Mediterranean Garden Society

The Mediterranean Garden

The photograph at the top of this page shows Ramonda serbica to be found flowering in springtime in shady gorges and crevices in Greece and the Balkans (Photo Alisdair Aird)

R
Rabbit Brush: 28 69
Rabbit’s Ears: 85 49
radiant heat: 28 27
radiation, solar: 59 4
Radicepura Garden Festival: 88 67
radishes: 6 46; 45 41; 70 50, 55; 75 1; 81 56
Raffenaldia primuloides: 73 66; 81 57
Raffenau-Delile, Alire: 49 9; 77 81
ragweed: 87 20
Raggionieri, Attilio: 82 67
rain: 1 52; 4 10, 33, 42; 7 32, 34, 41, 42; 8 20, 48; 19 22, 41, 44-46, 50, 51, 54, 83; 20 2, 12, 18, 19, 47; 21 1, 18, 21, 26, 30, 35, 47, 59; 22 1, 10, 19, 22, 24, 42, 43, 54, 56, 57, 70; 23 7, 9, 14, 15, 19, 24, 30, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39, 43-45, 67, 72, 74-76; 24 3, 4, 10, 11, 16, 18, 19, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 32, 35, 37, 41, 44, 49, 50, 52, 53, 66; 25 10, 25, 46, 47, 58, 59; 26 2, 33, 38; 27 4, 14, 19, 22, 38, 49, 53, 65; 28 1, 8, 12, 22, 27, 33, 46, 51; 29 1, 2, 19, 35, 37, 38, 48, 50, 51, 65; 30 17, 28; 31 18, 25, 31, 33-41, 78; 32 1, 21, 24; 33 14, 19, 26, 33, 57, 61, 77, 79; 34 12, 38, 39, 53; 35 1, 15, 16, 20, 26, 46, 51, 69, 84; 36 11, 18, 23, 27, 30; 37 3, 12, 29, 30-33, 38, 70; 38 15, 16, 36, 43, 46, 49, 73, 81; 39 25, 28, 55; 40 21, 39; 41 17, 20, 36; 43 5, 8, 11, 40, 41, 50; 44 4, 5, 16, 43, 45, 52; 45 17, 20, 24, 26, 44, 52; 46 13, 56, 59; 47 3, 29; 48 2, 3, 12, 20, 29, 30, 32, 36-38, 45, 60; 49 3, 14, 57, 69; 50 5, 23, 40; 51 31, 41; 52 7, 14, 17, 19; 53 3, 21, 53, 54, 61; 54 1, 26, 49; 55 4, 10, 34, 49; 56 29; 57 54-56, 71; 58 4, 10, 14, 39, 48, 70; 59 4, 28, 55; 60 34, 44; 61 18, 42, 71; 62 49, 51, 53; 63 6, 19, 20, 28, 30, 32, 52, 54, 65; 65 14, 16, 17, 37, 38, 50, 62, 66; 67 6, 8, 33, 37, 39, 42, 58; 68 26, 37, 38, 58; 69 2, 35-39, 46, 47, 62, 65, 69; 70 7-9, 32, 42, 53; 71 24, 27, 28, 37-39, 43, 48, 69; 74 4, 7, 34, 35; 75 6, 11, 14, 16, 37, 41, 45-47, 53, 55, 57; 76 10, 11, 36, 50; 78 14, 36, 43, 65; 79 10, 22, 29, 39; 80 3, 27, 35, 39, 41; 82 12 24, 38; 83 29, 36, 41, 42, 45; 84 10, 17, 18, 23, 26, 28, 36, 49; 85 11, 37, 57; 86 7, 10, 69, 70; 87 17, 22-24, 48, 49; 88 1, 10; 89 6, 10, 14, 27; 90 13, 16, 18, 22, 48, 62; 91 4, 7, 11, 22, 23, 33, 35, 41; 92 8, 42, 44; 93 56; 94 3, 26, 60
rain forests: 25 21; 53 33; 61 29; 63 6; 72 10; 83 31, 34
Rain Lily: 22 22
rain meter: 45 22
Rain Queen: 88 56
rain shadow: 29 19
rain, abundant: 70 58
rain, acid: 56 62
rain, annual: 45 22; 58 48; 93 24
rain, autumn: 1 2, 11; 5 36, 49; 6 21, 25; 7 7; 10 18; 16 24, 42, 43, 60; 18 1, 71; 22 1, 24; 32 1; 34 1, 29; 35 26, 29, 42; 38 29; 39 22, 24; 40 3; 44 42; 45 14, 29; 48 17; 54 28; 57 31; 63 52; S(1) 34, 35; 66 7; 67 6, 11, 64; 68 9; 69 3, 49; 70 50; 71 37, 40; 74 34; 75 11; 76 10; 77 67; 82 39; 83 2, 43; 84 35, 52; 88 36, 41; 89 10; 91 68
rain, cold: 93 50
rain, deluge: 69 36
rain, downpour: 54 37; 66 34; 75 14; 88 7; 91 20
rain, drizzle: 73 25, 27
rain, end of summer: 48 14
rain, exceptional: 83 2
rain, first: 1 53; 50 1; 51 80; 58 22; 61 69; 63 36; 68 37; 73 16, 21; 74 34; 77 101; 78 65; 79 27, 43; 83 2, 43; 86 10; 88 36, 41; 89 10
rain, heavy: 62 71; 66 34; 70 54; 71 27; 74 17; 78 36; 80 27; 82 56; 84 71; 87 17, 45; 92 59; 93 31, 37; 94 57
rain, heavy showers: 83 36
rain, icy: 93 16
rain, lack of, none: 5 36; 8 44; 71 27; 76 15; 80 39; 84 18; 87 2; 90 42
rain, late: 58 4
rain, late summer: 60 24
rain, light: 83 44; 90 17
rain, little: 63 24, 46; 85 49; 88 25; 90 46
rain, minimal: 91 32
rain, monsoon-type: 55 16, 46
rain, penetrating: 71 27
rain, periodical heavy: 74 16
rain, plentiful: 79 10; 84 10
rain, regular: 52 44
rain, run-off: 71 24; 76 8, 48, 49; 91 4
rain, scant: 92 52
rain, scarcity of: 87 45
rain, seasonal precipitation: 92 54
rain, September: 19 44; 74 33; 93 30
rain, showers: 69 29
rain, splashing: 76 48
rain, spring: 45 52; 58 23, 57; 62 55; 77 93
rain, substantial: 71 37
rain, summer: 8 7; 29 2; 30 20-22; 37 29; 41 26; 55 19; 62 40; S(1) 2; 73 46; 74 18; 83 42
rain, too much: 69 6
rain, torrential: 10 17, 18; 44 45; 51 80; 55 13, 47; 59 52; 63 23; 64 70; 68 38; 75 6; 77 74; 89 10, 27, 28; 91 20; 93 56
rain, unreliable: 92 52
rain, winter: 2 24; 5 52; 6 19, 21, 23; 8 5; 9 19; 10 1, 25; 20 2; 21 21, 25; 22 42, 43; 25 9, 10; 27 22; 29 38; 30 14; 31 27, 70; 33 48; 35 1; 38 20, 22, 28; 40 3, 22, 71; 43 21; 44 62; 45 41; 48 42, 60; 49 69; 50 67; 51 42, 54; 52 4, 52; 56 30; 57 6; 58 33, 48, 60; 65 14; S(1) 2, 29; 69 46; 70 20; 78 36; 80 39; 81 26, 43; 86 70; 87 24; 92 8; 93 37; 94 46
rain damage: 78 14
rainbow chard: 11 52, 53; 58 33
rainfall: 1 23; 4 19, 43; 7 19, 32, 37; 8 5, 7; 10 1; 15 9, 16, 32; 16 1, 37, 45, 56; 17 1, 25; 18 49, 50; 24 10, 24, 37, 44, 49, 50; 25 9, 20, 24; 26 6, 10, 28; 27 4, 59, 65; 29 37, 67; 39 19, 20, 22, 52; 40 24; 41 54; 43 6, 50; 44 16, 38, 63, 68; 45 43; 47 58, 59; 48 31, 32, 42, 60; 49 46, 48; 50 1; 51 9, 24, 40, 70; 52 4; 53 14; 54 26, 61; 55 1, 5, 10, 46; 56 5, 44; 58 48, 49, 70; 59 75; 60 2, 29, 49; 61 6; 64 38; 65 40, 62; S(1) 10, 33; 67 5, 6; 68 9, 29, 65; 69 17; 70 7, 8, 10, 11, 56; 71 7, 18, 24, 28, 32; 72 42, 57; 73 4, 46; 75 1, 15, 35, 46; 76 21, 36, 44; 77 43, 115; 81 15, 26, 51; 82 3, 32, 54; 83 41-46; 84 22, 31, 33; 85 9, 29, 30; 86 69, 70; 87 21, 23; 88 7, 26, 58; 89 3, 16, 17; 90 51, 61; 91 10, 11, 20, 32; 92 27, 28, 56
rainfall, abundant: 4 19; 74 7; 76 45
rainfall, annual: 8 5, 28; 48 24, 30; 55 1, 20; 60 2; 75 44; 78 15; 83 44; 86 69; 88 7; 93 6, 21; 94 21
rainfall, average: 48 37; 69 16, 35; 70 7; 83 46
rainfall, decreases in/declining: 51 9; 91 10
rainfall, distribution of: 60 3; 69 16; 70 7, 11; 86 69
rainfall, heavy: 75 13; 83 46
rainfall high: 65 36
rainfall, intermittent: 79 46
rainfall, lack of: 79 42
rainfall, low: 5 35; 21 23; 77 43; 83 46; 89 34
rainfall, lower: 78 1
rainfall, plentiful: 90 51
rainfall records: 71 7
rainfall, regular: 79 41
rainfall, reliable: 89 16
rainfall, scant: 93 21
rainfall, seasonality of: 79 42
rainfall, sporadic: 91 11
rainfall, summer: 1 23; 4 45; 71 18; 72 9
rainfall, summer rainfall areas: 73 17
rainfall, summer, unpredictable: 88 26
rainfall, winter: 8 25, 26; 59 4; 67 5; 69 49; 72 31; 88 58; 90 62
rainfall-fed sprinklers: 77 88
rainforest plants: 80 13
rainless summer months: 79 41
rainless conditions: 55 47; 58 57; 87 47
rainstorms: 21 35; 22 19; 28 27; 61 62
rainwater: 7 27; 9 19; 10 21; 28 46; 33 80, 87; 34 51; 36 20; 38 46; 45 45; 53 9, 31, 53, 54; 55 67; 57 29; 58 49, 59; 59 52; 60 29, 34, 36; 64 25, 34, 58; 66 53; 67 5, 18; 70 50, 55; 71 27, 48, 52; 73 3; 74 20; 75 56; 80 5, 35; 82 15, 18; 83 44; 84 48; 88 29; 91 42
rainwater barrel: 62 53
rainwater storage: 21 29; 22 13 
rainwater storage butts: 60 34; 72 28
rainwater tanks: 51 21; 71 27, 48; 72 28, 48; 77 88; 91 51
rainy season: 47 2; 21 18; 55 25; 69 16; 74 7; 76 15, 50; 77 38; 90 12
raised beds: 20 22, 28; 22 12; 25 17, 55; 26 28; 28 27, 43; 52 51; 55 49; 58 41; 59 55; 61 60; 62 45; 67 47; 70 50, 52; 71 54; 76 50, 56; 77 99; 78 29, 32; 90 28, 29
raised vegetable beds: 91 57
Raixa: 15 48; 17 7; 57 55
rambutan: 76 72
Ramonda nathaliae: 23 37
Ramonda pyrenaica: 23 37
Ramonda serbica: 23 37; 54 55; 82 59, 61
Ramsar Convention: 56 71
Rana Creek: 51 1, 3, 74
Rancho Las Tunas: 87 7
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden: 19 2; 23 76; 24 19; 28 31, 56, 58; 35 22; 69 56, 57; 81 56; 88 66; 90 3, 11-15; 91 2, 57
Rantonnet, Barthélémy Victor: 59 20-22
Ranunculaceae: 37 22; 52 61; 54 63; 82 63; 91 61, 62
ranunculus: 47 20; 78 62; 87 47
Ranunculus: 20 26, 41; 21 58; 23 52; 57 41; 82 64
Ranunculus aquatilis: 84 32; 89 59
Ranunculus asiaticus: 3 34; 20 41; 25 42-44; 45 48; 63 17; 65 47, 48
Ranunculus creticus: 25 42
Ranunculus cuneatus: 84 5
Ranunculus ficaria: 60 45; 64 60
Ranunculus illyricus: 73 44
Ranunculus lappaceus: 37 22
Ranunculus monspeliacus: 57 38
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius: 21 58
Ranunculus sardous: 61 52
Raoulia: 91 60
Raoulia hookeri: 11 30
Rapanea melanophloeos: 16 17; 59 26
Raphael: 78 27
Raphanus raphanistrum: 64 51
Raphanus sativus: 73 7
rare and endangered plants: 79 21, 25, 27
rare mediterranean plants: 78 1
rare species: 61 66; 63 13
raspberries: 6 45; 29 44; 55 50; 65 33; 66 39-41, 53
raspberry flowers: 64 41
Rationalist Movement: 85 15
Raven, J.E.: 74 52
Ravenala madagascariensis: 70 63
Ray, Man: 85 15
Reading University Herbarium: 58 67
reafforestation/reforesting: 14 3, 6; 16 2, 61; 18 72; 21 42; 43 8; 53 11; 58 66; 59 61; 63 69; 66 23
Real Jardin Botánico de Córdoba: 80 25
Recchiafanza: 33 20
recolonisation: 51 12, 14, 15
recycling: 49 71; 53 3; 58 41
red beet: 46 39
Red Cap Gum: 25 23; 69 12
Red Cedar: 83 32, 33
Red Cup and Saucer: 21 20; 77 40
Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus: 68 56, 57; 79 25, 27; 93 42
red dombeya: 83 32
red gums: 71 51
red hook sedge: 91 60
Red Ink Plant: 40 36; 55 37
Red Ironbark: 69 6
Red Jade Stem: 91 64
Red Justicia: 92 47
Red List of Threatened Plants, IUCN: 94 72
Red Orchid Bush: 76 10
red palm weevil: 47 75; 54 71; 57 71; 62 2; 63 12, 58; 68 40, 41, 44; 78 1; 81 21; 91 19; 92 32
Red Ribbons Clarkia: 6 35
Red River Gum: 36 13
Red Sand Garden: 69 5-7
Red Shanks: 31 58
red spider: 64 70
red spider mite: 55 13; 78 55; 90 41
Red waratah: 85 49
redbud: 15 7; 27 14; 32 1; 77 36; 86 24
red-flowered dove's bill: 39 10; 77 69
red-flowered houseleek: 39 12
red-flowered ironbark: 12
red-hot poker: 21 29; 91 63
Redouté: 49 9; 77 82
reduced irrigation: 63 16
redwood: 15 7; 18 56; 22 51; 24 9, 41; 30 66; 77 36
redwood, giant: 93 51
Redwood Banksia: 24 9
redwood forest vegetation: 84 23
reedbeds: 86 24
reedmace: 55 41, 43
reeds: 3 45; 40 19; 51 80; 75 70; 89 51
reeds, giant: 21 41; 44 15; 54 18
reflections: 89 14
reforestation: 75 37, 39; 88 35, 38
regeneration: 49 47, 48, 54, 55; 51 3, 12, 14-16, 40-42, 80; 55 34, 51; 63 30
Regional Parks Botanic Garden: 15 1, 5-8; 22 68; 23 74; 24 19; 27 80; 28 56, 66; 30 37; 77 34-37; 81 46
Regional Service for the Protection of Plants, Côte d'Azur: 46 7
Register of the Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Croatia: 68 19
Reichardia picroides: 37 39; 45 16; 55 34
Reinhardt Garden: 46 9-20, 90
Reinhardt, Max: 46 10, 12, 14, 19
Regulated Deficit Irrigation: 83 42
relict forests: 88 53
relict vegetation: 68 7; 74 31
Remarkable Rocks: 71 58
Rembert, Dodoneus: 49 6; 77 80
Remineralize the Earth: 59 39
remnant vegetation: 71 56
Renaissance: 28 5, 9
Renaissance gardens: 10 45; 70 27, 28
Renaissance villas: 62 9
René Maire Herbarium of North African Plants: 49 9; 77 83
Rengarenga Lily: 11 30
repilo: 53 60
reptiles: 59 24, 66; 63 58; 65 8, 44; 70 60; 72 52; 75 42, 54; 83 7, 12, 16; 92 51
Repton, Humphrey: 6 9; 16 9; 20 55; 58 5
Reseda alba: 16 26; 20 41; 45 14; 71 63; 84 32
Reseda lutea: 71 63; 84 32
Reseda muricata: 65 44
reservoirs: 24 50, 51, 53; 48 21, 30, 39; 59 31; 67 15-18; 70 25; 71 20; 84 55
resin: 90 5-7
restanques: 55 24; 80 19, 20, 23; 86 25, 26
Restio: 91 64
Restio gigantus: 16 17
restios: 27 21; 29 65; 37 43; 71 52; 88 53
Restoniaceae: 51 6; 59 25; 89 51; 91 63, 64
retaining walls: 19 28; 28 22, 43; 29 19, 38; 30 21; 67 21, 51; 89 11
Retama monosperma: 43 44; 55 76; 62 7; 89 16
Retama raetam: 59 7; 65 47; 67 12; 73 8, 9; 76 8
Retama sphaerocarpa: 14 25; 72 13
Reynoutia japonica: 54 67
reverse osmosis: 81 11
Rhagodia spinescens: 38 68; 69 5
Rhamnaceae: 91 60, 64
rhamnus: 23 26; 36 41; 56 25
Rhamnus: 18 15, 16; 49 55, 56; 66 35
Rhamnus alaternus: 1 16; 6 20; 14 25; 15 26; 22 39, 41; 28 30; 36 8, 24; 37 16; 39 22; 49 53, 54; 59 7; 60 9; 62 14, 43, 46; S(1) 27; 68 9; 76 7; 77 97, 100; 81 17, 19; 82 16, 32, 44, 46; 85 31; 92 5; 93 11
Rhamnus alaternus 'Variegatus': 1 16
Rhamnus californica: 6 35; 24 14, 16, 18; 28 30; 30 18; 86 33; 87 16
Rhamnus californica 'Eve Case': 24 18; 48 27; 57 17
Rhamnus californica 'Mound San Bruno': 24 18; 48 27
Rhamnus catharticus: 64 41
Rhamnus fragilis: 64 41
Rhamnus ludovici-salvatoris: 4 50; 52 11
Rhamnus lycioides: 81 17, 19
Rhamnus prinoides: 1 22
Rhamnus ziziphus: 53 38
Rhaphiolepis: 1 16
Rhaphiolepis indica: 5 12
Rhaphiolepis indica 'Springtime': 19 47
Rhaphiolepis umbellata: 19 47; 71 71
Rhaphiolepis × delacourii: 71 34
Rhapidophyllum hystrix: 33 30
rhapis: 32 27
Rhapis excelsa: 32 30
Rhapis humilis: 32 30
Rhazya orientalis: 11 17
Rheum nobile: 80 54
rhino beetles: 26 46
Rhipsalis cruciformis: 86 8
rhizomatous ivy: 70 39
rhizomes: 21 48; 22 67; 54 26; 55 30, 32; 64 35; 74 47
Rhodanthe anthemoides: 37 14
Rhodanthemum catanche: 74 46
Rhodanthemum hosmariense: 72 12; 74 46; 86 28
Rhodes, Cecil John: 71 17; 88 57, 58
Rhodes Memorial: 71 18
Rhodocoma gigantea: 59 25
Rhododendron arboretum: 90 17
Rhododendron luteum: 72 40; 75 54
Rhododendron ponticum: 54 68
Rhododendron sino grande: 7 46
rhododendron 'Coral Flare': 43 22
rhododendron 'Cristo Rey': 43 22
rhododendron 'Pindi Pearl': 43 22
rhododendrons: 8 56; 14 16; 29 49, 51; 38 20; 40 17; 41 51; 44 25; 52 2; 55 8; 57 25; 64 49; 76 40, 44; 79 42; 80 15; 88 25; 89 6, 8, 45; 90 17
rhododendrons, dwarf: 59 15
rhododendrons, Vireya: 18 49; 37 10; 43 22; 74 26; 79 11, 12
Rhodophiala bifida: 59 57
Rhodophiala rhodolirion: 83 2
Rhodosphaera rhodanthema: 83 33
Rhoicissus tomentosa: 59 26
Rhopalostylis sapida: 32 30
RHS: 94 1, 49, 50, 52
RHS Award of Garden Merit: 67 4, 74; 94 49
RHS Hyde Hall: 90 70
RHS Rosemoor: 46 96
rhubarb: 6 46; 46 25; 81 56; 88 3; 89 31
Rhus: 24 15; 28 30
Rhus ciliata: 1 21
Rhus coriaria: 40 34, 35, 45
Rhus dentata: 1 21
Rhus integrifolia: 24 14; 36 25
Rhus lancea: 57 17; 64 30; 74 35; 75 12, 46; 91 64
Rhus leptodictya: 1 21
Rhus pentaphylla: 13 12
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus: 47 75; 50 47; 51 82; 54 71; 56 15, 17, 18; 57 71; 62 2; 63 58; 68 40, 42, 44, 48, 49, 51; 81 21; 91 19; 94 45
Ribes: 45 61; 57 18, 19; 84 24
Ribes aureum: 33 2; 82 17
Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum: 30 18; 57 18; 91 60
Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum 'Spring Showers': 24 11
Ribes speciosum: 30 70
Ribes viburnifolium: 6 35; 30 18
ribbon bush: 93 34
rice: 58 41; 90 10
Rice Flower: 71 58
rice paddies: 82 27
Richard the Lionheart: 57 69
Richaud, Frédéric: 50 50
richea: 44 31
Richer de Belleval, Pierre: 57 37
Ricinus: 55 60
Ricinus communis: 3 32; 20 8; 23 59; 47 77; 53 32; 63 24
Ricinus communis 'Carmencita': 47 52, 77
Ricinus communis 'Sanguineus': 46 34
Rico y Soler, Joaquin: 93 27
Ricotia cretica: 25 43
Ricotia lunaria: 76 12
Ricotia sinuata: 61 50
rills: 5 11; 47 47, 48; 53 33, 64; 56 1; 62 9; 65 49; 75 49; 81 12, 50; 82 20; 91 54, 70; 92 34; 94 57
riparian plants: 61 29
riparian woodlands: 80 24; 84 23
Riquet, Paul: 67 28
rise in global temperatures: 57 31
River Red Gum: 36 13; 91 14; 92 36; 93 62
River Sheoak: 92 34
River Wattle: 74 26; 91 59
Riviera: 40 15; 58 4
robinia: 26 15, 36; 29 45; 51 60; 73 56
Robinia: 15 40; 49 49, 55, 56; 60 45
Robinia frisia: 12 9
Robinia pseudoacacia: 10 25; 23 58; 30 54; 32 22; 40 34, 35; 47 53; 49 53, 54; 50 7; 51 46; 54 3, 4, 24, 67; 55 80; 56 71; 59 62; 63 22; 65 58; 78 10
Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’: 83 32, 33
Robinson, William: 6 49; 8 34; 17 47; 46 25-27, 29, 32, 33, 35, 36; 49 2, 61; 59 12-14; 60 18; 61 67, 68; 64 59
rocambole: 56 47
rock fig: 71 52
rock garden: 19 52; 21 62; 22 46, 49, 55, 56; 23 24, 39; 27 59; 39 12; 43 12; 46 10; 62 19, 20; 76 14; 84 54; 89 9; 92 8, 9; 94 61
rock outcrops: 19 25
rock samphire: 72 18
rockeries: 46 95; 52 18, 22, 51-53; 55 45; 59 10; 67 42; 73 7, 9, 10; 76 6; 78 38; 80 15; 84 18; 88 51
rockery plants: 71 40
rocket: 19 56; 20 17, 19; 52 67; 54 46; 60 57; 64 4, 51
Rocket Protea: 71 21
rockrose: 1 5; 7 16; 21 29; 26 4; 27 13, 14; 36 8; 39 23; 48 12; 49 34, 40; 56 55; S(1) 7; 77 9; 78 59; 79 33; 83 27, 29; 88 36; 91 61; 93 59; 94 11
rockrose, cat’s head: 52 16
rocks: 45 18, 61
rockscapes: 87 57
rodents: 7 27; 47 78
Rodríguez-Acosta, José Maria: 79 7
Rodríguez y Caramazana, Manuel: 78 40
Roemeria hybrida: 52 64
Rojasianthe superba: 55 76
Roldana petasitis: 71 70
Roman courtyards: 70 24
Roman gardens: 24 60, 61; 26 8; 29 13, 14
Roman land division: 67 24
Roman ruins: 74 57
Roman villa: 58 16
Romans: 49 44, 45
romneya: 6 52; 31 60; 73 14
Romneya: 36 25; 55 8
Romneya coulteri: 20 28; 24 15; 28 30; 37 53; 38 17; 52 67; 72 11; 73 70; 82 22; 88 3
Romulea: 5 45
Romulea bulbocodium: 20 41; 81 56, 57
Romulea columnae: 65 48
Romulea monadelpha: 21 22; 77 41
Romulea obscura: 75 46
Romulea rosea: 18 43
Romulea sabulosa: 21 22; 77 41
romuleas: 80 2; 83 1
Rondelet, Guillaume: 57 37
roof garden: 80 49; 85 55-58, 59-61
roof greening: 59 34-40
Roosevelt, President: 76 42
root crops/vegetables: 2 44; 6 46; 57 34; 61 46, 60
root division: 22 30
root fungus: 6 2
root growth: 64 49
root pruning: 66 27
root restriction: 43 62
root rot: 39 12; 74 16; 75 34; 76 46, 48, 51; 77 71
root system: 48 15, 16, 42, 43, 61; 62 42; 63 35; 77 96, 105
root system, shallow: 76 30
rooting hormone: 70 67; 81 69
roots: 19 19, 49; 20 5, 7, 23, 34, 50; 21 21, 36, 43; 22 11, 17, 18, 30, 42, 47, 54, 56; 23 34, 58, 60, 75; 24 41, 46-48, 72; 25 22, 45, 46; 28 7, 12, 21, 22, 43, 72; 48 15, 16, 62; 61 42, 46, 47, 69
roots, invasive: 68 36; 90 47
rootstock: 66 28; 72 44, 69; 78 11
Rosa: 35 14
Rosa 'Agnes': 20 21
Rosa ‘Aimée Vibert’: 81 30
Rosa 'Albéric Barbier': 42 25
Rosa 'Albertine': 2 9; 11 33; 28 46; 38 16; 53 22; 61 30; 66 15; 89 17; 94 58
Rosa 'Alister Stella Gray': 2 10; 54 38; 61 31
Rosa 'Aloha': 5 47; 42 45
Rosa 'Amatsu Otome': 42 45
Rosa 'American Pillar': 42 8; 81 28
Rosa 'Amoureux de Peyret': 13 10
Rosa ‘André le Nôtre’: 92 9
Rosa anemonoides: 2 9
Rosa ‘Angel Face': 42 40
Rosa ‘Anne-Marie de Montravel’: 71 72
Rosa 'Apricot Nectar': 42 41
Rosa 'Archduke Joseph': 43 78; 54 40
Rosa arvensis: 13 32
Rosa 'Auguste Gervais': 5 47
Rosa 'Ausmary': 42 47
Rosa 'Ausmas': 42 46
Rosa 'Baby Gold Star': 42 45
Rosa 'Baccara': 61 33
Rosa 'Ballerina': 48 8
Rosa banksiae: 1 7; 5 47; 6 49; 13 31; 16 23; 17 57; 41 3; 42 45; 43 41; 47 17; 52 34; 56 35; 61 30; 77 11; 79 55; 81 29, 61-63; 82 22, 67; 92 31; 94 14
Rosa banksiae 'Alba Plena': 50 10; 61 30; 71 71; 79 40; 80 22; 86 28
Rosa banksiae 'Lutea': 4 51; 19 6; 20 21; 21 62, 64; 34 13; 36 28; 42 45; 48 7; 57 58; 61 30; 64 36; 70 23; 81 29
Rosa banksiae f. lutea: 81 61, 62
Rosa banksiae f. lutescens: 81 62
Rosa banksiae var. banksiae: 71 39; 81 29
Rosa banksiae var. normalis: 54 38
Rosa banksiae × gigantea: 57 55
Rosa 'Barbara': 4 51
Rosa 'Bardou Job': 43 78
Rosa ‘Baronne de Rothschild’: 13 10
Rosa 'Baroness Rothschild': 20 18, 20
Rosa 'Beauty of Glazenwood': 34 12
Rosa 'Belle Poitevine': 42 43
Rosa 'Bengal Crimson': 42 46
Rosa bengalensis: 13 31
Rosa Bérénice’: 86 31
Rosa 'Betty Depritchard': 49 26
Rosa 'Blairii No. 2’: 5 2, 20; 34 12, 16
Rosa ‘Blasco Ibáñez’: 92 7
Rosa 'Bloomfield Abundance': 3 25; 5 20; 42 45; 60 24
Rosa 'Blue Bayou': 42 40
Rosa 'Blue Moon': 42 40
Rosa 'Blush Damask': 20 21
Rosa 'Blush Noisette': 42 48; 81 30; 86 31
Rosa 'Blush Rambler': 54 38
Rosa 'Bobby James': 2 10; 20 20; 61 33; 81 34
Rosa 'Bonica': 42 43; 61 33; 76 33
Rosa 'Borderer': 17 47
Rosa bracteata: 3 24, 25; 4 50, 52; 5 50; 13 31; 42 45; 48 7; 53 19
Rosa brunonii: 2 10; 5 50; 13 31; 38 12; 59 15; 81 35
Rosa brunonii 'La Mortola': 42 76
Rosa brunonii 'The Garland': 42 48
Rosa 'Buff Beauty': 2 10; 3 24; 48 7; 61 32; 81 30
Rosa 'Butterscotch': 45 37
Rosa calendarum: 13 31
Rosa californica: 6 36; 13 29
Rosa californica 'Plena': 42 43
Rosa canariensis: 34 13
Rosa 'Canary Bird': 2 10; 61 31
Rosa canina: 1 42; 13 30; 14 25; 34 30; 70 26, 29, 67; 76 29, 30; 82 64; 85 44; 86 45
Rosa 'Cantabrigensis': 42 43
Rosa 'Captain Christy': 8 33
Rosa 'Caroline Testout': 8 33; 34 31
Rosa 'Catherine Deneuve': 13 10
Rosa 'Cécile': 56 35
Rosa 'Cécile Brunner': 3 25; 42 45, 47; 60 24; 89 17
Rosa 'Celsiana': 20 20, 21
Rosa 'Centenaire de Lourdes': 6 50
Rosa 'Chapeau de Napoléon': 20 21
Rosa ‘Charles de Gaulle’: 92 9
Rosa 'Charles de Mills': 20 21
Rosa 'Chaucer': 20 21
Rosa chinensis: 13 31; 81 28, 29; 82 67
Rosa chinensis 'Bengal': 21 62
Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis': 5 42; 11 29; 36 28; 41 9; 42 45; 48 7; 71 71; 81 29; 87 46; 94 58
Rosa chinensis 'Sanguinea': 42 46; 81 28, 29
Rosa chinensis 'Sophie's Blush': 5 41
Rosa 'Chrysler Imperial': 42 46
Rosa 'Cicely Lascelles': 11 29
Rosa 'Clair Matin': 13 10; 81 37
Rosa 'Claire': 28 49
Rosa 'Claire Jacquier': 54 38
Rosa ‘Clear Water’: 92 6
Rosa 'Climbing Lady Hillingdon': 42 46
Rosa 'Climbing Mermaid': 1 7; 77 11; 94 14
Rosa 'Cocktail': 61 33
Rosa 'Complicata': 42 43; 48 7; 61 32
Rosa 'Comtesse d'Anvers': 8 34
Rosa 'Constance': 56 35
Rosa 'Constance Spry': 2 10; 20 20; 61 32
Rosa 'Cornelia': 2 10; 3 24; 11 29; 42 75; 61 32
Rosa corymbifera: 13 31
Rosa 'Crepuscule:': 34 15; 42 43; 71 50; 89 54
Rosa 'Crimson Glory': 42 46; 43 19
Rosa 'Cuisse de Nymphe': 47 17; 86 31
Rosa ‘Cuisse de Nymphe Emue’: 81 34
Rosa 'Cymbeline': 20 18, 20
Rosa 'Dainty Bess': 42 46
Rosa damascena: 34 30
Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen': 49 26
Rosa ‘Dame Judi Dench’: 94 58
Rosa 'Daydream': 17 47
Rosa 'Desprez à fleurs jaunes': 56 35
Rosa 'Devoniensis': 42 46
Rosa 'Diamond Jubilee': 42 46
Rosa 'Domaine de Courson': 61 33
Rosa 'Dorothy Perkins': 20 21
Rosa 'Dr. van Fleet': 42 46; 54 38
Rosa 'Duc de Cambridge': 34 13
Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant': 60 8
Rosa dumetorum: 13 31
Rosa 'Dupontii': 11 33; 42 48
Rosa 'Dynasty': 13 10
Rosa ecae: 42 43
Rosa eglanteria: 13 30
Rosa 'Emmanuella de Mouchy': 43 78
Rosa 'Empereur du Maroc': 20 21
Rosa 'Escapade': 20 21
Rosa 'Estrelita de Oro': 42 45
Rosa 'Etoile de Lyon': 34 16
Rosa 'Etoile d'Hollande': 2 7
Rosa ‘Eyes For You’: 89 57
Rosa ‘Fantin Latour’: 81 31
Rosa farreri persetosa: 42 46
Rosa 'Fée des Neiges': 42 46; 81 33
Rosa 'Felicia': 3 24; 6 50; 42 46, 75; 61 32
Rosa 'Félicité et Perpétue': 2 10; 3 8; 5 20, 47; 15 18; 61 32; 82 26
Rosa 'Félicité Parmentier': 11 32; 20 21
Rosa ‘Fellenberg’: 81 28
Rosa 'Ferdinand Pichard': 54 37; 81 35
Rosa ferruginea: 13 30
Rosa filipes: 13 29
Rosa filipes 'Kiftsgate': 54 38; 82 20
Rosa 'Flying Colours': 8 35
Rosa foetida: 13 28
Rosa foetida ‘Austrian Copper’: 92 55
Rosa 'Fortune's Double Yellow': 19 73; 34 11; 82 26
Rosa 'Fortune's Yellow': 8 33; 42 8
Rosa 'Fragrant Cloud': 3 25
Rosa 'Frances Austin': 20 21
Rosa 'Frances E. Lester': 2 10; 31 14
Rosa 'François Juranville': 3 25
Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup': 42 43
Rosa 'Frau Karl Druschki': 8 33; 25 55
Rosa 'Fred Loads': 3 24
Rosa 'Frédéric Mistral': 42 46
Rosa 'Frédica': 5 48
Rosa 'French Lace': 27 7
Rosa 'Fruhlinsgold': 42 43
Rosa 'Gabrielle Privat': 28 43
Rosa gallica: 5 48; 11 7, 16; 13 30; 34 7, 30, 31; 56 13
Rosa gallica 'Complicata': 11 29
Rosa gallica var. officinalis: 42 48
Rosa gallica var. versicolor: 18 6; 34 5
Rosa 'Garland': 54 38
Rosa 'Général Schlablikine': 2 7; 5 47, 48; 8 34; 29 4 ; 43 78; 61 31; 76 31
Rosa gentileana: 42 48
Rosa ‘George Moustaki’ : 92 7
Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll': 42 46 ; 56 35; 94 58
Rosa 'Ghislaine de Féligonde': 20 20; 42 46; 81 35
Rosa gigantea: 6 49; 8 34; 13 29; 17 47, 48; 34 61; 38 10, 11; 42 48; 89 17
Rosa glauca: 13 30; 37 10; 42 43
Rosa 'Gloire de Dijon': 5 47; 38 12; 48 7
Rosa glutinosa: 13 30
Rosa 'Gold of Ophir': 34 12
Rosa 'Golden Chersonese': 42 43
Rosa 'Golden Sun': 34 31
Rosa 'Golden Wings': 2 9; 14 18
Rosa 'Gourmet Popcorn': 15 21; 17 43, 44; 27 6; S(1) 25
Rosa 'Graham Thomas': 28 49; 34 15; 42 43, 46; 56 10; 71 71
Rosa ‘Gros Provins’: 81 34
Rosa 'Grouse': 42 48
Rosa 'Gruss an Aachen': 11 30
Rosa ‘Guinée’: 73 50
Rosa ‘Guirlande d’Amour’: 81 33
Rosa 'Hadley': 49 26
Rosa 'Harbinger': 8 35
Rosa ‘Harlow Carr’: 94 58
Rosa 'Harwanna': 42 46
Rosa 'Heideröslein': 42 47
Rosa 'Henriette de Beauveau': 8 33
Rosa 'Heritage': 20 21
Rosa 'Honey Dyson': 20 21
Rosa 'Howard Florey': 42 43
Rosa hugonis: 48 7; 60 6; 61 31
Rosa ‘Ibrido di Castello’: 82 67
Rosa 'Iceberg': 3 24; 5 47; 6 50; 20 25; 21 12; 42 41, 46, 75; 45 37; 48 7; 55 40; 60 8; 68 34, 36; 75 8; 81 28; 87 55, 59; 89 17; 94 58
Rosa indica: 34 31
Rosa indica ‘Major’: 5 48; 11 32; 81 28
Rosa 'Isabelle Nabonnand': 61 30
Rosa 'Isfahan': 2 9; 61 32
Rosa 'Jacqueline du Pré': 42 46; 81 34
Rosa 'Jacques Cartier': 20 21
Rosa ‘Jens Munk’: 81 34
Rosa 'Jessie Clark': 8 35; 17 47
Rosa 'Johannes Strauss': 13 10
Rosa 'Joseph's Coat': 6 50
Rosa 'Julien Potin': 49 26
Rosa 'Just Joey': 3 25; 42 41
Rosa ‘Kathleen’: 54 41; 81 34
Rosa 'Kew Rambler': 3 39
Rosa 'Kiftsgate': 2 10; 48 7; 61 33; 94 58
Rosa 'Korresia': 3 25
Rosa ‘La Follette’: 34 15; 38 11, 12; 76 33
Rosa 'La France': 8 33; 42 46; 54 40
Rosa 'La France de 1889' : 8 33
Rosa 'La Mortola': 3 25; 61 33; 82 26
Rosa 'La Sevigliana': 54 38; 80 5; 81 5
Rosa ‘La Sevilleana’: 92 55
Rosa ‘Lace Cascade’: 91 55
Rosa 'Lady Hillingdon': 5 47; 12 7
Rosa 'Lady Waterlow': 8 33; 43 78
Rosa laevigata: 3 8, 10; 5 50; 12 9; 13 29; 15 18; 38 12; 42 48; 54 47; 61 32; 76 31, 32; 89 13
Rosa laevigata ‘Cooperi’: 76 32
Rosa 'Lamarque': 15 18; 43 18
Rosa 'Laure Davoust': 53 24
Rosa 'Laurent Carle': 49 26
Rosa 'Lavender Lassie': 54 37
Rosa laxa: 76 29; 81 32
Rosa 'Little White Pet': 42 75
Rosa 'Lorraine Lee': 8 35
Rosa 'Louis Funies': 42 47
Rosa 'Louis XIV': 42 47
Rosa ‘Louise Odier’: 92 23
Rosa 'Luciano del Bufalo Rambler': 54 37
Rosa lucidissima: 76 32
Rosa lucieae: 76 32
Rosa lutea: 13 31
Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland’: 13 10; 42 47
Rosa ‘Madame Alfred Carrière’: 15 18; 33 31; 42 47; 48 7; 76 32 ; 81 33
Rosa ‘Madame Boll’: 81 35
Rosa 'Madame Isaac Pereire': 61 32
Rosa 'Maréchal Niel': 38 12; 42 47
Rosa ‘Manetti’: 82 67
Rosa ‘Maréchal Davoust’: 81 31
Rosa 'Marie Claire': 34 31
Rosa ‘Marie Pavié’: 81 35
Rosa 'Marjorie Fair': 17 42, 44
Rosa 'Marjorie Palmer': 11 29
Rosa ‘Martin Frobisher’: 81 35
Rosa 'Mary Rose': 42 47
Rosa ‘Maurice Chevalier’: 92 6
Rosa 'Mawson': 42 43
Rosa 'Max Graf': 48 7
Rosa 'May Queen': 54 38
Rosa 'Meillandina Alba': 17 43
Rosa 'Mermaid': 3 8, 24; 8 17; 12 9; 26 65; 42 47, 48; 54 37; 56 36; S (2) 37; 71 6, 43
Rosa 'Michelle Meilland': 4 51
Rosa 'Mignon': 42 45
Rosa 'Mignonette': 11 31
Rosa 'Mily': 28 49
Rosa 'Mlle Franziska Krüger': 43 78
Rosa 'Mlle Marie van Houtte': 8 34
Rosa 'Mme Abel Chatenay': 8 34
Rosa 'Mme Bérard': 8 33
Rosa 'Mme Carnot': 8 34
Rosa 'Mme Ernest Calvat': 8 33
Rosa 'Mme Etienne Levet': 8 33
Rosa 'Mme Hardy': 8 34
Rosa 'Mme Marie Lavalley': 8 34
Rosa Mme Lauriol de Barry': 42 47
Rosa ‘Mme Solway’: 92 8
Rosa 'Monique': 54 40
Rosa 'Monthly Blush': 5 41
Rosa 'Moonlight': 61 32
Rosa moschata: 13 30; 42 48; 70 26; 81 28; 94 58
Rosa moyesii: 42 43
Rosa 'Mozart': 20 21
Rosa 'Mrs O. Fisher': 42 47
Rosa 'Mrs. Fred Danks': 11 29
Rosa 'Mrs. Richard Turnbull': 8 35; 17 47
Rosa mulliganii: 34 16
Rosa multiflora: 5 48, 50; 34 31, 61; 59 15; 70 67; 76 29, 30; 81 32
Rosa multiflora hybrid 'Violetta': 42 76
Rosa multiflora × cathayensis: 43 19
Rosa 'Mundi': 11 16
Rosa 'Mutabilis': 17 43; 88 11
Rosa ‘Music Hall’: 86 31
Rosa 'Nancy Hayward': 8 35; 17 47
Rosa 'Nathalie': 5 47
Rosa nemoniflora: 29 69
Rosa 'Nevada': 42 43; 60 6
Rosa 'New Dawn': 1 7; 3 25; 5 47; 20 21; 33 31; 34 61; 42 47; 55 26; 61 32; 77 11; 81 1, 33; 94 14
Rosa 'Newport Fairy': 34 15
Rosa 'Nil Bleu': 42 40
Rosa 'Niphetos': 38 12
Rosa 'Noella Nabonnand': 3 8; 8 34, 35; 43 78; 61 30; 76 33
Rosa 'Norwich Castle': 17 42, 44
Rosa 'Nozomi': 6 50; 42 47
Rosa ‘Nuits de Young’: 81 31
Rosa 'Nur Mahal': 61 32
Rosa nutkana: 5 50; 13 29
Rosa 'Odette Joyeaux': 42 47
Rosa ‘Old Blush’: 81 61; 86 31
Rosa ‘Olga de Wurtenberg': 8 34
Rosa 'Olympic Gold': 42 41
Rosa ‘Ophelia’: 81 33
Rosa 'Ophirie': 8 34
Rosa 'Othello': 42 47
Rosa palustris: 81 31
Rosa 'Papa Gontier': 43 78
Rosa 'Papa Meilland': 11 30
Rosa 'Paul Nabonnand': 8 34
Rosa 'Paul Neyron': 8 34
Rosa 'Paul's Himalayan Musk': 53 24; 54 38; 73 50; 81 32; 90 44; 92 8
Rosa 'Peace': 13 10; 42 47; 61 33
Rosa 'Pedro Dot': 19 10
Rosa 'Penelope': 2 10; 3 24; 48 7; 61 32; 86 31
Rosa 'Perdita': 20 21
Rosa 'Perle d'Alcandra': 6 50
Rosa 'Perle des Blanches': 8 34
Rosa 'Perle des Jardins': 8 34
Rosa 'Perle d'Or': 42 47, 75; 89 17
Rosa ‘Philippe Starck’: 81 35
Rosa‘Phillis Bide': 20 21
Rosa phoenicea: 13 29
Rosa 'Pierre de Ronsard': 6 50; 13 10; 42 47; 47 17; 61 33; 71 50; 81 30; 89 54
Rosa pimpinellifolia : 82 60, 64
Rosa pimpinella var. repens: 13 30
Rosa pimpinellifolia: 34 7
Rosa 'Pleine de Grâce': 20 21
Rosa polyantha: 59 15
Rosa pomifera: 13 31
Rosa 'Président de Sèze': 20 21 ; 81 31
Rosa 'Prestige de Bellegarde': 53 27
Rosa 'Pretty Jessica': 20 21
Rosa primula: 42 48
Rosa pulverulenta: 13 30
Rosa ‘Purezza’: 81 63; 82 67
Rosa 'Quatre Saisons': 29 45; 64 25
Rosa 'Queen Elizabeth': 3 24; 5 47
Rosa 'Rambling Rector': 2 10; 20 21; 42 48; 61 33; 81 32, 34 94 58
Rosa 'Ramona': 34 15
Rosa 'Raubritter': 20 21
Rosa regeliana: 13 30
Rosa 'Reine des Violettes': 20 20
Rosa 'Reine Marie Henriette': 8 34
Rosa 'Reine Victoria': 42 24
Rosa 'Rêve d'Or': 5 47; 8 34; 42 48; 56 36; 71 71; 91 55
Rosa 'Robin Hood': 5 47; 54 37
Rosa 'Roi du Siam': 8 34
Rosa ‘Rosa Mundi’: 94 58
Rosa 'Roseraie de l'Hay': 42 43; 81 29, 32
Rosa roxburghii plena: 19 73
Rosa rubiginosa: 13 30
Rosa rugosa: 13 30; 34 5
Rosa rugosa 'Alba': 42 43
Rosa rugosa ‘Blanche Double’: 71 71
Rosa rubrifolia: 5 47; 13 30
Rosa rusticana: 12 7
Rosa 'Sainte Thérèse de Lisieux': 21 5
Rosa 'Sally Holmes': 3 24; 11 35; 13 25; 21 20; 81 34 
Rosa ‘Sander’s White Rambler’:76 32
Rosa ‘Saturnia’: 82 67
Rosa 'Schneewittchen': 1 7; 42 46; 77 11; 87 55, 59; 94 14
Rosa 'Sea Foam': 42 48
Rosa 'Seagull': 2 10; 12 9; 61 33
Rosa semperflorens: 34 31
Rosa sempervirens: 16 46; 20 23; 22 39; 42 48; 53 12; 81 32
Rosa 'Sénateur Amic': 42 48; 61 31
Rosa 'Sénateur La Follette': 2 9; 5 47; 8 34; 61 30
Rosa serafinii: 13 30
Rosa setigera: 5 50; 13 30
Rosa 'Sharifa Asma': 20 21
Rosa sicula: 13 30
Rosa 'Silver Moon': 15 18; 76 31, 32
Rosa 'Sinica Amenone': 38 12
Rosa 'Solidor': 12 9
Rosa 'Sombreuil': 15 18; 34 16; 56 36
Rosa 'Souvenir de Claudius Denoyel': 5 47
Rosa 'Souvenir de Gilbert Nabonnand': 43 78
Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison': 2 10; 74 25; 81 35
Rosa 'Souvenir de Mme Leonie Viennot': 11 30
Rosa 'Souvenir de St. Anne's': 11 30
Rosa ‘Souvenir du Dr Jamain’: 81 23
Rosa 'Sparrieshoop': 11 32
Rosa spinosissima: 13 30
Rosa spithamea: 30 19; 74 6; 81 45
Rosa 'Spring Gold': 42 43
Rosa 'Squatter's Dream': 11 32; 17 47
Rosa 'Stirling Silver': 42 40
Rosa ‘Strombio’: 82 67
Rosa 'Summer Holiday': 4 51
Rosa ‘Summer Song’: 71 72
Rosa 'Sunlit': 17 47
Rosa ‘Sunny South’: 89 16, 17
Rosa 'Swany': 61 33
Rosa 'Sweet Juliet': 42 48; 56 10
Rosa sweginzowii: 42 43
Rosa 'Tea Safrano': 8 34
Rosa 'The Fairy': 17 43; 42 48
Rosa 'The Mayflower': 60 25
Rosa ‘The Poet’s Wife’: 94 58
Rosa 'Thisbe': 61 32
Rosa ‘Trier’: 81 34
Rosa 'Turner's Crimson Rambler': 34 61
Rosa ‘Tuscany Superb’: 81 31
Rosa 'Ulric Brunner': 8 34
Rosa ‘Variegata di Bologna’: 81 35
Rosa 'Veilchenblau': 5 47
Rosa villosa: 5 50; 13 31
Rosa villosa 'Duplex': 42 43
Rosa 'Violette Parfum': 42 40
Rosa 'Virgo': 42 48
Rosa 'Vittoria Del Bufalo Rambler': 54 38
Rosa webbiana: 5 50
Rosa 'Wedding Day': 61 33; 89 17
Rosa 'White Pearl': 27 7
Rosa ‘White Wings’: 86 31
Rosa wichuraiana: 13 31; 34 61
Rosa 'Wickwar': 2 10
Rosa 'Wife of Bath': 20 21
Rosa 'William Grant': 34 15
Rosa 'William Lobb': 29 43
Rosa ‘William Shakespeare’: 94 58
Rosa 'Yaki Mour': 12 9
Rosa 'Zéphirine Drouhin': 56 36; 78 33
Rosa xanthina: 82 60, 64
Rosa × alba: 13 30; 56 13
Rosa × alba 'Semiplena': 42 45
Rosa × anemonoides: 76 32
Rosa × centifolia: 5 48; 13 31; 47 17; 56 13
Rosa × damascena: 5 50; 13 31; 56 13; 60 57; 70 26
Rosa × damascena 'Trigintipetala': 42 48
Rosa × floribunda: 13 32
Rosa × fortuneana: 13 31; 54 38
Rosa × grandiflora: 13 32
Rosa × odorata: 42 48; 81 29
Rosa × odorata pseudindica: 34 12
Rosa × paulii: 13 29
Rosa × polliana: 13 29
Rosa × polyantha: 13 32
Rosa × rugosa 'Scabrosa': 42 43; 52 67
Rosaceae: 37 22; 74 33; 82 64; 91 60
rose bed: 86 25, 31; 87 35, 75; 88 21; 89 39, 61
rose breeders, Italian: 82 65, 68
rose budwood: 82 66, 67
rose campion: 91 62
rose chafer: 46 102
rose garden: 4 4; 5 11, 48; 8 34; 9 3, 13-15; 19 17, 69; 22 12; 27 7; 64 9, 11, 13, 15, 23; 76 42; 77 18; 78 9, 11; 81 53; 88 50; 89 39; 90 18, 19; 91 50; 93 26
rose hybridisers, contemporary Italian: 82 68
Rose Leaf Salvia: 32 36
rose nursery: 76 28
Rose of Sharon: 74 39
rose rootstock: 82 67
rose soapwort: 91 62
rosebay willowherb: 19 30; 54 5
rosehips: 84 54
rosemary: 1 5, 8, 16; 2 9; 3 11, 23, 42, 45; 4 25, 32; 5 20, 22, 23, 33; 6 12, 18, 24, 25, 55; 7 2, 6, 15, 47; 8 4; 9 16, 10; 10 9, 26, 27, 30; 11 26, 32; 12 7, 23; 13 3, 10, 20; 14 16, 22; 15 39; 17 1, 40, 54, 72; 18 24; 19 68; 20 1, 18, 19, 46, 48; 21 5, 12, 26, 51, 58, 60; 22 6, 9, 12, 13, 42, 60; 23 23, 56; 25 10, 14, 37, 55; 26 4, 5, 52, 54; 27 12, 13, 51, 55; 28 13, 24, 43, 47; 29 38, 40; 30 21, 24; 31 8, 42; 32 19, 50; 33 26, 30; 34 5, 7; 35 12, 27, 69; 36 25; 38 60, 76; 39 6, 24, 65; 40 8, 25, 38, 50, 54; 41 5, 6, 19; 42 54, 64, 76; 43 17, 31, 44, 54, 58, 62; 44 8, 15, 47; 45 22, 53; 46 54, 55, 62; 47 11, 14-16, 18, 20; 48 17, 41; 49 3, 34, 37, 40; 50 6, 15; 51 13, 24, 52; 52 33, 36, 56; 53 28, 29; 54 47; 55 12, 26, 34; 57 2, 46, 58; 58 41, 54; 59 9, 13-15, 17; 60 8, 9, 23, 24, 31; 61 10, 26, 30-33; 62 46; 63 40; 64 15, 19, 28; 65 17, 69; 66 6, 10, 12, 16, 31, 32, 36, 58; 67 39, 44, 46, 49, 51; 68 9; 71 39, 40; 72 13, 18, 39; 73 7, 13; 74 52; 75 3, 21, 34, 56; 77 1, 9, 76, 100; 78 36, 53, 69; 79 16, 33, 45, 72; 80 1, 19, 22; 81 20; 82 8, 43, 44, 46-48; 83 3, 18; 84 17, 19, 21, 36; 85 10, 43; 86 25; 87 19, 52, 54-56, 58; 88 18, 22, 25, 30, 39, 40; 89 15, 28, 34, 39; 91 62; 93 11, 14-16, 19; 94 11, 14, 40
rosemary beetle: 78 55; 94 40
rosemary 'Boule': 48 24; 65 17
rosemary, creeping/prostrate: 26 54; 39 6; 43 31; 47 16; 49 40; 50 9; 55 26; 61 63; 66 47; 69 28; 80 22; 82 52; 85 58; 87 58; 89 27
rosemary dieback: 71 70
rosemary, 'Prostratus' varieties: 29 38
rosemary, trailing: 92 13
roses: 1 6, 7; 3 8, 24-26; 4 11, 24, 31, 44, 50, 51; 5 11, 20, 41, 47-49; 6 5, 11, 25, 48, 49, 56, 57; 7 20, 36, 50; 8 17, 21, 33-35; 10 22; 15 3, 18, 45, 47, 69; 16 23, 55, 72; 17 32, 36, 43-47, 57; 19 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 32, 34, 59, 68, 72, 73, 75; 20 7, 8, 15, 18-21, 23-25; 21 5, 12, 26, 51, 58, 60; 22 6, 9, 12, 13, 42, 60; 23 43; 25 2, 38; 26 48, 52, 65; 27 4, 7, 54; 28 43, 44; 29 11, 38; 30 28; 35 39; 36 15; 37 10, 15; 38 25; 39 32, 33, 63; 40 9, 37, 54, 57; 42 8, 10, 14, 24, 25, 28, 40-48, 53, 54, 57, 75-77; 43 6, 12, 15, 17-19, 59, 62, 64, 76, 78; 44 2, 56, 66; 45 8, 11, 36, 37; 46 55, 58, 78, 87, 91; 47 3, 17, 40; 48 5, 7, 41, 49; 49 12, 15, 16, 21, 22, 25, 26, 34, 39, 40, 42, 58, 61; 51 6, 56-59, 61, 71; 52 33, 34, 55; 53 15, 19, 24, 27, 31; 54 32, 35, 37-41, 47; 55 8, 27, 34, 40; 56 7, 10, 13, 14, 25, 34, 37; 57 12, 24, 29, 46, 55, 56; 58 9, 14; 59 15, 33; 60 8, 14, 19, 20, 24, 43; 61 10, 26, 30-33; 64 8-10, 13, 17-19, 69; 65 1, 57; S(1) 9, 11; 67 13, 25, 28, 29, 45, 51; 68 36, 58; 69 8, 33, 44; 70 7, 26, 29, 30-33, 51, 52, 66-68; 71 28, 42, 43, 52, 53, 57, 60; 72 23, 27, 71; 73 27, 56; 75 1, 8, 33, 65; 76 28-32, 40; 77 10, 11, 67; 78 9, 11, 28, 33, 53, 55, 62; 79 4, 8, 40, 56, 58; 80 5, 8, 9, 12, 29; 81 1, 13, 28-37, 56, 61-63, 70; 82 8, 8, 26, 65-68; 83 2, 3, 69; 84 12, 38; 86 31; 87 3, 20, 31, 35, 47, 49, 52, 55, 56; 88 8, 11; 89 16, 17, 27, 28, 32, 33, 42, 43, 46, 53, 54; 91 14, 16, 20, 41, 53; 92 5, 7, 23, 26, 55-57, 65, 67; 93 13, 16, 19, 26, 37, 39; 94 12, 14, 58
roses, Alba: 70 66
roses, Alister Clark: 42 42; 89 17
roses, Ayrshire: 34 61
roses, Banksia: 3 8, 25; 5 10, 41; 12 7, 20; 13 8; 16 23; 17 57; 19 6, 69; 27 38; 30 68; 38 70; 39 66; 42 75; 45 3, 8, 11; 46 54; 49 20; 50 10; 55 26; 56 9, 10; 59 30; 64 24; 71 43; 81 61, 63; 93 29
roses, bare-root: 70 67; 72 71; 81 34
roses, 'beldi': 62 10
roses, Bengal: 8 33
roses, Bourbon: 42 42; 56 13; 61 32; 70 66; 88 11; 92 23
roses, Boursault: 34 61
roses, burnet: 57 26
roses, cabbage: 5 48; 70 66
roses, Cherokee: 54 47; 61 32; 89 13
roses, China: 5 41; 6 56; 9 37; 42 42; 56 14; 70 68; 81 35
roses, climbing: 3 25; 8 21, 34; 9 54; 19 8; 22 6; 34 11-13, 15, 30, 32, 60-62; 42 14; 43 6, 78; 46 62; 48 5, 7; 49 21, 40; 51 19; 55 35; 56 13; 58 62; 60 22; 61 32, 33; 62 25, 29, 56; 68 14; 70 67; 76 23, 32; 77 86; 78 29, 33, 53; 79 51; 80 8; 81 33; 83 57; 84 54; 85 34; 87 52, 55; 89 13, 44, 53, 57; 91 55; 92 6, 28 45; 94 57
roses, damask: 30 5; 51 56; 56 12; 60 57; 61 32; 70 66
roses, David Austin: 61 32; 67 44; 89 17, 57, 61; 94 58
roses, disease-resistant: 15 3
roses, dog: 44 22; 72 28; 85 44; 87 20
roses, dwarf: 34 31
roses, English: 4 52
roses, floribunda: 43 78; 56 13; 82 68; 87 56; 89 16, 17
roses, Gallica: 70 66, 68; 81 31
roses, Gloria Dei: 4 11
roses, grafted: 70 66
roses, groundcover: 56 13
roses, heritage: 51 58; 89 45; 90 35
roses, hybrid: 66 37
roses, hybrid bush: 4 51
roses, hybrid Chinas: 42 75
roses, hybrid musks: 3 24; 81 33, 34
roses, hybrid tea: 2 10; 3 25; 28 11; 43 78; 46 22; 61 33
roses, Iceberg: 47 50; 53 27
roses, 'landscape': 61 33
roses, low-growing shrub: 56 13
roses, Macartney: 3 24
roses, Mansuino: 82 67
roses, May: 5 48
roses, Meilland: 81 30
roses, Meidilland ground covers: 43 78
roses, Meillandecor: 61 33
roses, miniature: 4 43; 27 6; 34 32; 56 13; 82 67
roses, modern: 56 13; 76 33
roses, modern shrub: 42 42
roses, moss: 46 55; 70 66; 81 31
roses, musk: 5 47; 42 14; 56 13; 70 66
roses, Multiflora: 70 66; 81 32
roses, Nabonnand: 61 32
roses, natural hybridization: 62 29
roses, Noisette: 2 49; 34 13, 61; 42 42; 47 48; 56 13; 61 31; 70 68; 81 35
roses, old: 2 49; 10 45; 39 32; 42 76; 43 6; 70 30; 71 56; 90 3
roses, old-fashioned: 71 50; 72 71; 74 25; 89 44
roses, old French: 81 30
roses, polyanthus: 34 32
roses, Portland: 56 13
roses, Provence/provençal: 5 48; 47 17; 61 10
roses, Provins: 5 48
roses, ramblers: 26 52; 61 33; 70 30, 68; 81 32; 91 14; 92 8; 94 57
roses, repeat-flowering/remontant: 81 30, 31, 33, 63
roses, rugosas: 56 13; 70 66, 68; 81 29
roses, San Rafael: 34 12
roses, semi-evergreen: 61 33
roses, shrub: 34 32; 43 78; 61 40; 93 26
roses, single: 16 23
roses, standard: 5 11; 70 67; 89 27
roses, tea: 6 49, 56; 34 61; 76 31; 81 33
roses, tea-scented: 2 49
roses, trailing: 84 54
roses, tree: 34 32
roses, traditional varieties: 70 66
roses, wild: 9 33; 28 14; 34 30, 32; 50 9; 56 13; 74 6; 75 41; 79 33; 84 25; 86 31; 93 13
roses, Wychuriana hybrids: 6 49
Rosmarinus: 6 33; 38 18; 54 61; 59 7, 56; 64 28, 71; 66 36; 69 37; 76 51; 77 116; 82 8; 83 14; 84 14; 94 40, 49
Rosmarinus ericalyx: 77 1
Rosmarinus officinalis: 1 16; 3 10, 22; 10 18, 30; 14 22, 25, 26; 15 47; 17 33; 19 65, 66; 20 41; 21 67; 22 36-38, 41; 24 12; 28 24; 32 19; 35 12; 36 8, 28; 39 24; 40 8; 42 64; 44 15; 51 13; 53 18; 57 2; 59 5; 62 19, 46; 64 28; 66 31; 67 9; 71 71; 73 43; 75 21; 77 1, 100; 78 33, 69; 80 1; 81 16, 19; 82 43, 44, 46, 48; 85 10; 91 62; 92 13
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Baie d'Audierne': 39 44
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Barcelona': 39 45
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Benenden Blue': 25 14
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Blue Lagoon’: 72 18
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Boule': 39 44; 84 19, 36; 85 31
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Corsican': 25 14
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Corsican Blue': 39 44
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Majorca Pink': 39 44
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Montagnette’: 74 46
Rosmarinus officinalis procumbens: 59 14
Rosmarinus officinalis prostrate variety: 84 36
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus': 2 28; 10 30; 17 33; 28 43; 36 8; 41 19; 43 31; 57 17; 78 33
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus White': 25 14
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Punta di Canelle':39 6, 44
Rosmarinus officinalis repens: 39 44
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Severn Sea': 25 14
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Tuscan Blue': 39 44; 57 17; 92 34
Rosmarinus 'Sappho': 50 11
Rosmarinus tomentosus: 43 57; 77 1
Rosmarinus × mendizabalii: 72 14; 73 13
rosy garlic: 81 20
rot: 28 26; 56 22, 25-27, 30
rotation: 62 71
rotation cereal/pasture: 58 70
Rotheca myricoides ssp. myricoides: 94 54
Rothschild, Béatrice de: 79 57
Rothschild Memorial Gardens: 65 50
Rou: 87 52, 54, 56
rouge garance: 53 40, 42, 43; 63 47
roundabouts: 3 44; 63 17
Round Leaf Mint Bush: 91 60
Round-Leaved Moort: 25 23
Round-Up: 19 55, 57; 50 7; 55 2, 34; 63 49; 84 35; 85 72
rowan: 83 31; 85 44; 87 75
Rowntree, Lester: 31 13-21; 88 2
Royal Beard Tongue: 82 16
Royal Botanic Garden, Madrid: 29 55; 71 10
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: 22 66
Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh: 74 26
Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne: 19 4; 21 4; 36 11-13; 64 35; 67 72; 68 66; 69 4, 62; 71 50; 73 19; 88 1; 90 3, 34; 91 2; 92 20, 22; 93 61
Royal Geographic Society: 90 63
Royal Horticultural Society: 27 28; 39 82; 40 26, 59, 62; 51 51; 68 31, 60; 70 6; 76 65; 79 3; 91 7, 25, 66, 73
Royal Maundy: 68 60
Royal Naval Hospital, Menorca 78 40
Royal Society: 69 52, 55
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds: 83 8-10; 86 21
Royston Hall: 93 60
rubber plant: 42 55, 58; 75 17
rubbish: 89 6, 26
Rubens: 90 6
Rubia peregrina: 60 45; 81 19; 82 46
Rubia tinctoria: 48 49
Rubia tinctorum: 53 40
Rubiaceae: 64 46; 82 64; 91 59
Rubus: 60 45
Rubus fruticosus × idaeus: 91 40
Rubus parvifolius: 37 22
Rubus phoenicolasius: 91 40
Rubus sanctus: 86 45
Ruby Saltbush: 71 69
Rudbeckia ‘Goldsturm’: 64 37
Rudbeckia hirta: 33 28; 65 23
Rudbeckia triloba: 75 64
rudbeckias: 58 34; 64 19, 35, 41
rue: 6 23; 9 1, 19; 10 30, 56; 20 7; 22 21; 25 53; 30 21; 39 24; 40 2; 47 53; 48 20; 49 34, 40; 60 4; 65 24; 71 74; 72 36; 74 52; 75 11, 65; 78 36; 81 21, 24; 82 42; 87 19; 90 49
rue, Egyptian: 85 2
Ruellia brittoniana: 54 3; 59 6; 63 22; 75 50
Ruellia simplex: 75 50; 90 47, 48
Ruellia tweediana: 67 12
Ruellia simplex: 73 63
ruins, bogus: 48 5
Rumex bucephalophorus: 45 48
Rumex pictus: 65 50
Rumex sculatus: 82 63
Rumex vesicarius: 61 57
Rumohra adiantiformis: 57 19
runner bean, scarlet: 56 2
runner beans: 46 58
run-off: 80 35; 81 26; 82 13; 83 44-46; 89 43; 91 4
Ruscaceae: 54 26, 28
Ruschia: S(2) 21, 22; 93 25
Ruschia hamata: 18 32; S(2) 22
Ruschia pulvinaris: 83 27
Ruschia puterillii: 18 32; S(2) 22
Ruscus: 40 46; 47 19; 54 26; 55 8; 60 9; 70 7; 75 34; 79 44
Ruscus aculeatus: 1 5; 3 32; 6 14; 20 41; 39 22; 48 11; 49 44; 54 27, 28, 30; 59 7, 43, 45; 64 30; 67 12; 71 34, 36; 76 42; 77 9; 94 11
Ruscus aculeatus Treseder's Variety: 54 28
Ruscus hypoglossum: 22 7; 39 22; 40 27; 54 28-30; 59 7; 64 30; 67 12; 94 17
Ruscus hypophyllum: 54 28, 29; 59 7; 64 30; 67 12; 92 8
Ruscus racemosus: 54 28
Ruscus streptophyllum: 54 28
rush rose: 24 15
rushes: 3 45; 37 23; 39 4; 40 19; 57 26; 69 7
Ruskin: 42 22; 64 61
Russelia equisetiformis: 47 19; 66 47; 75 3; 76 21; 79 58; 80 40; 86 8; 90 51-53
Russelia juncea: 47 19
Russell lupins: 856; 65 34
Russian ivy: 70 39
Russian sage: 92 28
Russian Vine: 1 49; 54 3, 4; 62 27
rust (disease): 3 26; 4 44; 10 32; 33 31; 63 24; 78 55; 80 29, 69; 86 31; 89 42
Rustenberg: 89 43, 44
rusty-back fern: 82 47
Rusty-Leafed Fig: 87 6
Ruta: 6 23, 33; 8 7; 40 2; 52 7
Ruta angustifolia: 82 42
Ruta chalepensis: 85 2
Ruta chalapensis 'Dimension Two': 29 67
Ruta graveolens: 2 15; 3 34; 10 30; 20 7; 22 21; 39 24, 45; 41 44; 45 13; 59 7; 63 62; 67 9; 72 36; 74 47; 75 11; 80 22, 23; 90 49
Rutaceae: 4 34; 16 35; 19 35; 30 30; 65 3; S(1) 31, 37; 71 21; 89 51; 91 59, 63
ryad: 62 8, 9
rye grass: 2 44; 6 23, 33; 20 18; 94 47
Ryoan-ji: 29 55


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