Mediterranean Garden Society

The Mediterranean Garden

The photograph at the top of this page shows Convolvulus cneorum seen at the Fondation Marc de Montalembert in Rhodes (Photo Alisdair Aird)

C
cabbage: 2 44; 4 45; 8 50; 42 64; 46 12, 37; 48 49; 49 24; 52 33; 56 46, 62; 58 12; 63 72; 69 61; 89 49
cabbage, wild: 78 69
cabbage family: 64 4
cabbage palmetto: 32 29
cabbage root fly: 56 62
Cabbage Tree: 35 18
cabbage-tree palm: 93 8
cabbages, Chinese: 56 46
cabbages, red: 58 33
cabbages, Savoy: 58 33
Cabrera, Antonio: 93 28
Cabral, Carolos Alberto: 90 17, 20
Cachrys sicula: 90 23
Cactaceae: 72 8
cacti: 3 4; 4 2; 5 13; 6 13,19; 7 3; 10 22; 17 8, 27; 18 16, 69; 19 27, 61; 20 15, 52; 21 30; 22 22, 55; 23 30; 24 34-36; 25 29, 47; 26 46, 47, 49, 50; 28 6, 12, 24; 31 49; 32 15, 53; 35 72; 36 14-16, 65; 37 14; 38 71, 74, 83; 39 21; 40 9; 41 6; 42 81; 43 14, 21; 46 47, 54; 47 6, 8, 20, 62; 48 18, 37; 49 25; 50 59; 52 18, 19, 20; 55 14, 15, 49; 56 1; 57 68; 58 65; 59 7; 6 0 3, 8, 51, 64, 65; 63 22, 44-46; 64 21, 24, 65; 67 8, 39, 51; 68 15, 16; 69 2, 65, 66; 72 72; 73 59; 75 18, 19; 76 42, 44, 66; 77 2, 16; 79 56; 80 14; 81 1, 15, 16, 21, 53-56; 82 8; 83 22; 84 38, 45; 86 8, 9, 50; 87 87; 88 22, 23; 91 12, 16; 92 24, 28, 38; 93 22; 94 6, 64
Cactoblastis moth: 63 45
cactus, bishop's cap: 4 2; 77 16
cactus, creeping devil's: 31 56
cactus, fish hook: 32 53
cactus, golden ball: 4 2; 32 53; 77 16
cactus, golden barrel: 4 2; 32 49
cactus, old man's: 4 2; 5 13; 32 53; 77 16
cactus, old man’s beard: 82 8
cactus, peyotl: 75 2
cactus, Saguaro: 32 53
cactus, snowball: 4 3; 77 16
Cactus: 93 25
Cacyreus marshalli: 5 27; 15 44; 83 12
Caesalpinia: 19 47, 57; 22 17; 29 69
Caesalpinia ferrea: 83 2
Caesalpinia gilliesii: 1 11; 10 25; 11 42; 19 47, 57; 32 3; 86 8
Caesalpinia japonica: 1 11
Caesalpinia pulcherrima: 18 62; 82 16
Caetani Foundation: 84 53, 54
Caetani, Lelia: 48 7
Caetani, Roffredo: 48 7, 8
Cagliari Botanical Gardens: 89 60
Cahors: 74 37-41
Caius Cestius: 49 28
Caix de Gerona Botanical Gardens: 47 18
Cal Poly: 87 15, 16
Calabrian pine: 39 47; 40 34
caladium: 46 24, 34
Caladium bicolour ‘Candidum’: 83 61
Caladium bicolour ‘White Queen’: 83 61
calamintha: 35 63
Calamintha nepeta: 19 52
Calamagrostis: 91 61
Calathea ‘Zebrina’: 90 28
Calatrava, Santiago: 82 31
calcarenite: 84 14
calcareous landscape: 74 41
calcareous soils: 14 16, 33; S(2) 18
calcareous subsoil: 72 42, 44
calceolaria: 46 23, 29
Calceolaria mexicana: 21 67
calciferous soil: 66 47
calcifuge plants: 40 72
calcium: 12 25; 13 22; 26 38-40; 27 46; 30 48; 48 39, 40; 49 32, 51; S(1) 13; 69 19, 20; 74 17, 20, 21
calcium bicarbonate: 48 38
calcium carbonate: 48 38; 59 76; 73 48
calcium deficiency: 58 32
calcium nitrate: 74 23
calcium sulphate: 48 38
Caldcluvia paniculata: 44 35
calendula: 9 16; 16 29, 48; 17 34
Calendula: 1 49; 19 9; 26 49; 56 55; 83 70; 92 26
Calendula arvensis: 16 29; 48 10; 64 51; 65 47; 73 66; 79 14
Calendula officinalis: 4 28; 17 34; 70 26, 29; 78 42
Calibanus: 22 62
Calicotome spinosa: 21 42; 22 37, 38; 43 44; 51 14
Calicotome villosa: 21 42; 22 37, 38; 65 50; 85 36; 87 39, 41
California Academy of Sciences: 55 1, 64
California Bagpipe Cane: 73 30
California bay: 30 13, 18; 31 80; 34 2; 74 5; 80 24; 81 45
California black walnut: 90 11
California buckeye: 6 35; 30 18; 80 24, 25
California buckwheat: 24 14
California Citrus Growers' Association: 48 56
California conifers: 73 46
California desert natives: 90 12
California Endangered Species Act: 28 28
California fan palm: 31 57; 90 12
California fescue: 6 35; 74 7; 80 25
California Fuchsia: 6 36; 27 14; 29 1; 30 17, 18; 31 52; 42 81; 47 52; 70 60; 74 4; 82 17; 84 24; 86 33
California Grape: 6 36; 30 18; 84 25
California holly: 28 29; 74 5
California huckleberry: 30 16, 18
California Lilac: 31 14; 44 16; 65 16; 72 8; 82 17; 85 51
California live oak: 28 31; 36 25
California Native Plant Society: 81 46
California native plants: 45 61, 63; 69 57; 70 59-61; 91 1, 48, 51, 57
California native seeds: 90 15
California oak root fungus: 28 27
California oatgrass: 49 63
California pepper tree: 38 20; 91 53
California plantain: 55 1
California plants: 28 1, 29-31; 29 23-28, 71; 30 13-19
California plants, rare: 78 1
California poppy: 31 52; 38 43; 40 35; 42 81; 54 20; 55 2; 71 27; 83 1; 84 54; 87 11; 89 15; 90 12
California privet: 29 12
California rose: 6 36
California sagebrush: 24 14; 80 65, 66; 87 11; 91 60
California spice bush: 38 21
California Sycamore: 82 13, 14
California tree anemone: 28 26
California wax myrtle: 30 16
California walnut: 30 18; 74 5
Caligula: 54 50
Caliph Ma'mun: 58 9
calla lilies: 1 8; 5 10; 41 4; 77 13; 91 64; 94 15
Calliandra californica: 91 49; 94 57
Calliandra tweedii: 94 57
Callimachus: 69 68
Callimorpha quadripunctaria: 90 8
Callirhoe involucrata: 80 3
callistemon: 7 47; 29 6; 35 48; 41 24; 55 69; 62 14; 69 5; 70 44; 76 45; 79 46; 91 20
callistemon, weeping: 85 23
Callistemon: 3 8; 4 12; 5 5; 21 16, 25, 28; 22 17; 50 18, 72; 53 19; 55 14; 62 57; 72 7; 79 55; 91 59; 93 24
Callistemon citrinus: 6 14; 11 42; 17 40; 21 16; 29 17; 62 46; 71 34; 77 100
Callistemon citrinus 'Splendens': 13 9
Callistemon ‘Little John’: 76 10
Callistemon phoeniceus: 67 62
Callistemon rigidus: 71 34
Callistemon speciosus: 13 25
Callistemon viminalis: 6 14; 82 13, 18; 85 23
callitris: 37 14 
Callitris: 21 2
Callitris gracilis: 37 21
Callitris preissii: 71 70
Calluna: 14 25
Calluna vulgaaris: 82 47, 48
Calocedrus: 49 48
Calocedrus decurrens: 31 58
Calocephalus brownii: 80 22; 84 20
Calodendrum capense: 43 16
Calochortus: 28 31
Calochortus clavatus: 90 12
Calonyction aculeatum: 20 25; 28 18; 65 24, 26
Calopsis paniculata: 59 25
Calostemma purpureum: 37 21
Calothamnus: 4 2
Calotropis procera: 65 45; 76 9
Caltha palustris: 82 55, 63
Calvaria: 42 61
Calycanthus: 42 25
Calycanthus floridus: 94 54, 61
Calycanthus occidentalis: 38 21
Calystegia silvatica: 18 6
Calystegia soldanella: 21 41
Calytrix: 58 44
CAM photosynthesis: 78 38
Cambridge Botanic Garden: 89 66; 90 70
camellia: 4 7; 5 11, 13; 28 65; 29 43, 49-53; 35 18; 36 6, 12; 37 15; 38 9, 15, 20, 76; 40 71; 46 23, 76, 87, 91; 49 14; 53 33; 60 26; 64 21; 71 55; 73 26; 77 20; 78 53; 79 54, 58; 81 8; 87 10; 88 7, 8, 11, 25; 89 7; 91 53, 77; 93 62; 94 4, 5, 8
Camellia Festival: 36 6
camellia hedges: 94 4
camellia petal blight: 55 12
Camellia: 8 7; 19 47; 20 61, 62; 21 26; 22 33, 34; 49 32
Camellia granthamiana: 88 8
Camellia japonica: 19 47; 53 33; 79 58; 94 5
Camellia japonica ‘Bokuhan’: 88 8
Camellia japonica ‘Dona Herzilia de Freitas Magalhaes’: 88 8
Camellia lutchuensis: 88 8
Camellia pitardii: 88 8
Camellia sasanqua: 19 47; 89 9
Camellia sasanqua ‘Mine-no-yuki’: 88 7
Camellia sinensis: 20 62; 4535; 4958; 89 7
Cameraria ohridella: 94 43
Camp de Tende: 52 22; 58 6
campanula: 6 26, 52; 11 8, 17; 13 46; 14 7; 25 37; 26 52; S(2) 12; 71 57; 73 18; 83 38
campanula seed: 14 7
Campanula: 19 6; 20 45; 56 11; 76 44; 80 55
Campanula alliariifolia: 72 40
Campanula andrewsii: 25 40
Campanula andrewsii ssp. andrewsii: 25 40
Campanula andrewsii ssp. hirsutula: 25 42
Campanula asperuloides: 25 42
Campanula betulifolia: 80 56
Campanula carpatica: 40 39
Campanulacelsiissp. parnesia: 75 42
Campanula celsii ssp. spathulifolia: 25 40
Campanula cochleariifolia: 33 26
Campanula foliosa: 87 68
Campanula fragilis: 59 14
Campanula garganica: 3 32; 11 42; 19 6
Campanula glomerata: 80 55
Campanula lactiflora: 11 17
Campanula latilobia: 11 17
Campanula lingulata: 73 43
Campanula lyrata: 61 50
Campanula muralis: 39 40, 45; 90 29
Campanula nisyria: 56 56
Campanula persicifolia: 11 17
Campanula portenschlagiana: 39 40, 45; 57 17, 18; 83 28; 90 29
Campanula poscharskyana: 78 35
Campanula punctata var. punctata: S(2) 12
Campanula ramosissima: 54 57; 82 61; 83 38
Campanula rapunculus: 3 32; 11 17
Campanula rhodensis: 90 8
Campanula rotundifolia: 10 54
Campanula rupestris: 16 27
Campanula rupicola: 20 40
Campanula sparsa: 11 17
Campanula spathulata: 21 57; 54 57; 82 61
Campanula spatulata: 83 38
Campanula symphandra ssp. cretica: 17 59
Campanula takesimana: 6 26; S(2) 12
Campanula trachelium: 11 17
Campanula trichopoda: 82 61
Campanula tubulosa: 25 43, 44
Campanulaceae: 75 42; 82 39, 61; 91 60
Campbell, Maybud: 49 16; 52 27
camphor laurel: 84 47
camphor tree: 28 6; 29 52, 53; 43 39; 57 23; 89 6, 9, 38
Camphorosma monspeliaca: 57 39, 42
Campi, Vincenzo: 78 49
campion, red: 42 53
campsis: 43 15; 44 45, 46; 77 74, 75; 87 55
Campsis: 3 7; 14 28; 18 26-28, 53; 19 33; 20 40; 22 55; 26 49; 39 6; 5017; 5633; S(1)17, 18; 66 45; 76 23; 81 14; 82 23; 83 74; 90 40
Campsis grandiflora: 14 29; 20 40; 26 30; 32 6; 56 33; S(1) 18; 70 69
Campsis 'Mme. Galen': 14 29; S(1) 18
Campsis radicans: 5 11; 14 29; 18 26; 19 32, 47; 22 55; 33 51; 35 41; 36 28; 53 31; 56 33; 62 46; S(1) 18; 70 69; 77 100; 82 6
Campsis radicans var. 'Flava': 35 41
Campsis × tagliabuana: 3 8; 14 29; S(1) 18
Can Estel: 67 43
Canadian rye grass: 18 17
canals: 21 11, 40; 22 60; 24 45, 50-52; 26 48; 87 45, 51
Canarian Dragon Tree: 39 9
Canarina canariensis: 82 39-41; 90 1
Canary Island bellflower: 82 39; 90 1
Canary Island Dandelion: 93 1
Canary Island ivy: 62 46; 70 36
Canary Island marguerite: 40 25
Canary Island palm: 1 33; 4 4; 32 29, 33; 35 16; 39 9; 63 12; 68 41; 77 17, 68
Canary Island plants: 67 21, 39; 77 68-73; 80 10
Canary Island pine: 25 57; 29 6; 43 58; 51 12; 52 17
Canary Island ivy: 77 100
Canberra Botanic Garden: 19 4
candlenut tree: 4 2; 77 15
Candlewood: 59 26
candytuft: 4 28; 43 31
cane matting: 81 8
canes: 91 19, 20
canker, cypress: 78 1
cankers: 76 48
canna: 5 18, 19; 12 22; 22 13; 26 50, 51; 30 51, 71; 31 53; 32 3; 40 15, 50; 43 12, 15, 21; 44 35; 46 17, 18, 21, 22, 24, 27, 34, 82; 47 25; 52 26, 55; 55 35, 52; 62 55; 63 23; 64 36; 66 25; 67 22, 73; 68 58; S(2) 10, 11; 75 50; 80 13; 89 24; 90 25, 26
Canna: 4 31; 46 9, 10, 12, 13, 24, 28; 55 14; 64 35
Canna 'Annaeei': 46 33
Canna 'Durban': 40 15; 42 80
Canna flaccida: 5 19; S(2) 11
Canna indica: 5 19; 8 4; 26 51; 39 7; 46 17, 31; 53 34; 59 54; S(2) 11; 82 31
Canna 'Musifolia': 46 33
Canna × ehemanii: 46 33
Cannabis sativa: 46 33; 58 47
Canne de Provence: 73 30, 32, 34
canopy: 49 43, 46, 49; 85 31, 39
Canterbury bells: 42 10
Cape Beech: 59 26
Cape Floral/Floristic Kingdom: 71 17, 19; 89 51
Cape Floral Region: 90 55
Cape Forget-Me-Not: 21 26
Cape Gooseberry: 69 15, 21; 70 13
Cape Guava: 49 12
Cape honey flower: 92 33
Cape Honeysuckle: 15 23; 16 40; 19 62; 20 25; 22 71; 40 22, 24; 62 46; S(1) 19, 22; 66 47; 77 100; 91 64
Cape Rosemary: 21 23; 77 42
Cape Rush: 91 63
Cape Snapdragon: 91 64
Cape Snow: 58 46
Cape St Vincent Peninsula National Park: 78 58
Cape Tree: 71 21
Cape Tulip: 18 43; 91 64
Capel Manor College: 69 9
caper: 2 28; 4 32; 16 27; 20 6; 23 61; 26 31; 32 38, 40, 41; 39 85; 49 59; 50 11; 56 64, 65; 58 27-30, 71; 59 47, 75, 76; 60 57; 72 44; 73 23; 82 10, 11; 83 16, 18, 56; 86 28; 87 33
caper, fig: 76 9
capillary action: 25 49; 80 26
capillary matting: 1 52; 61 20
capparis: 26 12
Capparis: 20 6; 22 17; 59 47; 69 32
Capparis aphylla: 58 52
Capparis brevispina: 58 28
Capparis cartilaginea: 76 9
Capparis decidua: 58 28, 52
Capparis orientalis: 58 28; 82 10; 83 16
Capparis ovata: 5828
Capparis quinquefolia: 76 43
Capparis rupestris: 32 38
Capparis sicula: 58 28; 87 44
Capparis spinosa: 3 30; 16 27; 20 6; 32 38; 39 85; 46 89; 56 64; 59 70; 60 57; 73 23; 78 31, 35; 80 55; 86 28; 90 51
Capparis spinosa var. inermis: 58 27; 83 16
Capparis zeylanica: 58 28
caprification: 10 10, 11; 66 65
Caprifoliaceae: 82 61; 91 64
Capsella bursa-pastoris: 14 26
Capsicum: 75 24
Capsicum annuum: 56 39
Capsicum minimum: 28 41
capsicums: 8 45
Caragana arborescens: 64 31
Caralluma munbyana: 23 52
carambola: 64 70
caraway: 64 40; 82 45
carbon: 92 52
carbon dioxide: 47 59; 48 16, 21, 38; 58 70; 80 61; 83 56
carbon dioxide transfer: 78 38
carbon, organic: 47 50
Cardamine enneaphyllos: 73 48
Cardamine hirsuta: 60 45
Cardamine pratensis: 51 61
Cardamine raphanifolia ssp. acris: 82 61
cardamom: 42 65; 79 60
Cardiocrinum giganteum: 57 25; 71 70
cardoons: 6 46; 22 12; 57 29; 62 39; 68 5; 89 19
Carduelis carduelis: 85 43; 86 19
Carduncellus: 57 41
Carduncellus dianius: 67 61; 92 8
Carduncellus monspeliensium: 57 42
Carduus: 14 40; 23 53, 54; 77 44, 45
Caretta caretta: 40 44
Carex: 21 58; 64 71, 72; 91 60
Carex appressa: 37 22
Carex barbarae: 57 17
Carex breviculmis: 37 22
Carex comans: 93 2
Carex elata 'Aurea': 57 18
Carex fascicularis: 37 22
Carex inversa var. inversa: 37 22
Carex tumulicola: 30 18
Carica chilensis: 42 61
Carica papaya: 13 13; 69 15; 70 17; 74 71
Carica × pentagona ‘Babaco’: 71 50
carissa: 26 29; 56 25
Carissa: 28 15; 93 25
Carissa bispinosa: 26 47
Carissa macrocarpa: 25 33; 31 56; 52 5; 67 62; 76 10, 17; 87 57
Carmel Mission: 55 64
Carmel Sur Manzanita: 82 16
Carmen de los Mártires: 79 7
Carmen del Fundación Rodríguez-Acosta: 79 7
Carmichaelia sativa: 44 36
carminic acid: 63 45
carnation: 6 13; 8 45; 20 15; 21 26; 27 35; 31 43; 42 7; 47 40; 49 21; 60 14; 69 52; 70 26; 78 62; 80 21
carnivorous plants: 32 18; 80 13; 83 61
carob: 1 53; 2 33; 3 42; 4 31, 45; 5 5; 8 45; 9 18; 10 23, 44; 15 26; 16 28, 31, 33, 34; 18 15; 19 11, 68, 83; 20 38; 25 9; 26 54; 28 6, 24, 51; 37 57; 39 6, 22; 40 40, 45; 43 5, 10; 45 16, 17; 49 21-23; 52 55; 53 3, 10; 56 12; 57 5, 68, 69; 58 1, 65, 66; 59 5, 46, 53, 60; 62 43; 63 32, 60, 67, 68; 64 13, 32; S(1) 27; 66 5; 67 5, 10, 43, 44; 68 4, 7, 9; 69 62; 72 44, 70; 75 3; 77 97, 101; 81 17, 24; 82 7, 46; 88 35; 90 22, 23; 91 6 10, 32, 33, 61; 92 17; 93 16, 36
carp: 44 54
carp, koi: 47 50, 52; 48 27; 53 34
carpenteria: 31 60
Carpenteria: 28 26, 27, 69; 45 61
Carpenteria californica: 1 8; 11 42; 19 50; 27 84; 28 26, 28, 29; 29 67; 30 18; 33 2; 38 17; 55 14; 59 17, 19; 77 12; 81 44; 94 14
Carpenteria pomeridiana: 18 32; S(2) 22
carpet bedding: 46 25, 29
carpeting plants: 2 28
Carpinus betulus: 23 58; 68 18; 83 17; 89 7
Carpinus orientalis: 41 13; 73 48; 82 61
carpobrotus: 10 22
Carpobrotus: 18 30; 20 40; 54 16; S(2) 20; 70 4; 75 34
Carpobrotus acinaciformis: 18 30; 39 53; 54 7, 67; S(2) 20
Carpobrotus deliciosus: 18 30; S(2) 20
Carpobrotus edulis: 8 23; 18 30; 20 40; 39 53; 41 20; 42 32; 54 7, 19, 20, 22, 23, 67; 55 2; 61 69; 63 22, 25; S(2) 20; 84 37; 88 23; 91 23
Carpobrotus muirii: 28 24
Carr, Kath: 44 60
Carrizo Plain National Monument: 83 1
carrot family: 61 58
carrots: 46 29; 58 37; 61 47; 70 50, 55; 74 11; 81 56; 92 44
carrots, wild: 35 46; 43 6; 88 68; 92 26
Carthamus dianius: 67 61; 92 8
Carthamus tinctorius: 48 49
Caruncho, Fernando: 29 54, 55; 46 74; 65 10, 11, 13; 66 17, 21, 22
car-wash: 66 35, 37, 38
Carya illinoinensis: 47 25
Carya quercifolia: 13 12
Caryophyllaceae: 75 42; 82 61; 91 60-62
Caryophyllus graecus arboreus Leucoiifolio peramaro: 76 18, 19
Caryopteris: 40 53; 55 28
Caryopteris incana: 48 23; 55 53; 62 5
Caryopteris × clandonensis: 1 12; 18 71; 19 47; 39 45; 55 53; 67 12
Caryopteris × clandonensis ‘Kew Blue’: 86 29
Caryota: 80 13; 81 12
Caryota cunningii: 68 51
Caryota maxima: 68 51
Caryota mitis: 33 55
Casa de Pilatos: 74 30
Casa del Herrero: 5 7, 8, 13, 14; 52 58; 87 70; 88 65; 91 51, 53; 92 3
Cascabela: 93 25
Cascabela thevetia: 85 51-53
cascade: 47 52; 52 20; 84 10, 46
cash crop: 53 31, 42
cashews: 74 71; 76 72
Casimiroa edulis: 37; 81 52
Caslothamnus quadrifidus: 2 18
Casoretti, Giovanni: 82 66
cassava: 67 60
cassia: 25 51; 26 51; 31 56; 70 44
Cassia: 93 25
Cassia alata: 59 6
Cassia angustifolia: 78 42
Cassia biflora: 31 56
Cassia didymobotria: 4 13
Cassia fistula: 56 11
Cassia floribunda: 71 36
Cassinia 'Ward Silver': 1 16
Castanea: 49 49, 55, 56
Castanea sativa: 10 8; 44 16; 49 44, 53, 54; 64 3; 83 70
Castanospermum australe: 83 31
Castel Gandolfo: 56 1; 84 33, 37
Castello Aragonese: 83 56
Castelvetro, Giacomo: 46 56, 58
Castlemaine Gardens: 68 67; 70 30
castor oil plant: 23 59; 46 22, 27, 34; 47 52, 77; 53 28, 32; 63 24 
Casuarina: 49 48; 91 16
Casuarina cunninghamiana: 92 34
Casuarinaceae: 37 21
casuarinas: 80 12
catalpa: 7 37; 10 25; 15 23; 22 10; 50 1; 69 56
Catalpa: 14 17, 28; 54 46; S(1) 17-19
Catalpa bignonioides: 4 7; 7 7; 15 23; 52 55; S (1) 17-19; 77 20; 89 7; 90 68
Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea': 15 23; S (1) 19
catananche:  55 28
Catananche caerulea: 3 32; 86 29
Catananche ‘Tizi n’Test’: 85 33
catch-fly: 85 2
caterpillars: 4 42; 5 27; 6 2, 43; 7 29, 31; 10 20; 16 54, 55; 17 49, 50, 52; 18 18; 23 53, 54; 24 26; 29 47; 34 37; 39 24, 47; 43 21; 57 49; 60 4, 43; 64 40-42, 44-46; 65 24; 66 39, 40, 42; 71 27, 73, 74 ; 72 2, 27-30, 32, 36; 74 22; 77 23-25, 44, 45; 83 8; 84 24; 86 31; 87 31, 32; 90 46, 49; 94 40, 43, 44
caterpillars, arboreal: 85 44
caterpillars, cabbage: 60 43
caterpillars, death’s-head hawkmoth: 71 73, 74; 72 36
caterpillars, euphorbia sphinx: 31 8
caterpillars, gypsy moth: 66 39; 71 27; 72 2, 27-30
caterpillars, processionary: 64 29; 66 39; 69 15; 75 33;78 55
Catharanthus: 46 11
catkins: 64 45, 51; 94 26
catmint: 10 33; 21 26; 30 16, 18; 42 82; 47 52; 55 28; 9 62; 92 33
catnip: 30 25; 40 25; 41 47; 61 63
Cato: 47 60; 61 61; 77 25
cat's claw climber: 26 50; 40 22; 45 26; S(1) 20
cat's head rockrose: 52 16
Caucasian ash: 54 59
Caucasian fir: 76 43
Caucasian flora: 76 43
Caucasian laurel: 15 40
Caucasian Wing-Nut Tree: 71 34
caudiciform plants: 61 26
cauliflowers: 2 44; 49 24; 61 47; 63 72
caustic soda: 83 51
Cavafy, C.P.: 39 7; 75 50; 87 51
cave paintings: 74 41
cavolo nero: 38 53, 54; 39 85, 86; 58 33
Cazzanigo, Febo Giuseppe: 82 68
Cazzanigo, Lodovico: 82 68
ceanothus: 4 27; 6 52; 8 18; 15 6, 7, 20; 19 68; 22 17; 27 14; 28 29, 60, 69; 29 5, 17, 65; 30 14, 17; 31 14, 51, 52, 61; 32 1, 24; 36 25; 38 84; 40 37; 41 24; 45 36, 61-63; 48 7; 51 81; 70 33; 71 70; 77 35, 36; 79 54; 91 60
ceanothus, cupleaf: 31 58
ceanothus, Mount Vision: 24 18
Ceanothus: 1 16; 8 7; 14 17; 24 15, 16; 30 19; 44 16; 60 67; 72 8; 76 51; 81 24; 85 51
Ceanothus arboreus: 11 44, 45; 24 18; 55 26
Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithan Blue': 3 39
Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue': 39 45
Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans': 24 18; 57 17
Ceanothus 'Concha': 18 24; 72 11; 80 66; 82 17
Ceanothus cordulatus: 24 15
Ceanothus 'Dark Star': 24 18
Ceanothus dentatus: 29 4
Ceanothus foliosus: 29 24, 27
Ceanothus gloriosus var. porrectus: 24 18; 81 44
Ceanothus greggii: 31 58
Ceanothus griseus var. horizontalis ‘Yankee Point’: 72 11; 73 13; 75 47; 91 60
Ceanothus leucodermis: 28 26
Ceanothus maritimus ‘Valley Violet’: 91 49
Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman': 24 10
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus: 2 9; 11 42; 24 18; 80 22
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry': 24 18
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens: 4 27; 8 20; 11 42; 29 23, 26; 64 37
Ceanothus velutinus: 24 15
Ceanothus ‘Yankee Point’: 65 16
cedar: 4 5; 6 17; 10 8; 13 9; 14 16; 28 6; 32 6, 8; 35 17; 37 14; 48 7; 59 30, 62; 60 26; 61 30, 50; 65 56; 70 63; 73 66; 76 40, 42, 45; 78 34; 81 57; 84 12, 13, 53, 57, 65; 89 9, 16
cedar, Atlas: 4 5; 77 19
cedar, blue 93 28
Cedar, Redwood: 89 43
cedar of Lebanon: 27 8; 35 17; 40 42, 46; 44 30; 59 30; 79 39; 94 8
Cedars of Lebanon Forest: 85 7, 11, 13
Cedrus: 6 17; 10 8; 14 25; 21 16; 40 53; 72 9
Cedrus atlantica: 3 38; 71 21; 82 30; 93 28
Cedrus brevifolia: 59 52, 61; 68 56
Cedrus deodara: 16 6; 35 17; 39 44; 76 45; 89 9
Cedrus libani: 35 17; 61 50; 79 56; 94 8
Cedrus libani ssp. atlantica: 18 9; 35 17
Cedrus libani ssp. atlantica 'Glauca Pendula': 27 7
Cedrus libani ssp. brevifolia: 14 7; 39 47; 40 34; 88 36
Cedrus libani ssp. stenocoma: 40 46
Ceiba pentandra: 31 52
Ceiba insignis: 81 54
Ceiba speciosa: 67 42; 78 12; 80 3, 10, 12, 13; 81 11; 82 31; 83 59; 85 24; 89 46; 91 53
celandine: 43 62
Celastraceae: 91 61
Çelebi, Evliya: 84 87; 88 34
celery: 56 42; 58 44; 64 40
cell culture: 72 41
Celmisia asteliifolia: 80 18
Celosia: 46 18
Celosia argentea: 46 12
Celosia cristata: 9 23
Celtis: 49 55, 56
Celtis australis: 3 38; 5 44; 9 44; 10 9; 21 57; 22 41; 26 15; 31 9; 35 18; 43 61; 49 53, 54; 66 35; 75 71; 81 17; 82 23; 92 5
cemetery, Rome: 49 26, 28, 29
Cenchrus racemosus: 57 40
Cenizo: 12 26; S(11) 13
Centaurea: 6 33; 55 28
Centaurea akamantis: 59 55; 68 39, 56; 79 27; 93 43
Centaurea barbeyi: 72 39
Centaurea bella: 39 6; 74 46; 77 3; 85 32
Centaurea candida: 46 31
Centaurea candidissima: 1 16
Centaurea cineraria: 14 55; 18 62; 22 31; 36 13; 39 6; 76 13; 91 38
Centaurea cyanoides: 76 12
Centaurea cyanus: 20 40; 82 61
Centaurea depressa: 82 61
Centaurea deustiformis: 82 61
Centaurea graeca: 54 59
Centaurea gymnocarpa: 1 16; 14 55; 22 31; 76 13; 91 38
Centaurea kalambakensis: 54 59
Centaurea montana 'Alba': 29 22
Centaurea pulcherrima: 50 11
Centaurea pullata: 81 58
Centaurea ragusina: 14 55
Centaurea raphanina: 75 41
Centaurea solstitialis: 72 70
Centaurea triumfetti: 18 62; 82 59, 61
Centaurium erythraea: 82 46; 90 23
Centaurium minus: 82 46
Centella asiatica: 56 48
centipedes: 10 55; 17 50
centranthus: 6 52
Centranthus: 66 37
Centranthus angustifolius: 18 62
Centranthus lecoqii: 81 58
Centranthus ruber: 1 49; 3 30; 16 26, 30; 20 40; 32 25; 33 27; 39 45; 43 6; 50 6; 61 69; 66 37; 81 58; 83 16; 84 16; 90 48; 92 26
Centranthus ruber ‘Albus’: 74 47
Centre for Functional & Evolutionary Ecology, Montpellier: 70 1
century plant: 8 9; 16 54; 54 56; S(2) 29
Cephalanthera epipactoides: 61 52
Cephalanthera kurdica: 61 52
Cephalanthera longifolia: 25 41; 82 63; 83 36; 85 4
Cephalanthera rubra: 82 63
Cephalarctos ferox: 35 19
Cephalocereus polylophos 'Crestatus': 36 16
Cephalocereus senilis: 4 2; 5 13; 77 16; 82 8
Cephalonia Botanica: 36 7-10; 71 11
Cephalophyllum spongiosum: 28 24
cerastium: 6 52
Cerastium candidissimum: 19 52
Cerastium tomentosum: 3 32; 8 21; 19 52; 21 26; 25 17; 34 5; 36 13; 43 31; 52 8; 57 21;
Cerastium tomentosum var. columnae: 14 23; 17 32
Ceratocystis fagacearum: 24 40
Ceratonia: 49 55, 56
Ceratonia siliqua: 2 32; 3 30; 5 5; 11 43; 14 6; 15 26; 16 33; 19 68, 83; 20 40; 22 39; 25 9, 10; 26 16; 28 22 24, 51; 39 6, 22; 45 17; 49 53, 54; 57 5; 59 7, 46, 53, 60; 62 43; 63 60, 67; S(1) 27; 67 10, 62; 68 7, 9; 72 70; 77 97; 81 17; 82 7, 46; 91 6, 32, 61; 92 17
Ceratopetalum gummiferum: 89 54
ceratostigma:43 15
Ceratostigma: 40 53; 71 63
Ceratostigma griffithii: 19 48
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides: 1 14; 18 72; 19 48; 30 24; 31 41, 56; 32 25; 36 27; 39 44; 40 26; 47 49; 62 5; 79 58; 80 21; 85 52; 86 30; 92 55
Ceratostigma willmottianum: 1 14; 19 48; 47 52; 55 28
Ceratozamia hildae: 81 11
Ceratozamia mexicana: 36 31; 81 11
Cerbera tanghin: 34 33
Cercidiphyllum japonicum var. magnificum: 74 25
Cercidiphyllum magnificum: 74 25
Cercidiphyllum 'Rotfuchs': 44 35
cercis: 32 6, 7
Cercis: 61 17; 72 8
Cercis canadensis: 13 9; 32 3
Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy': 44 34; 49 70
Cercis occidentalis: 32 1; 86 32
Cercis siliquastrum: 3 30; 4 39; 9 21, 32; 10 9; 17 41; 20 40; 22 36, 40, 41; 23 75; 25 8, 16; 33 22; 35 18; 36 8, 28; 39 6, 53; 40 45; 42 24, 82; 45 22; 47 53; 49 29, 41, 70; 50 6; 52 55; 57 5, 46; 59 5, 7; 60 8; 62 3; 63 22; 64 31; 66 7; 67 10; 68 36; 70 3; 71 34, 36; 72 54; 74 41; 78 65; 79 4, 8, 9; 80 1, 4, 44, 46; 82 7, 62
Cercis siliquastrum 'Alba': 53 12
Cercis siliquastrum ssp. hebecarpa: 17 42
Cercis siliquastrum ssp. siliquastrum: 17 42
Cercis siliquastrum var. alba: 17 42
Cercis siliquastrum var. rubra: 17 42
Cercocarpa betuloides: 24 16, 17; 74 4
Cercocarpus ledifolius: 24 15
cereal cultivars: 71 55
cereals: 60 35; 61 47; 62 71; 67 5; 73 29, 39, 40; 83 43
cereus: 18 7
Cereus: 64 16
Cereus forbesii 'Monstruosus': 36 15
Cereus hildmannianus: 77 112
Cereus peruvianus: 4 3; 77 16, 112
Cereus peruvianus var. monstrosus: 77 112
Cereus repandus: 47 50; 77 12
cerinthe: 31 8
Cerinthe major: 3 32; 11 30; 33 27; 65 54
Cerinthe major 'Purpurascens': 13 46; 15 67; 32 23; 57 17
Cerinthe palaestina: 76 12
Cerinthe retorta: 1 49; 2 46; 3 32; 7 49; 25 12; 37 36; 39 31; 45 14; 59 2; 66 60; 67 9; 74 40; 79 14; 84 29, 32, 33
ceroxylon: 32 26
cestrum: 35 37; 41 24
Cestrum: 1 40; 16 6; 18 67; 19 34; 20 49; 21 67; 22 19
Cestrum elegans: 21 67; 26 54; 39 7; 72 34
Cestrum fasciculatum 'Newellii': 11 44, 45; 54 33
Cestrum nocturnum: 2 8; 16 6; 19 34; 20 49; 22 19; 27 32; 32 57; 35 37; 40 2, 41 4; 42 28; 43 57; 46 59; 51 1, 3; 66 27; 72 33; 77  65; 93 13
Cestrum ‘Orange Peel’: 85 23
Cestrum parqui: 16 6
Cestrum purpureum: 16 6; 54 33, 35; 66 27; 72 34
Ceterach officinarum: 82 47
Cetonia aurata: 46 102
Cézanne: 53 10, 40
Cezzi, Salvatore: 36 14
Chaenomeles japonica: 19 47; 39 15; 89 16
Chaenomeles sinensis: 91 40
chafer beetle: 47 70
chafer beetle larvae: 15 73; 16 70, 72
chalice vine: 32 35; 53 31
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana: 76 51
Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana': 57 21
Chamaecytisus hirsutus: 82 62
chamaedorea: 32 27 
Chamaedorea costaricana: 4 9
Chamaedorea elegans: 64 24
Chamaelaucium: 2 18
Chamaelaucium uncinatum: 36 25; 80 3
chamelauciums: 71 58
Chamaelirion luteum: 72 69
Chamaemelum nobile: 56 65; 57 20
Chamaemelum 'Treneague': 55 12
chamaerops: 12 8; 40 63
Chamaerops: 68 49; 81 12
Chamaerops elegans: 1 32
Chamaerops humilis: 1 5, 32, 33; 3 30; 4 7; 7 49; 11 43; 13 14; 15 26; 19 24; 21 16; 23 10, 49, 51, 61; 31 55; 32 29; 35 17; 36 28, 32; 40 16; 43 8; 44 36; 51 13; 52 55; 53 18; 63 16; 67 42; 68 51; 71 33, 36; 75 50; 77 9, 21; 81 17, 19; 87 7; 92 5; 94 11
Chamaerops humilis var. arborescens: 42 17
Chamaerops humilis var. farinosus: 14 31
Chamaerops humilis var. macrocarpa: 14 31
chameleon: 61 52; 75 54
chameleon, dwarf: 59 24, 28
chamise: 22 46; 24 15; 49 63
chamomile: 10 26; 22 43; 43 6, 31; 45 47; 49 34; 56 64, 65; 57 50; 65 36; 67 14; 69 26, 32, 43, 49; 70 29; 80 39, 71; 84 28; 86 37; 89 10
chamomile, Cape: 88 52
chamomile, Roman: 88 52
chamomile 'Sunray': 37 14
Chamomilla recutita: 22 43; 56 65
channels: 53 54
chaparral: 15 58; 22 48; 23 16; 24 9, 13-16, 18, 19; 29 24, 27; 30 13, 14, 17; 31 58, 61; 34 2; 35 21; 36 26, 67; 38 21; 39 26; 44 6; 48 21, 27; 51 6, 33, 34; 52 56; 55 67; 70 59; 72 8; 80 66; 86 34; 88 2; 90 13; 91 53
chaparral pea: 24 15
chaparral whitethorn: 28 26
Chapelle de l’Hermitage, Neuchâtel: 90 31, 33
Chapin, Marguerite: 48 7; 84 54
charançon rouge: 68 44
charançon d'Egypte: 46 7
Charaxes jasius: 64 45
charcoal: 75 32; 78 36; 88 47
chard: 2 44; 79 35; 93 48
chard, rainbow: 58 33
chard, ruby: 53 28; 56 42
chard, Swiss: 56 42; 57 35; 58 33, 37
Chardin, Sir John: 7 1
chase-devil: 72 69
chasmanthe: 29 6; 91 63
Chasmanthe: 49 12, 14; 52 44; 57 5, 56; 82 22; 91 63
Chasmanthe aethiopica: 52 44
Chasmanthe floribunda: 27 24; 52 44
Chasmanthe floribunda var. duckittii: 27 24; 52 44
chasmophytes: 73 13, 14, 66; 86 45
Chaste Tree: 36 8; 40 2; 42 69; 47 1; 49 35; 50 4; 52 16; 61 63; 62 35, 63 62; 76 8, 52
Château de Chillon: 71 32
Château de Crussol: 79 22, 23
Château de Flaugergues: 47 54
Chåteau de la Garoupe: 12 5-10
Château de Montferrand: 70 47
Chatham Island Forget-Me-Not: 67 21; 74 24
Chatsworth House: 67 52
Chatto, Beth: 2 12, 14-16; 22 32; 27 65-67; 35 28; 45 22; 90 70
Chaucer: 42 50; 55 31
Chaumont: 80 48
chayote: 57 34; 87 15
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia: 37 21
Cheiranthus: 6 13
Cheiranthus cheiri: 3 32; 16 23; 74 47
Cheiranthus × cheiri: 70 26
Cheiranthus mutabilis: 19 28
Cheirostemon platanoides: 3 8
chelated iron: 29 68
chelates: 69 20; 70 15
Chelidonium majus: 78 42
Chelsea Flower Show: 7 43; 65 33, 34; 69 9; 71 17; 91 4, 7; 94 55
Chelsea Physic Garden: 19 78; 20 69; 21 61-64; 31 55; 46 97; 52 29-32, 66; 55 14; 67 59; 69 51, 53; 78 40; 79 42; 81 35; 84 28; 91 6
chemical deterrents: 72 30
chemical fertilisers/feeds: 6 37; 25 10; 26 39; 61 36; 68 6; 70 53, 56
chemical-free: 78 5
chemical fungicides: 24 49
chemical herbicides: 19 55; 21 44; 22 44; 24 70; 34 18
chemical insecticides: 19 57; 21 44; 24 49
chemical nutrients: 20 43
chemical pesticides: 16 24, 47; 17 48, 49; 18 38; 19 57; 23 19; 24 42; 33 13; 34 18; 91 48
chemical sprays: 7 20; 16 19, 47, 55; 22 21; 23 19; 26 27; 41 37; 42 41; 44 62; 48 62; 78 45; 94 41
chemical treatments: 7 39, 41; 77 24; 94 40
chemical weedkillers: 16 24
chemicals: 5 5; 6 1, 2, 38; 7 20, 21; 9 19, 54; 23 2, 19; 24 49; 26 39; 28 22; 32 51; 53 59; 56 5, 18, 37; 59 23, 28; 60 4, 11; 61 36, 37, 39; 62 38; 78 55; 79 36, 47; 80 30; 83 12; 85 40, 41, 44
chemicals, flowers of sulphur: 22 19
chemicals, harmful/toxic: 23 2; 94 37
chemicals, inorganic: 70 52
chemicals, toxic: 94 38
Chenopodiaceae: 37 21; 79 34
Chenopodium bonus-henricus: 57 35
Chenopodium pumilio: 37 21
Chenopodium quinoa: 46 14; 57 35
Chenopodium virgatum: 57 35
Cherere vine: 28 15
Chermayeff, Serge: 74 65
Cherokee rose: 14 18; 89 13
cherries: 6 11, 15; 10 14, 15; 14 16; 17 55; 18 6; 19 23, 68; 21 3, 10; 22 11; 25 38; 26 51; 31 55; 45 54; 47 16, 47; 48 41, 49; 49 22, 24; 53 24, 38; 56 49; 58 35; 62 60; 64 15, 19, 40; 66 40, 41; 75 10; 79 11, 40; 84 25; 92 27, 56
cherries, flowering: 6 11; 48 7
cherries, Japanese: 84 54
cherries, Morello: 51 60; 79 40, 41
cherries, ornamental: 76 45
cherries, sour: 49 41
cherries, wild: 93 37
cherry laurel: 66 36; 89 6
Cherry Pie: 18 69; 64 47
cherry plum: 10 14; 79 11
cherry, ornamental: 61 34
cherry, Sargent: 21 10
cherry, weeping: 27 7
chestnut woodland: 93 6
chestnuts: 8 45; 9 16; 24 7; 25 37; 35 16; 44 16, 17, 25; 49 44; 51 43, 60; 53 24; 54 49; 55 24; 61 10; 63 12; 64 2, 3, 23; 65 59; 76 43
chestnuts, horse: 18 8; 35 63; 47 51; 50 1; 55 40; 58 1; 62 4; 72 9; 73 56; 79 6; 93 51
chestnuts, sweet: 7 5; 45 54
chestnut blight: 94 42
chickpeas: 52 33; 57 33; 58 70; 65 47
chicory: 16 31; 17 58; 20 7; 22 43; 37 39; 58 36; 67 32
chiku: 69 15, 21; 70 13
Chilean Blue Crocus: 80 16
Chilean jasmine: 20 25; 56 9; 65 24; 91 61
Chilean mayten: 91 61
Chilean myrtle: 18 23; 91 61
Chilean wine palm: 4 5; 5 5; 31 56; 37 14; 47 54; 87 7
Chiliadenus glutinosus: 82 46
chillies/chili: 55 8; 57 29; 58 31, 32; 63 23; 75 24; 89 31
Chilopsis linearis: 15 32; 52 55; 66 71; 80 3, 4
Chilopsis linearis 'Dark Storm': 15 33
Chilopsis linearis 'White Storm': 15 33
Chimonanthus fragrans: 32 27
Chimonanthus praecox: 2 11; 19 47; 35 34; 38 25; 42 28; 53 23; 77 62; 78 30, 35
Chimonanthus yunanensis: 19 62
China roses: 56 25
Chinaberry tree: 10 12
chincherinchees: 43 12
Chinese artichoke: 57 34
Chinese bamboo: 66 35
Chinese elm: 9 37; 71 56; 93 51
Chinese gardens: 9 3; 64 57; 80 34
Chinese kale: 56 46
Chinese lantern: 9 23
Chinese medicinal herbs: 32 18
Chinese palm: 33 30
Chinese pistachio: 27 14; 83 32; 89 14
Chinese Scholar Tree: 27 6
Chinese spinach: 56 46
Chionanthus retusus: 91 53
Chionodoxa gigantea: 3 34
Chionodoxa luciliae: 3 34
Chionodoxa nana: 42 69
chinotto: 83 65, 66
Chiostro del Paradiso: 80 63
chippers/shredders: 49 30
Chirac, Pierre: 49 5, 6; 77 79, 80
chives: 7 6; 10 27; 29 39; 43 31; 57 18; 58 32; 75 22; 78 72; 87 34, 35; 94 48
chives, Chinese: 56 47; 75 63
chives, garlic: 10 27; 58 31; 72 18; 90 27
Chloris truncata: 37 23
chlorophyll: 46 41; 59 6; 87 30
Chlorophytum comosum: 30 23
Chlorophytum comosum 'Picturatum': 43 32
chlorosis/chlorotic: 5 18; 22 17; 29 68; S(2) 10; 76 30; 83 57
chlorpyriphos: 43 28
Chocolate Lily: 71 69
Chocolate Persimmon: 92 48
Chocolate-Pudding Fruit: 92 48
choisya: 89 8
Choisya: 9 44; 19 66; 22 17; 72 21
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl': 48 23; 67 29
Choisya ternata: 1 16; 11 42; 19 66; 32 24; 36 29; 38 17, 21;48 23; 52 70; 62 48; 64 72; 65 17; 80 3; 92 28
Choisya ternata ‘Aztec Pearl’: 80 3
Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’: 80 3
Choisya ternata× arizonica: 48 23
Chondropetalum tectorum: 91 63
chondropetalums: 59 25
Chondrosum gracile: 2 16
Choniates, Michael: 88 48
Chopin, Frédéric: 57 54
Chorisia: 64 20, 21
Chorisia insignis: 23 60; 36 30
Chorisia speciosa: 36 64; 43 59; 67 42; 78 12; 80 10; 85 24
Christmas cactus: 5 36; 6 44; 15 43
Christmas tree: 58 24; 94 16
Christmas-Berry: 24 18
Christ’s Thorn: 83 17; 93 35, 36
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens: 32 30
chrysalis: 72 37
Chrysanthemoides incana: 76 13
Chrysanthemoides monilifera: 37 16
Chrysanthemum: 6 33
Chrysanthemum carinatum: 45 47; 73 65; 81 55
Chrysanthemum coronarium: 1 42; 3 32; 16 26, 32; 19 56; 22 43; 35 48;42 69; 44 45; 45 11; 53 56; 56 45; 65 47, 54;68 9; 73 66; 77 74, 112; 81 57
Chrysanthemum coronarium var. discolor: 16 26
Chrysanthemum frutescens: 11 39
Chrysanthemum hosmariense: 11 42
Chrysanthemum parthenium: 10 28; 17 34
Chrysanthemum segetum: 3 22; 16 32; 18 6
chrysanthemums: 16 26; 60 19; 67 32; 76 42
chrysanthemums, cascade: 72 41
Chrysocephalum apiculatum: 37 14, 21
Chrysocoma oblongifolia: 21 23; 77 42
Chrysolepis sempervirens: 24 15
Chrysolina americana: 94 40
Chrysothamnus: 28 69
Chufa nut: 20 34, 35; 22 72; S(2) 39, 40
Church, Thomas: 6 5-11; 25 54; 44 10; 45 31, 32; 52 58
Church of the Holy Sepulchre: 65 43
Churchill, Winston: 42 5; 76 42; 80 63
Chusan palm: 32 29
CIAM: 74 63, 66
cicada nymphs: 30 71; 34 70
cicadas: 4 10; 30 20, 27, 51; 47 15; 53 2; 62 57;66 43, 48; 74 40, 42; 83 16; 90 50
Cicer arietinum: 57 34
Cicero: 1 34; 9 5
Cichorium: 55 22
Cichorium intybus: 16 31; 17 58; 20 7; 22 43; 37 39
Cichorium spinosum: 25 43; 37 39; 56 3
Cinchona: 52 31
cineraria: 39 9; 41 3; 42 7, 8; 49 22; 50 19; 77 68
Cineraria geifolia: 1 22
Cineraria maritima: 80 22
Cinnamomum camphora: 13 9, 12; 29 52; 43 39; 44 35; 47 19; 64 25; 71 20, 34; 73 46; 79 58; 89 6, 9
Cinnamomum zeylanicum: 42 63
cinnamon tree: 28 6; 42 63, 65; 63 5; 76 45
Cionura erecta: 46 45; 63 60
Circaetus gallicus: 74 37; 79 19; 85 46
Cirrospilus: 4 35
Cirsium: 6 33; 23 53, 54; 57 41; 77 44, 45
Cirsium japonicum 'Rose Beauty': 21 67
Cirsium monspessulanum: 57 42
Cissus juttae: 29 18
Cistaceae: 72 13; 82 61; 91 61, 62
Cistanche tubulosa: 65 46
Cistanche phelypaea: 78 59
Cistanthe grandiflora: 83 2
cistern: 4 32; 10 4, 8; 29 14; 43 59; 47 8, 49; 51 30;52 25; 53 9; 60 34, 36; 63 54; 67 5; 70 23, 27; 79 41; 81 8, 15; 87 23; 88 47; 91 42
cistus: 4 4, 25; 7 4; 8 43; 9 1; 10 17; 12 7, 9; 13 48; 14 54;19 30, 32, 52; 20 8, 39, 40, 69; 21 29, 42, 62, 67;22 17, 38; 23 33; 24 30-33, 66; 25 8, 16, 57;26 12, 69; 27 18, 51, 66; 28 12, 13, 60; 29 24, 27;30 23, 67; 31 61; 33 30; 34 7; 35 69; 36 8, 13, 25. 29, 69; 37 1; 38 18, 76; 39 55;40 8, 54; 41 43; 43 44, 79; 44 41, 43;45 11, 47, 53; 48 12, 15, 16, 20; 50 9; 51 46, 48;53 12; 55 28; 57 42; 59 13, 15, 18, 31; 60 9, 13;61 63; 62 14; 63 60; 64 54; 65 54; 66 23;67 29, 45; 68 39; 69 40, 41; 72 16; 74 40;75 3, 56; 77 2; 78 36; 79 45; 80 1, 21; 81 1, 24, 28; 82 53; 83 2, 62; 84 36; 86 25; 88 22; 89 14, 15;
92 28, 29
Cistus: 4 50; 6 14, 18, 25, 33; 7 16; 8 5; 9 18; 11 42;14 26; 15 18, 39; 16 31; 17 57-59; 18 6, 23;39 23; 40 25; 43 8; 45 13; 47 8, 20; 48 12, 24;49 7, 34; 51 14, 16, 41; 52 13; 54 61; 56 55;57 2, 41; 62 31, 38; 66 31, 36; 67 9, 29, 51; 68 9; 69 37; 72 7; 75 32; 77 116; 82 48; 84 54; 87 17; 90 51; 91 61
Cistus albidus: 1 5, 16; 3 30; 14 25; 16 31; 39 45; 43 44;48 12; 50 6, 9; 57 46, 48; 64 54; 68 5; 77 9; 80 21; 81 20; 82 46, 53; 85 31; 92 8; 94 11
Cistus clusii: 92 8
Cistus clusii ssp. multiflorus: 72 13; 75 47
Cistus creticus: 10 23; 19 52; 24 30, 32; 59 54, 70; 63 60; 73 9, 10, 43; 75 3; 78 65; 80 1, 4; 82 61; 85 36; 87 41
Cistus creticus ‘Bali’: 85 32
Cistus creticus ssp. eriocephalus: 76 42
Cistus creticus var. tauricus: 40 40
Cistus crispus: 44 43; 68 5
Cistus cultivars: 57 2
Cistus heterocalyx: 25 16
Cistus incanus: 8 41; 19 30; 26 24, 26; 53 12; 82 48
Cistus incanus ssp. creticus: 20 8, 40; 40 35
Cistus ladanifer: 3 30; 10 18; 14 25; 15 18; 20 39, 40; 21 67; 28 26; 29 24, 27; 33 30; 39 55; 54 24; 67 29; 71 71; 75 63; 80 1; 92 28
Cistus laurifolius: 20 40; 29 24, 27
Cistus monspeliensis: 3 30; 8 21; 10 23; 16 31; 22 38; 24 30; 25 16; 30 22; 33 30; 49 7; 53 12; 71 30, 31; 77 81, 110, 111; 81 20; 82 53; 85 2, 5; 89 57; 92 8
Cistus palhinhae: 1 16; 10 23; 16 31; 78 59
Cistus parviflorus: 92 28
Cistus parvifolius: 24 30, 32
Cistus populifolius: 44 43
Cistus populifolius ssp. major: 21 67
Cistus psilosepalus: 20 69
Cistus purpureus: 80 1
Cistus salviifolius: 3 30; 10 18; 15 18; 19 30; 20 40; 24 30, 32;25 16; 36 8; 40 35; 43 44; 53 12; 67 62; 68 5; 73 10, 43; 75 3; 80 1, 4; 85 2, 5, 36; 87 41; 89 62; 92 8
Cistus salviifolius ‘Bonefacio’: 73 10
Cistus 'Silver Pink': 11 30; 26 24, 26
Cistus ‘Sunset’: 92 28
Cistus tardiflorens: 72 13
Cistus tauricus: 76 42
Cistus variegatus: 20 40
Cistus × aguilarii: 21 67; 39 45
Cistus × argenteus 'Blushing Peggy Sammons': 50 11
Cistus × canescens: 39 40, 45
Cistus × corbariensis: 62 52; 80 1
Cistus × florentinus: 25 16; 39 45; 82 53
Cistus × florentinus 'Tramontane': 36 28
Cistus × incanus: 78 65
Cistus × pauranthus: 24 30-33
Cistus × pauranthus 'Natacha': 50 10; 73 10; 85 32
Cistus × pulverulentus: 25 16; 62 52; 71 71; 80 1; 85 32
Cistus × purpureus: 1 16; 26 46; 57 48; 82 53; 92 28
Cistus × skanbergii: 71 71; 73 9; 80 1
Cistus × tardiflorens: 75 47
cistus, gum: 16 31
cistus, sage-leaved: 36 8; 40 47
CITES: 2 3; 20 37; 23 9; 25 63; 35 61; 68 56, 62; 74 59
Citharexylon spicatum: 44 35
Citharexylum quadrangulare: 12 55
Citharexylum serratum: 12 55
Citharexylum spinosum: 12 55; 83 33; 93 34
citrons: 70 25; 83 65, 66; 89 34
Citrus: 3 7, 30; 15 20, 47; 16 51, 52, 56; 18 4, 6, 10, 33-38;19 8, 11, 57, 68; 20 5, 15, 17-19, 48; 21 61;22 11, 60; 78 5, 70; 91 59
Citrus aurantiifolia: 18 33; 43 55; 67 59
Citrus aurantium: 1833-35; 3516; 4856; 59 6; 62 2,3
Citrus aurantium 'Bizzarria': 18 33-35
Citrus aurantium 'Consolei': 18 33
Citrus aurantium 'Corniculata': 18 33, 35
Citrus aurantium 'Crispifolia': 18 33
Citrus aurantium 'Dulcis': 18 33
Citrus aurantium 'Fasciata': 18 33, 35
Citrus aurantium 'Foetifera': 18 34, 35
Citrus aurantium 'Horridus': 18 34
Citrus aurantium 'Listata': 18 34, 35
Citrus aurantium 'Mutabilis'; 18 34
Citrus aurantium 'Myrtifolia': 18 34
Citrus aurantium 'Salicifolia': 18 34
Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia: 18 35
Citrus aurantium 'Virgatum': 18 34
Citrus aurantium 'Volkamericana': 18 34
Citrus bergamia: 29 17
Citrus deliciosa: 11 43; 13 14
Citrus grandis 'Conifero': 18 34
Citrus grandis 'Maxima': 18 34, 35
Citrus grandis 'Pyriformis': 18 34
Citrus hystrix: 18 34; 43 45; 75 24; 89 34
Citrus ichangensis: 18 37
Citrus japonica: 89 34
Citrus limon: 1834; 2913; 42 55; 70 23; 82 9; 89 34
Citrus limon 'Bimammillata': 18 34
Citrus limon CA/10: 18 34
Citrus limon CA/184/420: 18 34
Citrus limon CA/279: 18 34
Citrus limon CA/375/7: 18 34
Citrus limon CA/56: 18 34
Citrus limon CA/67: 18 34
Citrus limon 'Cajetanum': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Canaliculatum': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Dulcis': 18 34, 35
Citrus limon 'Duplex': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Fol. Et Fruct. Variegatis': 18 35
Citrus limon 'Foliis Variegatis': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Inganna Villano': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Neapolitanum': 18 34
Citrus limon 'Perettone Canaliculata': 18 34
Citrus limon × medica CA/439/26: 18 34
Citrus limon × medica 'Rugosa': 18 34
Citrus madurensis: 89 34
Citrus maxima: 50 18
Citrus medica: 20 5; 70 25; 89 34
Citrus medica 'Tuberosa': 18 34
Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus: 74 51
Citrus microcitrus CA/387: 18 34
Citrus mitis: 42 55; 43 62
Citrus reticulata: 18 34, 37; 42 55; 82 9
Citrus reticulata 'Aurantifolia Da Semi': 18 34, 37
Citrus reticulata 'Changsha': 18 34
Citrus reticulata ssp. unshiu: 18 35
Citrus sinensis: 18 34, 37; 85 12
Citrus sinensis 'Comune': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Limetta': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Limetta Forma Diversa': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Oblonga': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Pyriformis': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Ruby': 18 37
Citrus sinensis 'Sigillata Forma Macrocarpa': 18 34
Citrus sinensis 'Succory': 18 37
Citrus sinensis × limon 'Canaliculatum': 18 34, 37
Citrus sinensis × paradisi: 18 34
Citrus sinensis × paradisi CA/132: 18 34
Citrus sinensis × paradisi CA/443: 18 23
Citrus sinensis × paradisi CA/454/64: 18 34
Citrus sinensis × paradisi × Nr.1: 18 34
Citrus sinensis × wilsonii: 18 37
Citrus trifoliata: 73 46
Citrus × aurantium: 79 40; 80 43; 82 27, 30; 89 34; 92 4, 9
Citrus × latifolia: 82 9; 89 34
Citrus × paradisi: 18 34, 37; 21 61; 82 9
citrus cultivars: 78 71
citrus cultivation in Italy: 83 65
citrus fruits: 67 37; 80 10, 14; 83 64-66; 89 33
citrus gall wasp: 89 34
citrus groves/orchards: 65 47; 82 5, 9; 87 59; 91 12, 17
citrus leaf blight: 55 5
citrus leaf miner: 4 34, 35, 45; 6 47; 52 56
citrus leaf miner larvae: 4 35
citrus pests: 63 53; 82 9
Citrus Research & Education Center: 48 58
citrus orchards: 69 14, 18, 22, 61; 81 54
citrus trees: 1 10, 39, 40, 53; 4 23, 34, 35, 36, 45; 5 13, 37;6 2, 15, 47; 9 9, 11, 29; 10 1, 5, 9, 23, 25, 44, 48;23 30, 32, 60, 61; 24 38; 26 29, 36, 51, 52, 63;27 29, 38; 28 48; 29 3, 17, 51-53; 30 5, 26;31 51; 33 20, 21; 36 4, 15, 31; 38 22, 59, 76;39 7; 40 24; 42 26, 54, 55, 57; 43 38, 43-45, 59, 60, 62, 63;44 16; 46 69, 95; 47 3, 4, 7, 8; 48 55, 57; 50 18;51 68; 52 2, 29, 30, 56, 64, 65; 53 37, 38;51 14, 15, 32, 40, 79; 60 20, 21; 62 3, 7, 10, 31, 34;63 24, 53, 56, 59; 64 10, 19, 32; 65 28; S(1) 24; 69 14, 15, 18; 71 42; 72 44, 48; 73 41; 74 24; 75 2; 76 40, 48; 79 5, 29, 56; 81 54, 56; 82 6, 9, 19; 83 47, 57; 84 45, 47; 85 9, 32; 87 15, 48, 49, 53; 88 44, 67; 89 25, 33, 34, 37; 90 10; 91 55, 59; 92 34; 93 7, 36
Cladanthus arabicus: 3 33
cladodes: 48 11; 54 27-29
Cladrastis lutea: 21 10
Clare, John: 64 61
Clark, Alister: 7 50; 8 34, 35; 17 46-48; 89 17
Clarkia concinna: 6 35
clary sage: 9 23; 29 38; 35 28
Clathrus ruber: 46 103
Claude: 64 61
clay: 4 24, 51; 7 42; 8 47, 56; 10 18, 23, 41; 5 6; 19 23; 21 22, 28, 29; 22 11, 17, 54; 23 75;24 48, 49; 25 57, 58; 26 47; 28 26; 29 65;30 17, 43; 41 5; 42 49; 43 12, 63, 78; 45 41;48 25; 57 20, 42; 62 37; 67 26, 28; 69 18, 20, 40; S(2) 26; 70 50; 73 1; 76 50;77 35, 42; 78 32, 72; 79 72; 80 26; 81 28, 30, 32, 34; 85 9, 30; 86 8, 10, 28, 31; 88 8; 89 72; 93 26, 27, 50
clearance of flammable vegetation: 22 45
Cleghorn, George, Dr: 78  40
Cleistocactus strausii 'Crestatus': 36 15
Cleland Wildlife/Nature Park: 68 67; 71 57
Clematis: 16 42, 43; 53 44; 56 10; 57 22
Clematis 'Alionushka': 53 48
Clematis 'Arabella': 53 48
Clematis armandii: 7 6; 11 44; 19 47, 48; 25 53; 33 30; 35 40;36 21; 55 56; 56 34 
Clematis armandii 'Apple Blossom': 18 22
Clematis 'Aromatica': 53 48
Clematis cirrhosa: 1 4, 5; 3 30; 4 50; 15 26; 16 42, 43; 18 22; 20 40;35 64; 38 65; 39 45; 43 7; 50 9; 52 55; 53 47;59 6, 12, 16; 63 54; S(1) 27, 34, 35; 77 9; 80 21, 23; 85 32; 94 11
Clematis cirrhosa 'Freckles': 18 22; 53 47; 88 12
Clematis cirrhosa 'Landesdowne Gem': 53 47
Clematis cirrhosa 'Ourika Valley': 53 47
Clematis cirrhosa var. balearica: 11 44; 12 32; 16 43; 23 59; S(1) 35 
Clematis crispa: 53 48
Clematis ‘Dr Ruppel’: 81 37
Clematis elisabethae-carolae: 42 71
Clematis flammula: 3 31; 4 50; 15 26; 16 42, 43, 46; 20 40; 22 37;50 6; 52 55; 53 47; 60 7; 62 36; S(1) 27, 34, 35; 75 34; 81 21; 83 15; 85 32; 86 45
Clematis florida: 53 44
Clematis florida 'Sieboldii': 56 10
Clematis 'Huldine': 18 22
Clematis integrifolia: 75 63
Clematis integrifolia ‘Margaret Koster’: 81 39
Clematis lanuginosa: 53 44
Clematis ligusticifolia: 6 35
Clematis mandschurica: 53 48; 65 8
Clematis 'Mme. Le Coultre': 1 5; S(1) 34; 77 9; 94 11
Clematis montana: 1 5; 16 42; 19 47, 48; 23 59; 43 18; 55 26;61 2; S(1) 34; 77 9; 79 40; 94 11
Clematis montana 'Freda': 34 15
Clematis montana var. rubens: 40 6, 38
Clematis ‘Multi Blue’: 78 33
Clematis napaulensis: 53 47
Clematis 'Niobe': 56 10
Clematis paniculata: 12 32
Clematis patens: 53 44
Clematis 'Paul Farges': 53 48
Clematis ‘Polish Spirit’: 81 39, 40
Clematis potaninii: 53 48
Clematis recta: 53 48
Clematis rehderiana: 78 33
Clematis tangutica: 1 5; 36 21; 75 63; 77 9; 78 33; 80 55; 94 11
Clematis tangutica 'Bill Mackenzie': 43 35
Clematis terniflora: 53 48
Clematis texensis: 53 48
Clematis texensis ‘Duchess of Albany’: 78 33
Clematis vitalba: 5 44; 40 34; 53 44; 82 63
Clematis viticella: 12 16; 14 17; 36 25; 37 10, 11; 53 47; 77 30; 81 38, 39
Clematis viticella ‘Etoile Violette’: 78 33
Clematis viticella ‘Little Nell’: 78 33
Clematis viticella 'Polish Spirit': 37 10
Clematis viticella 'Prince Charles': 37 10
Clematis ‘Warszawska Nike’: 81 38
Clematis × jackmanii: 56 10
Clematis × triternata 'Rubromarginata': 42 81
clematis: 3 11; 19 8, 47, 48; 22 19; 32 69; 33 31; 40 38;63 55; 74 25; 78 33, 34; 79 33; 81 36-40; 83 15; 84 54; 87 54; 88 54; 89 17, 44; 93 13
clematis wilt: 53 46
clematis, herbaceous: 53 48; 75 63
clematis, hybrid: 46 55
clematis, large-flowered: 53 45, 46, 48
clematis, small-flowered: 53 45, 46, 48
clematis, wild: 9 32; 62 47
Clément, Gilles: 62 13; 80 49, 58
clementine: 69 14
Cleopatra: 60 58
Clerodendrum bungei: 54 3, 35; 56 11; 61 4; 71 34
Clerodendrum floribundum: 41 44
Clerodendrum fragrans: 10 5
Clerodendrum philippinum: 18 8; 54 35; 61 4; 66 25
Clerodendrum thomsoniae: 61 4
Clerodendrum ugandense: 61 4; 94 54
clerodendrum/clerodendron: 18 8; 84 47; 89 9
Clethra: 57 61
Cleveland sage: 74 4
Clianthus: 2 22; S(1) 6; 74 15
cliff endemics: 63 10
cliffs: 1 4; 39 10, 12; 63 5, 10; 77 8, 69-71
climate: 24 1, 2, 4, 8, 13, 37, 39, 46, 55-57;26 1, 2, 4-11, 15, 17, 19, 21, 27, 56, 57; 28 50, 53;41 2, 6, 9, 23, 25, 36, 63, 64; 44 13, 15, 17;45 41, 42, 52, 56, 57; 47 1, 2, 10, 17, 30, 39, 63, 71, 73;52 3, 7; 55 1, 4-8, 10-15, 17-20, 25, 45, 47, 51, 76
climate change: 48 32, 34; 49 69; 50 5; 51 2, 9, 29, 37; 52 13, 14;54 15, 63; 55 1, 4-6, 8, 10, 12; 57 7, 58, 60;61 25, 26, 29, 66; 62 40; 68 56; 69 1, 2; 70 3, 5, 7; 72 49; 74 39, 42; 76 62; 78 1, 44; 79 20, 42; 80 26, 37; 83 5; 86 70; 88 32; 91 2, 3, 7, 12; 92 52, 57; 94 3, 49, 53
climate compatible/appropriate: 60 2, 67; 85 29, 60; 86 56; 88 20
climate control: 44 5; 67 24; 68 24
climate disruption: 44 58
climate management: 61 11
climate mitigation: 85 62
climate pattern: 4 19; 19 44; 22 15
climate tolerance: 63 18
climate, Warm Temperate: 89 34
climate zones: 48 29, 35; 73 6, 30; 76 28, 45; 93 15
climate, adverse conditions: 47 9
climate, dry: 47 62
climate, frost-free: 47 19; 49 60
climate, mediterranean: 59 9; 93 14
climate-adapted plants: 45 58
climax species/vegetation: 74 39; 79 20; 84 5
climbers: 1 15, 21; 2 9, 10, 21; 3 30; 4 12, 15, 17, 32, 44, 50; 5 6, 42, 47; 6 45; 7 6; 8 49, 51; 9 14, 15, 37; 10 4; 19 47, 50, 62, 65; 20 25, 38, 60; 21 29, 48; 22 55, 71; 23 58; 24 69; 25 31; 26 49; 27 38, 49; 29 48; 31 42, 55, 57; 32 6, 35, 55, 57; 33 2, 29, 30, 51, 52; 34 33; 35 36; 40 22; 41 3; 44 31; 45 50, 58, 64; 46 52; 47 6, 9, 18, 41, 62; 52 57; 55 8, 27, 38; 56 10, 33-36, 37, 46; 57 34, 44; 58 24, 26; 61 11; 62 6, 27, 46, 55, 57, 64; 62 46;; 63 37, 60; 65 21, 24; S(1) 17, 19-21, 36; 66 36, 54, 58; 68 4, 53; 70 25, 36, 68; 72 56;75 34, 49; 76 23-25, 32; 77 1, 64, 100, 116; 85 3, 17, 21, 27, 31, 39, 45;
88 14, 16, 22; 89 40, 52, 54; 93 26, 45
climbing cutworm: 7 29; 77 23
Clinopodium nepeta ssp. glandulosum: 93 18
Clinopodium serpyllifolium ssp. fruticosum: 72 13; 74 47
clipping:1 5;4 4; 6 13; 15 18, 24, 31, 33, 47; 16 17, 18, 23, 45, 55; 17 21, 34, 43; 18 50; 19 26, 64-66, 69; 20 19, 22; 21 33, 34; 22 2, 29, 30, 56, 60; 23 43; 25 64; 47 15, 16, 20, 22, 47, 49; 52 6, 9; 53 24; 60 11; 65 15, 16; 66 10, 16, 18, 20, 31, 32, 35-37, 57, 59; 67 44, 46; 68 36; 71 50, 51, 54, 72; 72 3, 4; 76 40, 67; 77 9, 17, 48; 79 43, 49, 50; 80 10, 12, 22; 84 56; 87 14, 50, 52, 58; 91 3, 49, 51, 54, 55; 92 9, 67; 93 50; 94 10, 40
Clitoria ternatea: 84 45
clivia: 6 11; 32 6; 37 10; 43 60; 71 52; 74 26; 80 13; 88 10, 51; 89 16; 90 27
Clivia: 4 4, 32; 26 51; 27 23; 47 18; 49 14; 55 72;
64 24; 61
Clivia miniata: 4 4; 18 69; 38 21; 41 4; 53 33, 35; 59 6; 65 8; 67 40, 62; 73 62; 77 18; 79 55; 81 52, 54; 88 58; 92 7
Clivia mirabilis: 88 58
cloches, plastic; 70 55; 89 49
Clogs: 82 71, 72
Cloister garden, Santa Chiara: 80 62
clonal reproduction: 63 12
Clos du Peyronnet: 38 14, 7; 76 2; 76 68; 79 60; 82 40
cloth weed barrier: 57 20
cloud-pruned: 82 19, 53
Cloudehill: 68 66; 71 49
clover: 1 49; 21 23; 27 6, 19; 28 42; 41 30; 44 69; 47 59; 53 57, 59; 60 45, 46; 62 71; 64 40, 42, 45; 65 37, 49; 77 43; 94 47
clover 'Kent Wild White': 27 6
clover, star: 64 54
cloves: 31 44; 42 63, 65
Clute, Willard Nelson: 72 68
Clutia: 59 26
Cneoraceae: 652
Cneorum pulverulentum: 15 26; S(1) 27
Cneorum tricoccon: 4 50; 15 26-29; 25 10; 30 21, 24; 36 25; 39 21; 48 23; 52 11, 55; 59 5, 7, 70; 61 69; 65 2; S(1) 27, 29, 30; 67 9; 70 7; 79 44
Cneorum trimerum: 15 26; S(1) 27
Cnicus: 6 33
coast live oak: 4 3, 9; 6 7, 8, 34; 24 40, 43; 30 18; 72 54; 74 4, 5; 77 16, 22; 87 7, 10, 11; 90 13; 91 60; 92 13
coast redwoods: 47 50; 49 63; 72 8
coastal banksias: 88 30; 89 30
coastal bottlebrush: 88 25
coastal ecosystem: 45 48
coastal gardens: 28 30, 35
coastal plants: 76 13
coastal rosemary: 41 18; 91 60
coastal scrub: 80 66; 84 23
coastal sage scrub: 24 13, 14
Coastal Tea Tree: 91 59
coastal wetlands; 93 6
Cobaea scandens: 65 22, 23; 85 32
cobbles: 70 29, 34; 82 15, 16, 18, 24; 84 71
Cobra Lily: 91 63
Cocculus laurifolius: 11 45; 31 8
cochineal: 2 44; 63 44-48; 69 66; S(2) 25; 72 48; 81 21
Cochlearia armoracia: 42 64
cockchafer beetles: 43 28; 46 102
cockchafer grubs: 60 42; 67 66
cocklebur: 50 38, 39, 42, 44-46; 54 5
cockscomb: 9 23; 46 12; 70 29
cocoa husks: 46 19
coconut: 52 30; 69 19, 20
coconut palm: 29 13
Cocos nucifera: 29 13; 68 51; 69 15
Cocteau, Jean: 49 58; 60 14; 85 15
Codex Vindobonensis: 12 14; 50 26, 28; 68 59; 76 63; 77 29
codling moth: 60 42, 43
codonopsis: 87 47
Codonocarpus: 51 7
coefficient of dry-heat resistance: 39 37
Coffea arabica: 13 13
Coffeeberry: 6 35; 24 14, 16, 18; 28 30; 30 16-18; 84 25; 86 33
coir: 84 44
Coix lacryma-jobi: 29 17; 46 32
Colbert: 53 40
Colchicaceae: 54 63
colchicum: 19 30, 64; 20 40, 46; 30 44, 45; 35 31; 78 54; 80 2; 83 3
Colchicum: 62 66; 87 14; 88 36
Colchicum atticum: 77 112
Colchicum autumnale: 3 34; 16 26; 20 40; 30 44
Colchicum kurdicum: 80 54
Colchicum lusitanicum: 15 34; 23 49
Colchicum psaridis: 65 8
Colchicum variegatum: 20 40
cold frames: 28 8; 61 18
cold hardiness/resistance: 40 51; 50 32; 52 1, 3; 94 20
Colden, Jane: 71 63
colds: 42 63, 64
coleonema: 55 67 
Coleonema: 19 36, 39; 36 25; S(1) 38-41; 91 63
Coleonema album: 79 44
Coleonema aspalathoides: 19 39
Coleonema pulchellum: 19 38, 39
Coleonema pulchellum 'Compactum': 19 38; S(1) 40
Coleonema pulchellum 'Sunset Gold': 19 38; 57 17; S(1) 40
Coleonema pulchrum: 11 44; 26 23-26; S(1) 39; 80 21; 86 30; 89 72
coleoptera: 7 26
Colette: 74 57
Coleus: 22 22; 46 9; 78 16
coleus: 46 31, 34
coleus, golden: 46 31
collard greens: 56 46
Colletia cruciata: 71 34
Colletia hystrix: 19 47
Colletia paradoxa: 19 47; 71 34
Colletia spinosissima: 71 34
Collinson, Philip: 69 51
Colmeiro, Miguel: 74 31
Colocasia: 46 18
Colocasia esculenta: 40 15; 46 25; 83 62
Colocasia esculenta 'Fontanesii':  47 47
Colonial Plants Database: 92 23
colonisation: 70 3
Colonna: 57 53
Colorado beetle: 50 46
Colorado river reed: 73 30
colour, autumn: 6 29, 30, 48; 8 25-28, 30, 31; 55 12, 26, 38; 70 61; 71 34; 74 25; 76 45; 79 29; 83 31, 34; 85 8, 12; 93 34
colour, seasonal: 53 66; 55 26, 38
colour, perception of: 62 5, 6; 63 77
Colquhounia coccinea: 4 21; 11 39, 40
coltsfoot: 57 50
Coluber gemonensis: 71 45
columbine: 14 6; 20 46; 21 26; 92 24
Columbus, Christopher: 80 8; 82 30; 90 6
Columella: 61 10; 74 57
Colutea arborescens: 3 31; 10 23; 50 11; 58 52; 78 65; 82 62
Colutea melanocalyx: 40 46
Coly, Raymond: 74 37
colza: 64 51
Combretaceae: 28 71
combustible: 91 33, 34
Comeau, Michelle: 55 66, 67
Comerford Casey, George Edwards: 40 63
comfrey: 6 46; 58 40, 41; 60 46; 63 72; 66 53; 70 51, 52, 54
Commerson, Philibert: 46 37, 39; 49 7; 77 81
Committee on Plant Health of the European Union: 68 50
Common Agricultural Policy: 63 53
common names: 93 60-63
Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation: 70 42
community gardens, Warsaw: 81 36
Compact Gold Coin: 76 13
companion planting: 70 52-54; 80 29; 88 53
Comperia comperiana: 20 31-33; 21 70-72
Compositae: 6 33; 18 32; 22 29; 24 26; 39 71; 40 25; 42 68;S(2) 22; 71 28
compost: 3 47, 48, 54, 55; 4 23, 42, 53, 55; 5 18, 19, 35, 49, 50-54; 6 1, 37, 44, 45, 55; 7 35, 40; 8 16, 48, 51; 9 22; 10 17, 24, 55; 11 46-48; 12 23; 13 48; 14 23, 55, 56; 15 19, 25, 56, 73; 16 37, 54, 55, 70-72; 17 36, 44, 45, 49, 56; 18 28, 38; 19 5; 20 44; 22 12; 23 24, 54; 25 17, 18, 31, 35, 59; 26 29, 46; 27 49, 65; 28 24, 44; 29 19; 30 71; 31 57; 32 21; 33 57; 35 26; 39 30, 31; 40 22, 71; 42 75, 84; 43 5, 6, 8, 12, 49; 44 3, 69; 45 14, 18, 24-27, 30, 58; 46 89, 102, 103; 47 31, 32, 70; 48 30, 51; 51 27, 65; 52 57; 53 3, 45-47; 55 16, 25; 56 40, 42-44, 65; 58 32, 33, 40, 41, 59; 60 44; 61 19, 37, 48, 60; 62 20, 27, 45, 51, 64, 65, 68; 63 25, 49  50; S(1) 20, 33; 66 8; 68 9; S(2) 10; 70 51-54, 67; 71 43; 74 20, 22; 75 44; 78 9, 11, 46, 47, 50; 79 47, 66, 72; 81 8; 82 9; 83 44; 85 25, 30, 43, 57; 86 8, 10, 65; 88 6, 32, 51; 89 9, 42, 46, 49, 50; 93 26
compost (potting): 3 47; 5 36; 6 37; 20 44; 61 42, 44, 70; 69 20, 22; 70 53; 71 38, 39; 90 39
compost (potting), free-draining: 4 42; 76 56
compost (potting), peaty: 69 13
compost (potting), soilless: 61 19
compost (potting), sterilised loam-based: 61 19
compost bins: 11 25; 70 51
compost heap/pile: 1 49; 3 48; 4 23, 54; 5 52; 23 54; 27 49, 65; 28 24, 44; 29 19; 30 71; 59 1; 69 27; S(2) 11; 70 52; 72 30; 75 50; 77 45; 78 54; 81 41; 84 35; 85 43; 88 32; 91 19, 36
compost pits: 62 27
compost tea: 82 14
compostable materials: 63 49
composted bark: 74 17, 20; 76 57
compuerta: 67 16, 18
Cone Flower: 46 14
Confederat rose mallow: 94 17
Confucius: 80 35
conifers: 5 4, 5; 6 17; 9 32; 15 6; 20 32; 21 59; 22 17, 51, 53; 23 36; 25 41, 52; 26 21, 22; 27 8, 13, 14, 38; 29 52; 35 63; 37 14; 38 5, 20; 40 16; 43 7, 21, 23, 61; 47 25; 48 41; 49 30, 51; 53 28; 56 19; 63 12; 65 6; S(2) 38; 70 30, 63; 72 9, 56; 75 38; 76 47; 77 34, 35; 78 18; 79 39, 48; 82 30, 47; 86 25, 31, 44; 87 44; 89 8, 9; 91 33; 93 62; 94 39, 44
conifers, dwarf: 6 18; 45 36
Conium maculatum: 60 4
Conopodium majus: 73 72
Conophytum: 18 30; S(2) 20
Conostylis: 51 6
Conostylis aculeata: 58 45
conservation: 16 54; 17 7, 60, 67; 19 4, 75; 20 67; 21 4, 6, 51, 62-64; 22 66; 23 2, 4, 6-9, 11-13, 16, 18-20; 25 62; 26 57; 28 13, 32, 57, 62; 31 1, 4, 13, 51, 54; 34 7, 17, 56; 35 4, 59, 60, 62, 82; 36 1, 2, 7, 49, 52, 53, 71, 72; 37 12, 16, 19, 42, 45, 52; 38 86; 39 1; 41 13, 15; 42 59, 60, 62; 52 59; 53 14, 15, 70; 56 4, 5, 15, 16, 28, 69; 57 8; 59 41, 48, 55; 65 5, 9; 66 64; 67 37, 38; 68 5, 55, 56,62, 65; 70 46, 71; 71 13, 21, 51, 53, 55, 56, 67; 72 5, 10, 38; 75 37, 42, 56; 76 2-4, 62; 78 2, 70; 80 13; 81 46; 83 13; 84 9, 62; 88 71
conservation area: 2 2-4, 24, 35; 51 7; 61 50; 68 5
conservation biology: 85 62
conservation ex situ: 23 11
conservation in situ: 23 11
Conservation International: 65 6; 72 38
conservation legislation: 63 36; 77 105
Conservation Orchard: 7 4
Conservation Policy Statement: 25 62
Conservatoire du Littoral: 49 15, 60, 61; 52 24; 62 12
conservatory: 42 54-58; 46 23, 24, 28, 35; 76 23, 25, 26; 84 12; 92 66
conserving moisture: 50 9
Consolida: 58 59
Consolida ajacis: 65 4; 79 14; 84 31, 33
Consolida ambigua: 25 12
Consolida divaricata: 72 39
Consolida orientalis: 11 17
conspicuous consumption: 55 21
constellations: 61 47
containers: 5 1; 7 4; 19 65; 20 7, 13; 22 6, 17; 26 13; 27 14, 34, 59; 28 46, 48, 60; 29 30, 39; 30 13; 41 2, 3, 48; 56 38, 39, 41-44; 62 45; 77 6, 99
Contarinia quinquenotata: 94 41
controlled burning: 51 39
Convallaria: 5 26
Convallaria majalis: 49 31; 57 1; 73 49
Convent of Santa Isabel La Real: 79 8
Convention on Biological Diversity: 23 9; 41 11
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna: 41 11
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats: 93 44
Convolvulaceae: 37 22; 72 25; 82 61; 91 61
convolvulus: 3 8, 11; 53 56; 70 47, 49
Convolvulus: 81 21; 91 61; 92 26
Convolvulus althaeoides: 16 31; 82 61
Convolvulus argyrothamnos: 57 8
Convolvulus arvensis: 60 44; 61 72
Convolvulus cantabricus: 3 33; 27 29; 70 49; 82 61
Convolvulus cneorum: 1 16; 18 22; 19 53; 20 26; 22 30; 30 24; 38 8; 40 24, 25; 41 28; 45 59; 46 54; 50 11, 12; 55 26; 59 5, 6; 74 46, 47; 79 58; 85 31; 86 30
Convolvulus erubescens: 37 22
Convolvulus floridus: 3 8
Convolvulus mauritanicus: 2 28; 21 26; 36 13
Convolvulus minor: 46 13
Convolvulus oleifolius: 18 62; 19 53; 25 8; 29 24, 27; 30 22, 24; 40 24, 25; 45 14; 57 4; 59 7; 67 9; 75 51
Convolvulus sabatius: 21 26; 30 25; 33 26; 36 13; 40 24, 25; 43 32; 50 11; 57 21; 59 6; 92 7
Convolvulus scammonia: 78 65
Convolvulus tricolor: 3 33
Convolvulus valentinus: 18 62
Cook, Captain: 52 39; 69 54; 71 68
Copernicia cerifera: 1 33
copper beech: 48 7; 71 49; 79 39; 89 54
copper engraving: 74 29
Copper Spoon: 93 35
copper sprays: 58 72; 61 37
copper sulphate: 4 44; 5 29; 6 47; 39 13; 77 71; 86 27
Copperleaf: 47 52
coppertone stonecrop: 57 20
coppicing: 46 28; 64 29; 89 30
coprosma:  51 31; 56 25
Coprosma: 22 52; 91 59
Coprosma baueri: 25 48
Coprosma repens: 25 47; 89 18
Coprosma repens 'Pink Splendor': 57 18
Coquito palm: 21 16
Coral Bells: 30 18; 84 24
Coral Gum: 69 11
Coral Pea: 21 29; 24 10, 12
coral reefs: 83 56
Coral Tree: 83 33
coral vine: 57 18
Cordoba Botanical Garden: 23 13; 40 31; 43 57; 79 9; 80 10
cordyline: 12 8; 32 23; 43 17, 61; 44 35; 46 82; 51 60; 67 21; 91 59
Cordyline: 39 17; 46 12; 55 14; 57 17; 91 59
Cordyline australis: 19 47, 49; 35 18; 84 47; 91 41
Cordyline australis 'Atropurpurea': 42 74
Cordyline banksii: 90 68
Cordyline 'Coffee Cream': 33 22
Cordyline indivisa: 44 31; 85 23
Cordyline terminalis: 22 20
coreopsis: 6 11; 33 28; 38 21
Coreopsis: 28 29
Coreopsis auriculata 'Nana': 57 18
Coreopsis gigantea: 78 65
Coreopsis grandiflora: 14 23
Corfu: 20 3, 67; 21 63-66
Corfu gardens: 93 5-13; 94 63-66
coriander: 43 54; 49 34; 67 64; 75 21, 23; 78 42
Coriandrum sativum: 20 40; 75 23; 78 42
Corinthian columns: 69 67
Coris monspeliensis: 57 42
cork oak: 1 40; 25 37; 27 12; 28 6; 29 49; 32 10; 36 30; 37 14; 42 74; 43 43; 44 19, 33, 42; 71 33; 73 46; 76 41; 79 33, 34; 82 25; 86 68; 87 67; 89 59; 90 18, 71; 91 62; 92 17; 94 70
corkscrew hazel: 82 39; 93 49
corkscrew roots: 74 50
corms: 2 32; 3 34; 20 67; 21 48; 22 67; 48 14; 64 66; 70 7; 75 3
corn: 63 72; 87 15
Cornaceae: 91 59
corn-cockles: 74 38
corn marigolds: 65 47
corn salad: 64 50
Cornelian cherry: 53 18; 53 22, 56, 57
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology: 83 9
cornflower: 44 66; 57 50; 64 2; 74 38; 75 1; 78 62
Cornish heath: 59 15
cornus: 44 32; 72 9
Cornus: 14 26; 39 18; 72 28; 73 48
Cornus alba 'Variegata': 34 15
Cornus 'Eddie's White Wonder': 20 59
Cornus florida: 29 28
Cornus kesselringii: 29 43
Cornus mas: 53 18, 24
Cornus sanguinea: 53 24
Corokea cotoneaster: 57 18; 91 59
coronilla: 4 31
Coronilla: 4 50; 6 24; 8 5, 7
Coronilla emerus: 5 44; 21 67; 22 38
Coronilla glauca: 79 58; 85 11
Coronilla glauca 'Citrina': 39 44; 60 8; 86 29
Coronilla globosa: 25 42
Coronilla juncea: 21 67; 22 39; 57 47; 80 19
Coronilla valentina: 45 20; 59 7; 60 45; 64 51; 75 63; 81 16, 19
Coronilla valentina ssp. glauca: 2 22; 5 44; 21 67; 79 58; 81 16
Coronilla valentina ssp. glauca ‘Citrina’: 67 13
correa: 16 1, 35, 37; 30 30; 32 1; 43 34, 35; 44 31; 52 55; 65 3; S(1) 31, 33; 74 27; 89 19
Correa: 21 25, 29; 69 36; 91 59; 92 24, 40
Correa alba: 16 35; S(1) 31; 79 46
Correa backhousiana: 16 35, 36; S(1) 31, 32
Correa bauerleni: 16 35, 37; S(1) 31, 33
Correa calycina: 16 35; S(1) 32
Correa cordifolia: 90 32
Correa 'Dawn Over Santa Cruz': 43 34, 35, 37
Correa 'Dusky Bells': 16 36; S(1) 32
Correa lawrenciana: 16 36, 37; S(1) 32, 33
Correa lawrenciana var. latrobeana: 92 24
Correa 'Manni': 16 36; S(1) 32
Correa 'Marian's Marvel': 16 36, 37; 43 35, 37; S(1) 32, 33
Correa pulchella: 16 36; 30 30; 57 21; S(1) 32
Correa pulchella 'Salmon': 24 11
Correa 'Ray's Tomato': 43 36
Correa reflexa: 16 36; 21 29; S(1) 32, 33; 90 32
Correa schlechtendalii: 16 36, 37; S(1) 33
Correa 'Sister Dawn': 43 36
Correa speciosa: 16 36; S(1) 33
Correa × 'Harrisii': 43 35
Correcher, Consuelo: 43 62
Corsica: 85 1-6
Corsican black pine: 26 33
Corsican mint: 19 66; 91 62
Cortaderia selloana: 46 32; 54 7, 22, 23, 67; 66 35; 75 34; 91 23
Cortés: 63 44
corydalis hybrids: 89 67
Corydalis: 92 71
Corydalis benecincta: 80 54
Corydalis flexuosa: 80 55
Corydalis flexuosa ‘China Blue’: 80 55
Corydalis ochroleuca: 73 48
Corydalis solida: 86 47
Corydalis triternata: 65 48
Corydothymus capitatus: 2 31; 36 51
Corylus: 61 35
Corylus avellana: 73 48; 89 30
Corylus avellana ‘Contorta’: 82 39; 93 49
Corylus colurna: 19 6; 72 9
Corylus cornuta ssp. californica: 57 21; 91 60
Corylus maxima: 54 24
Corymbia: 69 6; 70 43
Corymbia citriodora: 65 19; 79 55; 82 13, 26; 83 30; 89 17; 91 54; 92 37
Corymbia tessellaris: 65 19; 83 31
Corypha elata: 68 51
Corypha gebang: 68 51
Corypha lecomtei: 68 51
Corypha utan: 68 51
Cosmos: 46 18, 57
Cosmos atrosanguineus: 71 29
Cosmos bipinnatus: 46 12; 71 28
Cosmos bipinnatus albiflorus: 20 27
Cosmos sulphureus: 75 63
cosmos/cosmia: 18 48; 40 39; 57 25; 62 55, 57; 64 41; 71 27-29; 89 24
Cosmote: 85 55
Coste, Hippolyte-Jacques: 49 7; 77 81
cotignac: 46 64
cotinus: 57 24
Cotinus:55 26
Cotinus coggygria: 3 30; 7 36; 22 37, 38; 36 8, 29; 59 7; 74 41; 82 39; 86 42; 91 61
Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple': 2 11
cotoneaster: 9 44; 18 11; 27 14; 36 33; 45 36; 50 9; 60 13; 71 39, 60; 74 39
Cotoneaster: 8 7; 21 12; 47 11; 66 35, 36
Cotoneaster dammeri: 14 26; 19 47  
Cotoneaster franchetii: 50 6; 57 46; 86 26
Cotoneaster horizontalis: 14 26; 21 28
Cotoneaster horizontalis f. variegatus: 84 37
Cotoneaster lacteus: 14 26; 19 66
Cotoneaster salicifolius: 14 26
cottage industries: 61 6, 13
cotton: 6 43; 28 52, 53; 76 41; 88 31; 90 10
Cotton Bush, South African: 21 29
cotton lavender: 10 31; 30 24; 39 24; 43 30; 45 20; 49 34, 38, 40; 64 51; 66 16; 89 31
Cotton rose; 94 17
cotton spiny bollworm: 6 43
cotton waste: 45 11, 27; 55 43; 61 19
Cotula australis: 37 22
Cotula coronopifolia: 57 19
Cotula hispida: 91 63
Cotula nudicaulis: 21 19, 23; 77 39, 43
Cotyledon orbiculata: 30 23; 35 32; 59 5, 8; 67 9; 91 63
Cotyledon orbiculata ‘Silver Waves’: 69 37
Cotyledon orbiculata var. orbiculata 'Pig's Ear': 57 21
cotyledons: 50 41, 43, 44; 71 8, 52; 89 16, 18; 91 63; 93 35
couch grass: 4 54; 28 42; 60 44; 65 35; 67 28; 72 21; 92 43, 44
Coulter, Thomas: 72 11
Coulter pine: 31 58
courgettes: 1 53; 3 48; 4 45; 5 37; 49 24, 58; 56 2, 39, 40, 42; 57 71; 62 39; 94 47
courtyard gardens: 73 64, 65; 74 24, 26; 79 2; 81 51, 52, 54, 56; 83 4; 84 48; 92 43, 45; 93 47
courtyards: 4 32, 47; 5 1, 9; 6 12; 9 5; 19 16-18, 20, 66, 69; 20 4, 5; 21 7, 10, 55, 56; 22 10, 59, 60; 23 21; 25 14; 26 5, 8, 27, 47, 52, 53, 63; 27 6, 8, 9, 14, 53, 55; 28 46, 49, 58; 29 53; 30 4-6, 8-11; 31 24, 50; 32 6, 8, 61; 33 19, 29, 30, 51, 70, 78; 34 57, 59; 43 4, 14-17, 20-23, 27, 28, 31, 51, 57, 61, 65; 45 50, 56, 59; 56 19, 22, 23; 57 56, 58; 61 8, 10, 26, 62, 71; 62 8, 9; 63 55; 64 64; 67 40, 41, 43, 54; 70 23, 29, 31, 34; 77 6; 78 28; 84 11, 48, 49; 87 27, 49, 57; 88 14, 16, 25, 64; 90 2, 25, 28, 29; 91 36, 53; 93 33
courtyards, Roman: 70 24
Courtyard of the Lions: 70 26, 27
cover crops: 85 63
cow parsley: 19 30; 25 37
Cowley, Abraham: 45 11
cowpea: 56 48
cowslips: 19 31; 25 37; 42 53; 56 59; 65 33
Cox, Madison: 62 7-9; 93 65
Coyote Brush: 24 14; 30 17; 49 62; 87 9
Coyote tobacco: 58 46
crab apples: 19 59; 21 10; 47 33; 49 22; 72 30; 83 22; 89 16; 90 35
Crambe: 39 71; 55 8
Crambe kotschyana: 8 53
cranberries: 64 49
Cranbourne: 67 72; 68 66; 69 4, 9, 10, 62; 71 50; 78 7; 80 47, 48, 58
cranesbill: 84 31; 87 59; 91 61; 92 14
cranesbill, Madeira: 93 34
Crape/Crepe Jasmine: 73 63
Crape/Crepe Myrtle: 1 12; 6 12; 7 13; 11 34; 12 8; 27 8; 31 56; 50 17;52 55; 83 32, 34; 94 49-51
crassula: 17 27; 23 23; 32 54; 79 56; 86 8, 10; 91 63
Crassula: 52 52; 59 8; 63 22; 81 15; 91 63
Crassula capitella ‘Campfire’: 86 8
Crassula coccinea: 19 27
Crassula erosula 'Campfire': 57 20
Crassula marnieriana: 57 21
Crassula multicava: 13 8; 47 19
Crassula ovata: 28 24; 47 19
Crassula 'Pagoda Village': 57 19
Crassula perforata: 57 21
Crassula perforata var. falcata: 36 13
Crassula portulacea: 28 24
Crassula pubescens ssp. radicans: 86 8
Crassula rupestris ssp. marnieriana: 59 55
Crassulaceae: 25 35; 51 6; 82 62 ; 91 63
crassulaceous plants : 83 62
Crataegus: 36 33; 37 6, 11; 60 34, 35; 66 35; 89 60
Crataegus azarolus: 3 30; 70 48; 74 33; 75 71, 72; 80 3, 4
Crataegus heldreichii: 82 64
Crataegus monogyna: 3 30; 14 25, 26; 35 6; 75 71; 90 18, 60; 92 17
Crataegus phaenopyrum: 27 14
Crataegus tanacetifolia: 37 11; 74 25
crayfish: 60 43
Cream Bush: 6 35
creek: 15 5, 7; 74 4-6; 77 34, 36; 79 33; 84 22; 87 6
creepers: 51 19; 77 86; 84 48; 92 22; 93 11
creepers, self-clinging: 22 55
creeping cherry: 84 5
creeping fig: 5 10; 87 6
creeping myoporum: 76 13
creeping speedwell: 91 62; 92 62
creeping thyme: 2 15
creeping wire vine: 91 59
Cremmosedum 'Crocodile': 28 24
Creosote Bush: 31 57
Crepis: 84 32
Crepis incana: 19 30
Crepis rubra: 3 33; 54 57; 82 61
cress: 56 42
cress, garden: 67 64
Cretan dittany: 43 23
Cretan endemics: 21 62; 25 42, 43;
Cretan flowers: 42 66, 67
Cretan palm: 31 55; 32 32; 63 10; 71 33
Cretan rock rose: 40 35
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: 58 69
crevice garden: 71 27-40
Crinodendron patagua: 11 42; 38 17; 44 38
Crinum: 15 18; 26 50; 27 23, 24; 90 61
Crinum amabile: 4 12
Crinum amoenum: 59 57
Crinum asiaticum: 31 29; 81 52; 90 37
Crinum bulbispermum: 31 28
Crinum macowanii: 31 28; 59 25
Crinum vanillodorum: 11 39
Crinum × powellii: 20 25; 31 28
crinums: 31 28, 53; 49 16; 59 51; 83 2
Crissy Field: 55 3
Crithmum maritimum: 40 45; 63 60; 72 18; 75 63; 76 14, 17; 82 47; 83 17
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts: 28 6, 9
crocosmia: 31 27; 49 22; 64 38
Crocosmia: 49 31; 64 35; 70 9; 91 63
Crocosmia ‘Citronella’: 64 38
Crocosmia 'Lucifer': 55 27; 64 37
Crocosmia ‘Star of the East’: 64 37
Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora: 70 9; 91 63
crocus: 1 42, 43, 49; 6 25; 9 16; 10 17; 12 11; 19 30; 20 8, 40; 25 7, 17; 26 32, 60; 27 18, 26; 29 44; 30 44; 35 31; 38 43; 42 7, 53, 71; 44 54; 49 58; 51 80; 59 10; 63 55; 64 11; 73 45; 77 26, 92; 78 14, 33; 80 2, 22, 69; 83 1, 3; 86 27; 88 36; 89 16, 67
crocus, autumn: 40 8; 58 22
crocus, saffron: 20 8; 25 7; 72 22
Crocus: 14 7; 15 34, 50; 16 26; 45 20; 48 14; 60 52, 53; 67 9; S(2) 17; 72 22; 75 47; 79 16; 82 33; 87 14; 92 71
Crocus abantensis: 11 19
Crocus adanensis: 11 19
Crocus aerius: 11 19
Crocus antalyensis: 11 19
Crocus boryi: 63 33; 77 102; 87 53
Crocus cancellatus: 75 41; 79 16
Crocus cartwrightianus: 16 26; 25 7; 45 13; 57 4; 70 9, 11; 79 16
Crocus chrysanthus: 20 40
Crocus corsicus: 85 4
Crocus cvijcii: 62 66
Crocus fauseri: 80 18
Crocus flavus: 3 34; 20 40
Crocus goulimyi: 20 40; 25 7; 45 13; 50 28; 57 4; 59 57, 70; 63 33; 65 7; 67 74; 77 102; 79 16
Crocus laevigatus: 3 34; 75 41; 79 16
Crocus malyi: 73 45
Crocus minimus: 85 4
Crocus nivalis: 86 47
Crocus niveus: 25 7; 45 13; 57 4
Crocus nudiflorus: 40 8
Crocus ochroleucus: 59 57
Crocus pallasii ssp. pallasii: 87 45
Crocus pelistericus: 62 66
Crocus sativus: 3 34; 11 19; 20 8; 25 7; 60 57; 72 22; 79 16
Crocus serotinus ssp. salzmanii: 23 49, 51, 52
Crocus sieberi: 20 40; 73 45, 51
Crocus siebreri ssp. nivalis : 86 47
Crocus tournefortii: 78 14
Crocus veluchensis: 73 45; 82 56, 62
Crocus veneris: 59 56
Crocus versicolor: 3 34
crop factor: 83 42
crop irrigation: 87 24
crop rotation: 8 47; 58 41; 62 71; 63 71
crop rotation medic/cereal: 73 40
crop rotation pasture/cereal: 73 40
crops, annual: 64 32; 84 40; 93 40
cross-berry: 93 34
cross-fertilisation: 61 10
cross-pollination: 64 52, 53
crown anemone: 76 15
crown daisy: 19 56; 22 43
crown imperials: 52 61; 80 17
Crown of Gold Tree: 83 31
crown of thorns: 4 2; 77 16
crown rot/decay: 63 50; 76 46, 49
Cruciata laevipes: 82 64
Cruciferae: 39 71; 73 7
Crupina crupiniastrum: 39 55
Crupina vulgaris: 17 3
Crusaders: 60 59
Crussol Massif: 79 18, 42
cryptogams: 49 7
cryptomeria: 30 66
Cryphonectria parasitica: 94 42
Cryptomeria: 89 8
Cryptomeria japonica: 21 10; 73 46
Crystal Palace: 46 30
Cubist Garden, Villa Noailles, Hyères: 85 16
cuckoopint: 20 45; 84 32
cucumbers: 1 48, 53; 3 48; 5 37; 8 45, 50; 42 56, 58;49 20, 24; 56 37, 39; 62 34; 64 15; 72 44
cucumbers, horny: 57 34
Cucumis citrullus: 11 14
Cucumis ficifolia: 57 34
Cucumis melo: 11 14
Cucumis metuliferus: 57 34
Cucurbitaceae: 56 39
Cucurbita cidariformis: 11 16
Cucurbita claviformis: 11 16
Cucurbita lagnari: 11 16
Cucurbita potira: 11 16
cucurbits: 59 50; 61 60
culinary plants/herbs: 53 19; 87 17
Cullen australasicum: 37 22
cultivated flora: 72 6
Cunonia capensis: 88 57; 90 54
Cup-and-Saucer Vine: 65 22
Cup Gum: 25 25
Cup of Gold: 4 12; 5 11
Cuphea hyssopifolia: 57 18
Cuphea hyssopifolia var. alba: 20 27
Cupressaceae: 37 21; 82 62; 91 61
× Cupressocyparis leylandii: 39 44; 47 10, 12
Cupressus: 10 3, 9; 14 25; 19 62, 65; 35 20; 38 22; 42 27; 45 12; 49 48; 52 48, 50; 66 37, 69; 72 30, 31; 91 32 
Cupressus arizonica: 32 6; 39 44; 64 29; 78 9; 87 3, 47
Cupressus cashmeriana: 79 55
Cupressus goveniana: 73 46
Cupressus 'Gracilis': 19 25
Cupressus leylandii: 14 10, 28; 17 13; 27 17
Cupressus lusitanica: 15 41; 79 55
Cupressus macrocarpa: 4 4; 19 29; 32 14, 50; 39 44; 47 20; 55 64; 77 17; 78 1
Cupressus pyramidalis: 14 6
Cupressus sempervirens: 3 30; 4 24; 6 12, 15; 10 3, 9; 15 47; 18 9, 25, 53; 19 25, 28, 29, 64, 65; 20 12, 40; 21 57; 22 5, 13, 36, 39, 40, 41; 25 8, 14; 26 29; 27 38; 28 22, 24; 29 11, 19; 31 38; 32 14, 16, 50; 34 10, 37; 35 12, 14, 24; 39 22, 44, 47, 53; 40 9, 34, 43; 45 17, 20; 47 12, 20; 50 15; 52 35; 57 5; 59 6, 7, 54; 61 63; 62 20, 43; 63 12; 64 2, 29; 67 12; 70 22, 23, 25; 72 30; 74 40; 75 8, 56; 77 97; 78 34; 79 55; 80 12; 81 19; 82 8, 30; 83 14; 84 50; 88 62; 89 6; 92 4
Cupressus sempervirens f. horizontalis: 10 3, 9; 14 6; 39 47; 92 17
Cupressus sempervirens f. sempervirens: 39 47
Cupressus sempervirens 'Glauca': 38 21; 89 33
Cupressus sempervirens ‘Stricta Group’: 80 1; 91 61
Cupressus sempervirens 'Totem Pole': 18 23; 19 25, 26
Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis: 1 31; 47 12
Cupressus sempervirens var. sempervirens: 6669
Cupressus 'Stricta': 19 25, 28
Cupressus 'Swaine's Gold': 19 25
Cupressus × leylandii: 83 8
Curl-Leaf Mountain Mahogany: 24 15
currants: 15 7;  74 5; 77 36; 84 24
Curry Bush: 16 32
curry leaf tree: 15 20, 21; 52 55; S(1) 24, 25; 75 24
curry plant: 22 30; 33 30; 40 35; 41 19; 43 30; 49 34; 75 50; 84 21; 85 2; 88 36; 93 14-16
Cuscuta: 72 69
cushion bush: 89 19
Cussonia paniculata: 92 33; 93 1
Cussonia spicata: 79 55
Cussonia transvaalensis: 79 55
custard apple: 49 12; 59 21; 69 15, 21; 70 14; 74  71
cut flowers: 52 41, 42; 69 61; 75 10
cut-and-come-again leaves: 70 55
cutting back: 86 28
cuttings: 1 8, 11, 15, 20, 45; 3 10, 16, 18, 19, 20, 25; 4 11, 23, 28, 43, 55, 57; 5 15, 17, 44, 51; 6 13, 24, 25, 38, 44, 54; 15 7; 28 26, 27, 35, 61, 68; 30 32; 31 22, 80; 32 36, 37; 33 10, 61, 79; 34 6, 14, 19, 28, 30; 35 55, 56; 39 11, 13, 14; 43 22, 37; 51 54, 57, 58; 55 28, 32, 48; 61 16-20, 31-33, 71; 62 53-55; 63 16, 25, 30, 38, 41, 49; 64 36, 38, 68; 69 21, 31, 37, 50; S(2) 4-8, 11, 12, 24, 25; 70 51, 63, 66, 68; 71 37-41, 53, 56; 75 3, 18, 60; 77 5, 12, 36, 48, 63, 64, 70, 72, 73, 107; 78 53; 79 46, 67, 72, 73; 81 1-4, 20, 34, 35, 51, 53, 69, 70; 83 9, 26, 27, 68; 88 14, 16, 27, 31; 92 23, 24, 29, 45, 58, 59; 93 60; 94 14, 39
cuttings exchange: 81 1, 2
Cyanus depressus: 82 61
Cyanus segetum: 82 61
Cyanus triumfettii: 82 61
Cyathea: 57 61
Cyathea browni: 81 11
Cyathea cooperi: 81 11
Cyathea dealbata: 44 33
Cyathea medullaris: 81 11
cycad: 3 8; 4 5-7; 5 5; 12 10; 13 9, 35; 17 27; 21 16; 23 14; 27 59; 28 6; 32 18, 52; 36 31; 37 12; 38 71; 39 65; 40 15; 46 14, 23, 34; 50 18; 52 20, 26; 53 53; 58 4; 71 21, 54; 77 19 20; 78 45; 79 52, 58, 62; 82 53; 83 16, 59, 61; 84 12, 45; 88 51, 56-58; 89 24; 91 12, 52, 56; 92 34
cycad, Modjadji: 88 56
Cycadaceae: 81 11
Cycas circinalis: 36 31; 81 11; 83 59
Cycas revoluta: 10 25; 13 14; 19 62; 22 6; 32 52; 36 31, 64;40 15; 49 32; 79 55; 82 53; 83 59; 84 12; 89 9; 90 68; 92 34
Cycas taitungensis: 83 59
cyclamen: 1 42; 3 3, 47; 7 7; 8 41, 43; 11 19, 31; 12 7, 9; 13 4, 54; 27 56; 28 56, 57, 62; 29 69; 34 6; 35 31; 36 4, 46; 39 60, 66; 40 67; 42 71, 84; 43  8, 17, 21, 26,44; 45 46; 47 20; 51 3, 76; 56 19-23; 57 56; 58 22; 59 10, 13, 48; 62 49; 63 32-36, 55; 64 22, 23; 68 61; 70 9; 72 22; 73 21; 74 24; 75 41, 47; 76 14, 15, 55, 57-64; 77 1, 29, 30, 92, 101-103, 105; 78 2, 14; 79 67-69; 80 16, 20; 83 2, 3; 87 47, 53, 33, 39; 88 2, 9; 89 10, 45; 90 29; 92 1, 59; 93 32, 33, 47, 58, 59; 94 32
cyclamen, cooking with: 76 61
cyclamen seed: 63 33, 36; 73 61; 76 57; 77 102, 105
Cyclamen Society: 40 67; 45 46, 51; 57 70; 61 49, 53; 63 36; 68 61, 62; 76 55, 60-62, 64; 77 105; 79 69; 88 71, 72
cyclamen tubers: 63 33, 35; 77 30, 102, 104
Cyclamen: 1 8; 2 3; 15 50; 16 48; 17 58; 19 31, 64; 20 36, 39; 25 13, 37, 41; 62 72; 68 61, 62; 76 6, 15, 43, 55-64; 77 12; 87 14, 17; 90 37; 94 14, 32, 39
Cyclamen africanum: 79 68
Cyclamen alpinum: 61 50; 76 63; 92 71
Cyclamen balearicum: 15 26; 36 4; 52 5
Cyclamen cilicium: 56 22; 92 71
Cyclamen confusum: 59 57; 68 61; 79 68
Cyclamen coum: 3 34; 28 57; 38 82; 42 53; 56 22; 59 69; 65 48; 74 61; 76 43, 56-60; 79 69; 92 71
Cyclamen coum 'Kuznetzovii': 56 23
Cyclamen coum ssp. caucasicum: 56 23
Cyclamen creticum: 11 19; 20 40; 25 43; 43 23; 56 19; 73 21
Cyclamen cyprium: 44 66; 56 23; 59 52; 63 70; 76 61
Cyclamen europaeum: 56 19
Cyclamen graecum: 2 32; 3 34; 20 40; 28 57; 45 13, 49; 56 19; 57 3; 59 4, 57, 70; 62 32, 34-36; 63 32-36; 66 6; 68 37; 70 9, 11; 75 41; 76 62; 77 1, 103-105; 79 68; 82 37, 38; 83 3; 87 45; 92 71
Cyclamen hederifolium: 11 32; 19 52; 20 40; 25 13; 28 48, 57; 40 40; 42 53,82; 56 20, 21; 59 69; 63 32; 68 62; 73 21; 75 41, 55; 76 56-58, 60, 62, 64; 77 1, 101; 79 68, 69; 82 63; 83 2; 87 45, 52; 92 71
Cyclamen hederifolium var. confusum: 56 21
Cyclamen hederifolium ssp. crassifolium: 68 62
Cyclamen hederifolium ssp. hederifolium: 68 62
Cyclamen intaminatum: 56 22; 92 71
Cyclamen libanoticum: 56 22; 80 16
Cyclamen mirabile: 92 71
Cyclamen neapolitanum: 3 34; 56 21
Cyclamen persicum: 3 34; 16 23; 20 40; 28 57; 36 46; 45 51; 50 26; 52 5; 56 23; 62 69; 65 43, 48, 49; 70 10; 73 21; 76 6, 15; 79 68; 82 37, 38; 83 2; 92 71
Cyclamen persicum cultivars: 76 63
Cyclamen pseudibericum: 56 22; 80 16; 92 71
Cyclamen purpurascens: 56 19; 76 61
Cyclamen repandum: 20 40; 56 23; 73 48; 76 62; 83 2; 85 4
Cyclamen repandum ssp. peloponnesiacum: 25 41; 56 23; 87 43
Cyclamen repandum ssp. peloponnesicum var. vividum: 87 43; 93 58
Cyclamen rhodense: 45 47
Cyclamen rhodium: 68 62
Cyclamen rhodium ssp. vividum: 87 43
Cyclamen rohlfsianum: 73 21; 79 68; 93 32
Cyclamen subgenera: 76 62
cyclamine: 76 61
Cycloconium oleaginum: 53 60
Cyclopia subternata: 16 17; 59 25
Cydalima perspectalis: 94 40
Cydia pomonella: 60 43
Cydonia oblonga: 20 40; 22 23; 46 66
Cylindrocladium buxicola: 94 40
cylindropuntia: 36 65
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa: 90 12
Cylindropuntia rosea: 26 49
Cymbalaria muralis: 74 46
Cymbidium orchids: 15 43; 50 19; 53 35
Cymbopogon citratus: 17 57; 43 55; 56 46; 75 24
Cynanchum acutum: 57 38
Cynanchum monspeliacum: 57 38
Cynara: 8 7
Cynara cardunculus: 3 31; 22 12; 68 5; 78 48, 52; 82 8
Cynara humilis: 68 5
Cynara scolymus: 3 31; 6 15; 20 40; 78 48
Cynodon: 43 28; 69 36
Cynodon dactylon: 3 30; 38 27; 43 27; 60 44; 61 38, 72; 65 35
Cynodon dactylon ‘Santa Ana': 43 27; 67 68, 69
Cynoglossum: 6 33; 82 61
Cynoglossum creticum: 92 26
Cynomorium coccineum: 65 46, 51
Cyperaceae: 37  22, 23; 91 60
Cyperus: 20 7; 21 58; 22 22
Cyperus alternifolius: 8 37; 22 22
Cyperus esculentus: S(2) 39
Cyperus esculentus var. sativus: 20 34; S(2) 39
Cyperus papyrus: 4 8; 8 37; 13 12; 22 22; 31 10; 32 6; 46 25; 77 21 ; 81 51
Cyperus polystachyos: 80 61
Cyperus vaginatus: 37 23
cyphomandra: 35 65
Cyphomandra betacea: 26 72; 57 35; 70 18
Cyphostemma: 91 16
Cyphostemma juttae: 26 49; 29 18, 30 60; 31 56
cypress: 3 6, 10, 26; 4 3, 4, 24; 5 4, 5, 9, 41, 46; 6 12, 14, 16; 7 12, 35; 8 7, 9, 49; 9 11, 13, 16; 10 3, 7, 9, 13, 14; 15 38, 39, 70; 16 42; 17 13, 18, 54; 18 9, 23, 44, 53; 19 8, 24-26, 66, 69; 20 12, 13, 17; 22 1, 5, 12, 13, 60; 23 21, 29, 32; 25 7, 8, 11, 14, 16, 43, 64; 26 47, 52; 27 38, 45, 81; 28 6-8, 24; 29 4, 11, 19-22; 31 9; 32 50; 34 10; 35 12, 45, 49, 63, 64, 67, 69, 70; 36 58, 61; 38 56-58, 81; 39 2, 4, 22, 47; 40 5, 8, 9, 27, 43; 41 8; 42 6, 7, 25; 43 3-6, 61, 62, 64, 65; 45 4, 12, 16-20, 22, 46-48, 50; 46 3, 6, 13, 59; 47 5, 8, 12, 16, 46, 50, 54; 48 7; 49 3, 29, 44, 45, 61; 50 6, 22; 51 19, 24, 26, 68; 52 8, 35, 36; 53 6, 8, 12, 23; 54 26; 55 24, 34, 35; 56 1, 14; 57 5, 23, 46; 58 1-3; 59 18; 60 14, 31; 61 23, 63; 62 15, 16, 20, 25, 31, 43; 63 8, 12, 13, 32, 60; 64 2, 9, 10, 13, 25, 28, 29; 65 13, 27; 66 9, 10, 18-21, 37, 57, 58; 67 11, 12, 45; 68 59; 69 44; 70 22, 23, 25, 63; 71 42, 51, 60; 72 8, 41; 73 56; 74 2, 40; 75 8, 53; 76 42, 44; 77 16, 17, 86, 97, 101; 79 14, 34, 47, 49, 55, 56; 80 1,8, 9, 45; 81 9, 13, 18, 24, 25, 29; 82 8, 19, 22, 24, 32; 83 3, 14, 23, 62; 84 47, 53, 55-57, 60; 85 19; 87 49, 52-54, 56; 88 30, 34, 35, 44, 61, 62; 89 6, 14, 15, 33, 46; 90 9; 91 32, 33, 35, 54; 92 4, 9, 17, 57; 93 11, 16, 28, 29, 38; 94 64
cypress disease: 39 2; 63 12
cypress hedges: 74 2; 79 58
cypress, Arizona: 22 12; 48 41
cypress, blue: 50 7
cypress, Bolgheri: 27 52
cypress, golden: 19 25
cypress, Italian: 4 3; 50 59; 77 16; 91 63; 92 27
cypress, Kashmir: 7 35; 29 51
cypress, Leyland:15 18; 17 13; 57 24; 88 62
cypress, Monterey: 4 4, 5; 55 65, 67; 77 17, 18; 78 1
cypress, Montezuma: 5 5
cypress, Moroccan: 81 55
cypress, 'Swane's Golden': 27 8
Cyprinia gracilis: 93 45
Cyprus alison: 40 35
Cyprus Cactus & Succulent Society: 57 68; 58 65; 59 55; 73 58, 59
Cyprus cedar: 39 47; 40 34
Cyprus flora: 22 64; 57 66
Cyprus Forestry Dept.: 49 68; 52 50; 57 68; 58 65; 59 60, 63; 63 69; 94 72
Cyprus Forestry Dept. College: 59 62; 63 70
Cyprus oak: 39 48
Cyprus vetch: 85 2
Cyprus Wine Museum: 42 82; 63 67
Cyrtanthus: 44 31; 52 9; 88 58; 90 61
cyrtanthus: 44 31
Cyrtomium falcatum: 81 8
Cytinus hypocytinus: 85 3
cytisus: 23 56; 24 69
Cytisus: 59 56; 69 37; 92 28
Cytisus albus: 3 31
Cytisus battandieri: 35 38; 77 65, 112
Cytisus hirsutus: 82 62
Cytisus multiflorus: 43 44
Cytisus oromediterraneus: 51 14
Cytisus 'Porlock': 14 26
Cytisus scoparius: 43 44; 53 18; 54 19; 90 60
Cytisus scoparius hybrids: 19 47
Cytisus spachianus: 19 47
Cytisus striatus: 54 19
Cytisus villosus: 70 48
Cytisus × praecox hybrids: 19 47


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