 7; 77 97, 100; 82 44; 93 11, 14
buckthorn, alder: 64 41
buckwheat: 15 7; 18 39-41; 28 28, 69; 55 2; 74 4; 77 36; 80 66; 84 24; 91 60
Buckwheat, rosy: 18 40
Buckwheat, saffron: 18 39
Buckwheat, Santa Cruz Island; 18 41
Buckwheat, sulphur-flowered: 18 40
Buda: 70 30
Buddha's Hand: 43 45; 74 51; 91 11
buddleia/buddleja: 1 22; 6 57; 14 41; 18 11; 23 24; 30 63; 35 24, 35, 38, 64; 42 54; 43 49, 80; 48 7; 64 40, 41, 44, 46, 47; 67 12; 69 23-25; 77 63, 66, 107-109; 89 16; 92 55
Buddleja: 4 14; 14 41; 19 47; 21 47; 22 17; 26 53; 46 14, 19, 80; 60 8; 69 28
Buddleja americana: 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja asiatica: 69 23; 77 107
Buddleja asiatica × officinalis: 59 6
Buddleja auricula: 5 5
Buddleja auriculata: 35 35; 69 23; 77 63, 107
Buddleja colvilei: 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja cordata: 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja crispa: 35 38; 69 38; 77 66
Buddleja cultivars: 46 81
Buddleja davidii: 35 38; 46 14; 54 23, 67; 61 69; 69 24; 75 34; 77 66, 108
Buddleja davidii nanhoensis: 19 47
Buddleja fallowiana: 35 38; 77 66
Buddleja fallowiana 'Lochinch': 39 6
Buddleja farreri: 30 63; 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja glomerata: 67 62; 75 63
Buddleja lindleyana: 69 25; 77 109
Buddleja 'Lochinch': 50 10; 59 6; 67 12; 86 26
Buddleja loricata: 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja madagascariensis: 35 35; 39 4; 69 23; 77 63, 107; 82 7
Buddleja 'Nora Warre': 35 35; 77 63
Buddleja officinalis: 32 37; 35 35; 38 82; 42 28; 59 6; 67 12; 69 23, 25; 77 63, 107, 109
Buddleja saligna: 64 24; 77 108
Buddleja salviifolia:1 22; 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja tibetica: 69 24; 77 108
Buddleja yunnanensis: 69 25; 77 109
Buddleja × lewisiana ‘Margaret Pike’: 69 23; 77 107
Buddleja × weyeriana: 35 38; 77 66
Buffalo Bill: 44 8
buffalo grass: 65 36
Buffon: 49 8; 77 82
Bufo bufo: 85 45
bugle: 43 32
Bugle Lily: 71 21
bugloss: 23 30; 52 17; 59 13
bugloss, viper's: 62 47
Buglossoides purpurocaerulea: 83 38
bugs: 42 44; 57 58
building codes: 80 31, 32, 36
bulb farming: 79 71
bulb foliage, plaiting: 34 20
bulbils: 63 17
Bulbine: 52 8
Bulbine bulbosa: 37 21
Bulbine frutescens: 57 18; 73 62; 83 22; 84 37; 91 63
Bulbinella floribunda: 11 30; 27 24
Bulbinella latifolia: 21 22; 77 42
Bulbinella nutans: 21 21; 77 41
bulbs:1 8; 2 16, 43, 52; 3 34, 36; 4 21, 31, 42, 43, 46, 52; 6 24; 8 41; 9 11, 46; 10 54; 15 3, 6, 7, 18, 50; 16 18, 19, 26, 31; 17 24, 28, 29, 32, 58; 18 1, 43, 59, 62; 19 62, 66; 20 23, 25, 28, 38, 67; 21 19, 22, 26, 48, 69, 70; 22 1, 15, 67; 23 48; 24 9, 39, 54, 58; 25 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 51, 60; 26 11; 27 14, 21-25, 59, 65, 66, 81, 82; 28 17, 31, 46, 47, 66; 29 6, 38, 43; 30 22; 31 5, 25-29, 42, 52, 53, 60, 61, 72; 32 20, 24, 69; 33 29; 34 6, 19; 35 38, 61; 36 2, 8; 37 29, 34, 39, 40, 43, 44, 60; 38 9, 81, 82; 39 35, 51; 40 54, 67; 41 15, 44, 71; 42 6, 9, 55; 43 17, 26, 44, 60, 62, 67; 45 20, 26, 27, 29, 30, 48, 58, 61, 64 46 23, 57, 77, 93, 96; 47 1, 41, 62; 48 14, 27, 45; 49 12, 40, 64; 50 3, 4, 9,12, 17, 55; 51 5, 16, 76; 52 5, 9, 44, 61; 53 66, 72; 54 61; 55 8, 15, 16, 27, 35, 39, 54, 55; 56 3, 4, 55, 57, 67; 57 3-6, 64; 58 54, 55, 58; 59 2, 8, 16, 51, 56, 57; 61 9, 46; 62 49, 64-66; 63 22, 26, 33, 34, 73; 64 17, 23, 35, 38, 49, 66; 66 60, 61; 67 12, 46, 69; 68 26, 28, 30, 32; 69 2; S(2) 17-19; 70 7, 46; 71 6, 19, 21, 51, 55, 56; 72 5, 10, 22, 33, 56, 67; 73 16, 17, 23, 24, 36, 62, 63; 74 24, 35, 60, 61; 75 2, 3, 46, 47; 76 14-16, 48; 77 12, 35, 36, 39, 42, 43, 66, 102, 103, 116; 78 3, 10, 14, 31, 33, 43, 45, 63, 69; 79 16, 44, 67, 68, 71; 80 2, 15, 39; 82 33-39, 44, 45; 83 1-3, 43; 84 2, 20 27-29, 34, 38, 39, 40 41, 59, 61, 62; 85 25, 47, 48, 72; 86 27, 62; 87 20, 33, 35, 44, 47, 75; 88 7, 11, 31, 36, 39, 43, 50, 53, 57, 58; 89 16, 54, 55, 57, 59; 90 3, 35-37, 61, 62, 68; 91 14; 93 28, 30-32; 94 14
bulbs, autumn flowering: 42 69
bulbs, Cape: 6 24; 8 5
bulbs, Eastern Mediterranean: 84 59-62
bulbs, Middle Eastern: 78 3
bulbs, naturalised: 90 37
bulbs, South African: 4 43; 56 9, 69; 57 68; 79 60, 68; 80 2
bulbs, spring flowering: 5 37; 19 48; 21 26; 42 6; 56 25; 78 34, 56; 83 1, 2; 84 20; 89 16
bulbs, summer flowering: 69 49
bulbs, West Cape South African: 75 3; 83 1
bulbs, winter flowering: 52 27
bulrushes: 9 27; 45 20
bulldozer: 68 34
Bulwer-Lytton, Edward: 81 67
Bunium bulbocastanum: 73 72
bunny tails: 88 13, 17
Buñuel, Luis: 35 10; 85 15
Bunya Pine: 78 18; 83 31
Bunyard, Edward Ashdown: 38 5-14
bunyip: 69 8
Bupleurum: 6 33; 8 7; 52 7; 66 36
Bupleurum barceloi: 67 61
Bupleurum flavum: 59 70
Bupleurum fruticosum: 6 24; 18 1; 22 37; 50 10; 59 7; 67 12; 74 40; 75 63; 84 18, 21; 85 31
Bupleurum gaudianum: 63 11
Burchardia: 51 6
Burchellia bubaline: 89 54
Burckhardt, Jacob: 55 57
burdock: 57 35; 64 4
Buriti palm: 32 31
Burle Marx, Roberto: 29 7, 8; 45 31; 46 17; 80 47
Burmese honeysuckle: 31 51
Burning Bush: 46 12; 73 48
burn-offs: 51 20; 77 87
Burns, Robert: 30 37; 66 1
Burnside: 69 62
Burragea frutescens: 30 70
Bursaria spinosa: 37 21
Busbeq, Ogier Ghislain de: 78 63
Bush Anemone: 28 29; 30 17; 33 2; 81 44
bush fires: 51 4, 18, 21, 22, 29, 31, 79; 55 6; 65 16; 70 33
bush germander: 47 49; 76 10; 92 33
Bush Monkeyflower: 24 14
Bush Poppy: 24 15; 28 29, 69
Bush Sunflower: 84 24
Busy Lizzie: 18 13; 36 38; 46 11; 47 20, 52; 64 23; 93 61
butcher's broom: 22 7; 39 22; 48 11; 49 44; 54 27, 30; 59 43; 60 9; 64 30; 70 7
Butea monosperma: 58 51
butenolide: 58 45
Butia: 7 46; 93 26
Butia capitata: 11 43; 19 24; 32 59; 33 55; 44 36; 47 52; 63 16; 64 24; 68 51; 71 33; 78 13
Butia yatay: 21 15; 36 64; 44 36; 47 54
buttercups: 9 17; 19 31; 41 51; 70 47
butterflies: 1 14, 22; 2 5, 39; 4 14; 9 28; 14 41; 23 53-55; 24 1, 70; 27 11, 33, 59; 29 47; 31 51, 53, 54, 79; 33 50, 82; 35 35, 38; 36 22, 41; 38 44; 40 9; 41 49; 42 74; 43 49, 61; 45 48, 51; 49 34, 67; 51 61; 52 56; 55 11; 56 12; 57 49; 59 66; 60 3, 4, 11; 64 40-47, 51, 52; 65 24, 71; 68 24; 69 25, 38, 52; 70 60, 61; 71 54; 72 36; 75 1, 34, 35; 77 44-46, 63, 66, 108, 109; 78 26, 43, 53, 55; 83 6, 8, 11, 12, 34; 84  22, 24; 85 40-43, 60; 89 59; 90 7, 13, 14, 32, 49, 50; 91 50, 55; 92 10, 19
butterflies – Cabbage White: 29 47; 60 4; 64 47; 65 24; 75 1; 78 55; 94 38
butterflies – Camberwell Beauty: 64 45
butterflies – Comma: 23 53; 77 44
butterflies – Coppers: 60 4
butterflies – Coppers, Small: 64 42
butterflies – Emperor: 66 42
butterflies – Fritillary: 23 53; 64 41; 77 44
butterflies – Fritillary, Dark Green: 64 41
butterflies – Fritillary, High Brown: 64 41
butterflies – Fritillary, Silver-Washed: 64 41
butterflies – Geranium Bronze: 4 42; 5 27; 83 11
butterflies – Grayling: 23 53; 64 44; 77 44
butterflies – Hairstreaks: 64 45
butterflies – Large Blue: 74 37
butterflies – Large Tortoiseshell: 64 44
butterflies – Little Blue: 64 45
butterflies – Monarch: 91 50
butterflies – Painted Lady: 23 53; 64 40, 41, 47; 77 44
butterflies – Pea Blue: 74 22
butterflies – Peacock: 23 53; 64 42; 77 44; 83 11
butterflies – Skippers: 64 45
butterflies – Southern White Admiral: 83 11
butterflies – Red Admiral: 23 53; 60 4; 64 40, 41, 44, 47; 77 44
butterflies – Small Tortoiseshell: 23 53; 64 44; 77 44
butterflies – Swallowtail: 7 7; 10 20; 23 53; 45 48; 60 4; 71 74; 72 36; 77 44; 83 11; 90 59
butterflies – Swallowtail, Scarce: 64 41
butterflies – Two-Tailed Pasha: 64 45
butterflies – Wanderer/Monarch: 31 79
Butterfly Bush: 46 14; 64 47
butterfly larvae: 83 11
butternut squash: 62 39
butterspoon tree: 88 56
Buxaceae: 82 61
Buxus: 7 49; 15 68; 19 25, 65, 69; 20 40; 21 12; 22 12; 38 74; 41 4; 64 71; 66 36; 75 8; 76 51
Buxus balearica: 52 11; 57 5; 59 7; 67 12, 58, 59, 61
Buxus colchica: 76 44
Buxus microphylla var. japonica: 4 25; 19 25
Buxus rotundifolia: 53 24
Buxus sempervirens: 13 45; 14 30; 19 25, 65, 69; 20 40; 32 70; 36 28; 38 27; 47 8; 48 12; 53 24; 59 7; 64 51; 67 12; 70 48; 75 32; 79 18, 50; 80 3; 82 61; 84 12; 94 40
Byron: 71 32


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